23.05.2013NAGORNO-KARABAKH: OBSTACLES TO A NEGOTIATED SETTLEMENT
Anna Hess Sargsyan
The conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh (NK) between Armenia and Azerbaijan remains immune to a political solution despite the two decades of intensive international mediation. The parties to the conflict are using negotiations to buy time and maintain a fragile status quo, even if they find it unfavourable in the long run.
20.05.2013NUCLEAR INDUSTRY RE-ENERGIZING AFTER FUKUSHIMA
Reconstructing nuclear confidence in post-Fukushima world is a long and painful process. But real-life energy demands especially in the developing countries predetermine a significant share of nuclear energy in their national energy consumption structure.
16.05.2013REGNUM: NEW KIND OF GENOCIDE IS BEING PERPETRATED IN SYRIA (from the press-conference of Gagik Harutyunyan)
Genocide, quite unusual one, is being perpetrated in the Middle East now – Arabs kill Arabs and alongside a Christian population suffers. As the REGNUM Information Agency correspondent reports this was stated by the Director of the Armenian “Noravank” Foundation Gagik Harutyunyan at the press-conference held on May 13.
07.05.2013NEW ISSUE OF “MIDDLE EAST MEDITERRANEAN” WAS PUBLISHED
The ½ issue of “Middle East Mediterranean” for 2013 was published. The bulletin is published by the Hellenic Foundation for European & Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) which is one of the leading Greek institutions dealing with the study of the international relations.
06.05.2013ON POLITICAL VIEW OF THE ARMENIAN COMMUNITY IN SYRIA
Events in Syria are of some interest for the Armenian academic and analytical circles not only in the aspect of regional and geopolitical changes which will also influence Armenia, but also for the reasons of safety of the Armenian community in Syria.
02.05.2013NAGORNO-KARABAKH: CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES TO THE PROSPECTS OF THE CONFLICT SETTLEMENT
As it is known, today the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic is not fully involved in the negotiation process under the auspices of the OSCE Minsk Group. The stance of Stepanakert is presented in the international arena by Armenia which states that at this stage it abstains from the recognition of the NKR.
29.04.2013ON SOME MAIN ISSUES OF INTEGRATION IN THE CONTEXT OF A VALUE SYSTEM
Today the main issues of the Eurasian integration are up for debate. The geopolitical necessity of integration is underlined. Rather good analyses of its profitability and other economic issues are carried out. This all is wonderful and very useful – certainty is a must.
25.04.2013KARS-AKHLKALAKI-TBILISI RAILWAY AND ITS REGIONAL PROSPECTS
The authorities of Georgia, Azerbaijan and Turkey plan to complete building of Kars-Akhlkalaki-Tbilisi railway by the end of 2013 and this new transportion hub will be put into commission on January 1, 2014.
17.04.2013SOUTH STREAM SHAPES EUROPEAN ENERGY SECURITY, NABUCCO FALLS BEHIND
South Stream is an ambitious endeavor of Russia’s energy giant Gazprom to get direct access to the EU energy market. It is portrayed and criticized by some politicians in Europe as a «dangerous» gateway to a broader economic relationship with Moscow.
16.04.2013THE 113th CONGRESS, A LOOK AT THE 2014 MID-TERM ELECTIONS AND THE COUNTDOWN TO THE 100th ANNIVERSARY OF THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE
By Taniel Koushakjian
With the House of Representatives remaining in Republican control and the Senate and White House again in Democratic hands, another session of a divided Congress began on January 3, 2013.
10.04.2013HOW TO CREATE A NATION: A TASK OF FORMATION OF THE AZERBAIJANI IDENTITY IN THE 20TH CENTURY
A well-known in the Soviet period definition of Azerbaijan’s capital Baku as an “international city” is still fresh in the memory of people from the post-Soviet territory. In Soviet Baku different big national and religious communities lived which was characteristic for pre-Soviet, tsarist period as well.
09.04.2013ALIGNMENT-MEETING AT THE SECRETARIAT OF THE COLLECTIVE SECURITY TREATY ORGANIZATION
On April 2, 2013 the alignment-meeting with the participation of the Secretary General of the CSTO N.Bordyuzha, Coordinator of the Association and Advisor of the Department of the Information Programmes of the CSTO Secretariat I.Panarin, heads and employees of the structural subdivisions of the CSTO Secretariat was held.
04.04.2013GEORGIA AND TURKISH-AZERBAIJANI MILITARY AND POLITICAL ALLIANCE
South Caucasus still remains one of the most important targets in the foreign policy of Turkey. This is stipulated in the electoral programme (Seçim Beyannamesi) of the Justice and Development Party issued on June 12, 2011 on the eve of the parliamentary elections...
28.03.2013 “ARMENIZATION” OF THE DOMESTIC POLITICAL LIFE IN GEORGIA?
On January 17 official visit of the prime-minister of Georgia Bidzina Ivanishvili to Armenia took place. This was the second regional visit of a new head of the Georgian government after a resounding and unexpected for many victory of the opposition at the parliamentary elections in October...
25.03.2013DATA PROTECTION ISSUES IN ARMENIA
The Republic of Armenia is becoming more and more digitalized country. Only digitization of state institutions, the electronic management systems has considerably developed in terms of quantity and quality in recent two years.
21.03.2013BRUSSELS INDULGES IN TRANS-CASPIAN PIPE DREAM AGAIN
After the European Commission has finally realized that major investors (RWE) and transit countries (Hungary) are leaving Nabucco, bureaucrats in Brussels are now trying to revitalize a distressed project – the so-called Trans-Caspian gas pipeline.
20.03.2013WILL POPE FRANCIS REPEAT CARDINAL BERGOGLIO’S WORDS ON THE GENOCIDE?
By Harut Sassounian
Shortly after Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio became Pope Francis I, Armenian and Turkish media outlets rushed to inform their audiences that the Argentinean Archbishop had acknowledged the Armenian Genocide on a number of occasions.
07.03.2013HAIGAZIAN UNIVERSITY IN BEIRUT
Among the educational institutions of the Armenian Diaspora Beirut’s Haigazian University – the only higher educational institution in the Diaspora – holds a prominent place.
06.03.2013TURKEY’S SECRET ARMENIANS
The presence of “secret” Armenians in Anatolia (Western Armenia – “Akunq” edit.)has become the subject of a news report in the Argentine press. In an article titled “The Footprints of Secret Armenians in Turkey,"...
04.03.2013ACADEMIC AND EXPERT POTENTIAL OF THE DIASPORA: ISSUES OF ASSESSMENT AND ORGANIZATION
Arestakes Simavoryan, Vahram Hovyan
It is very difficult to underestimate the influence of the intellectual potential on the practical politics. In the world’s leading countries the bodies, organizations and other political actors carrying out state policy...
28.02.2013INTEGRATION PROCESSES AND INFORMATION POLICY
The intention of the presidents of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia to establish Eurasian Union (EAU) and Armenia’s possible joining the union caused eager discussion in the Armenian society. The main subject of these discussions is the political and economic problems and prospects of the integration process. Less attention is paid to the information component and directly connected with it system of values.
25.02.2013INTENSIFICATION OF RUSSIA-TURKEY INDIRECT MILITARY AND POLITICAL CONFRONTATION
The relationship of Russia and Turkey in the periods when they were in the state of war resemble a game of mult-iboard military and political chess on the geographically separated boards, and each game has its logic, its intrigue, its pieces but they all are interconnected and constitute a part of the same big mosaic.
21.02.2013QAZVIN-RASHT-ASTARA OR IRAN-ARMENIA?
Recently the discussions on the development of the railway service have stirred up in the South Caucasus and Armenia. This is mostly conditioned by the change of the leadership in Georgia in 2012 after which a new government was formed.
11.02.2013VIEW FROM THE GLOBAL TANK: RUSSIA CAN SHOULDER OBAMA’S CHALLENGES - AFTER A BMD DEAL
President Barack Obama’s recent inauguration marked the 21st time that a US president has “renewed his lease” at the White House.
07.02.2013ISSUE OF RETURNING CHURCH PROPERTIES IN TURKEY
Confiscation of the properties belonging to the Christian communities in Turkey was one of the components of persecution and suppression policy carried out on the state level in regard to the national and religious minorities.
04.02.2013TV SERIES: CONTENT AND SCOPE
Sona Manusyan, Diana Galstyan
The TV series has thus taken a root in the activity of the TV companies and in the life of the TV viewers that it is inevitable not to turn our attention specifically to them while scrutinizing the problems of the TV content.
31.01.2013GLOBAL TURMOIL IN THE MIDDLE RUN
By Immanuel Wallerstein
Making predictions in the short run (the coming year or two) is a fool’s game. There are too many unpredictable twists and turns in the real political/economic/cultural world.
31.01.2013GEORGIAN BUSINESSMEN FIGHT FOR "STOLEN" PROPERTY
Georgian businessmen who accuse the last government of stealing their property have united to demand that the new administration return it.
30.01.2013“EURASIAN INTEGRATION AND ARMENIA: PROSPECTS, GOALS, TRENDS OF DISCUSSIONS”
On January 26 conference on “Eurasian Integration and Armenia: Prospects, Goals, Trends of Discussions”, organized by “Integration and Development” Research and Analytical NGO, was hold in Yerevan.
30.01.2013TURKEY SHOULD BE KEPT IN THE DARK ON ARMENIAN GENOCIDE CENTENNIAL PLANS
By Harut Sassounian
It is no secret that Armenian communities around the world are busy planning scores of projects for the 100th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide on April 24, 2015.
24.01.2013WHICH PARLIAMENT RECOGNIZED THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE FIRST?
International efforts directed to the recognition of the Armenian Genocide have a century-long history. About twenty countries recognized Armenian Genocide over the last 50 years.
21.01.2013AZERBAIJANI SOCIAL MEDIA
Like the rest of the world Azerbaijan is also under the influence of explosive growth of the influence of the social media. More than a half of the population is Internet users there.
17.01.2013ARMENIAN DIASPORA IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC
The Armenian community in the Czech Rep. is one the newly formed Armenian communities in Europe. The study of the community has some peculiarities which are conditioned by the fact that the latter considerably differs from the traditional Armenian communities in Europe.
14.01.2013GEORGIA: AN ATTEMPT TO MANEUVER IN A NARROW GAUGE
The recent parliamentary elections in Georgia turned out to be remarkable in many aspects. They were remarkable for the results of the elections; for the fact that for the first time in the modern history of the country the change of the regime proceeded in a democratic path...
10.01.2013A PRAGMATIC REVIEW OF NAGORNO-KARABAKH CONFLICT RESOLUTION: COULD ECONOMIC INCENTIVES HELP BREAK THE CURRENT STALEMATE?
It is becoming increasingly clear that there is little immediate “light at the end of the tunnel” in relation to peaceful settlement of the unresolved conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh.
09.01.2013WITH U.S. SET TO LEAVE AFGHANISTAN, ECHOES OF 1989
By THOM SHANKER
The young president who ascended to office as a change agent decides to end the costly and unpopular war in Afghanistan. He seeks an exit with honor by pledging long-term financial support to allies in Kabul, while urging reconciliation with the insurgency.
27.12.2012CHALLENGES TO ARMENIA IN THE GLOBALIZING WORLD
In Arnold Toynbee’s classical formulation, the viability of civilizations depends on their ability to adequately respond to challenges. In this sense it can be stated that for several millennia Armenia has been able to face (to various extent) its challenges.
24.12.2012SOCIAL NETWORKS IN ARMENIA
In 2011-2012 the number of the Internet users in Armenia has shot up dramatically, and in consequence more than a half of the population uses the Internet.
20.12.2012STATE BUDGET OF AZERBAIJAN
Just as in case with the population size, there is no ready and simple answer to “what is the Azerbaijani budget like?” simple question. Here we need to compare several data sources because the official estimations of the Azerbaijani Republic’s state budget differ markedly from the estimations given by other sources.
17.12.2012ON THE ROLE OF THE ENERGY FACTOR IN THE KARABAKH CONFLICT: NEW RE-FRAMING?
Back In 1994, in the period of completion of active military actions in Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, Heidar Aliyev, while preparing for signing “Contract of the Century” with the western oil companies on the development of hydrocarbon resources in Azerbaijani offshore areas of the Caspian Sea, expressed a hope that...
12.12.2012ARMENIA AND AZERBAIJAN: LANGUAGE, ETHNICITY, RELIGION, AND NATIONAL VALUES
This blog looks at public attitudes on whether or not speaking the titular language, belonging to the predominant religion or sharing national values are perceived as necessary to be a member of Armenian or Azerbaijani society.
10.12.2012IRAN AND SANCTIONS
Sanctions imposed against Iran caused serious changes in the economic life of the Islamic Republic of Iran. At the same time they have had a great impact on political processes either.
04.12.2012WAR IN SYRIA: PROBABLE SCENARIOS
Military and political processes going on in the Middle East and especially in Syria in the context of “Arab spring” are mostly discussed in the Armenian media from the point of view of the security of the Armenian communities.
30.11.2012“ACTIVE DIPLOMACY IS ESSENTIAL FOR ARMENIA”
“Hayern Aysor”’s correspondent sat down for an interview with Argentinean-Armenian international relations expert Khatchik Der-Ghougassian.
29.11.2012“WE ARMENIANS HAVE TO KEEP OUR ISSUES OF CONCERN IN THE FOCUS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY”
“Hayern Aysor”’s correspondent sat down for an interview with U.S.-based political scientist, international relations expert Anna Ohanyan, who was one of the participants of the Pan-Armenian Conference of Political Scientists and International Relations Experts.
28.11.2012“THE 35-KILOMETER BORDER WITH ARMENIA IS AS IMPORTANT FOR IRAN AS IT IS FOR ARMENIA”
Political scientist, analyst Robert Margarian from Iran was one of the participants of the Pan-Armenian Conference of Political Scientists and International Relations Experts.
27.11.2012“THERE WON’T BE A THIRD WORLD WAR…”
“Hayern Aysor”’s correspondent sat down for an interview with analyst, journalist for Expert magazine of Moscow, Gevorg Mirzayan, who was one of the participants of the Pan-Armenian Conference of Political Scientists and International Relations Experts.
26.11.2012“ARMENIA HAS PLENTY OF SUPPORTERS”
Founding director of the European Geopolitical Forum (Belgium) Marat Terterov recently delivered an interesting speech at the Pan-Armenian Conference of Political Scientists and International Relations Experts in Yerevan. The political scientist chose the topic “Can economic stimulus help eliminate the labyrinth in the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict?” because there hasn’t been much research on this.
22.11.2012PAN-ARMENIAN CONFERENCE OF POLITICAL SCIENTISTS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS EXPERTS ON “CHALLENGES OF THE 21ST CENTURY AND THE SECURITY ISSUES OF ARMENIA” DRAWS TO AN END
The Pan-Armenian Conference of Political Scientists and International Relations Experts on “Challenges of the 21st Century and the Security Issues of Armenia” drew to an end on November 20. The conference was organized by the RA Ministry of Diaspora.
21.11.2012PAN-ARMENIAN CONFERENCE OF POLITICAL SCIENTISTS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS EXPERTS ON “CHALLENGES OF THE 21ST CENTURY AND THE SECURITY ISSUES OF ARMENIA” CONTINUES
The participants of the Pan-Armenian Conference of Political Scientists and International Relations Experts on “Challenges of the 21st Century and the Security Issues of Armenia” organized by the RA Ministry of Diaspora continued to discuss the challenges facing Armenia in the globalizing world.
20.11.2012FIRST SESSION OF THE PAN-ARMENIAN CONFERENCE OF POLITICAL SCIENTISTS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS EXPERTS ON “CHALLENGES OF THE 21ST CENTURY AND THE SECURITY ISSUES OF ARMENIA” DRAWS TO AN END
The first session of the Pan-Armenian Conference of Political Scientists and International Relations Experts on “The Challenges of the 21st Century and the Security Issues of Armenia” organized by the RA Ministry of Diaspora has drawn to an end. The topic of the first session was “Challenges facing Armenia in the globalizing world”.
19.11.2012PAN-ARMENIAN CONFERENCE OF POLITICAL SCIENTISTS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS EXPERTS ON “CHALLENGES OF THE 21ST CENTURY AND THE SECURITY ISSUES OF ARMENIA” KICKS OFF
On November 19, the RA Ministry of Diaspora launched the Pan-Armenian Conference of Political Scientists and International Relations Experts on “Challenges of the 21st Century and the Security Issues of Armenia” at the RA National Academy of Sciences.
19.11.2012EUROPE: REINTEGRATION OR ANOTHER REVISION OF THE BORDERS
On September 27, 2012 the parliament of Catalonia, which is part of Spain, took a decision, according to which, alongside with the early parliamentary elections, referendum on independence will be held.
13.11.2012EU OFFICIALS: WE WERE HACKED DURING CONFERENCE ON INTERNET SECURITY IN AZERBAIJAN
A European official says her staff members were hacked when they joined her for a conference on Internet security in Azerbaijan. European Commission Vice President Neelie Kroes said in a blog post Saturday that her advisers’ computers were compromised as they attended a meeting of the Internet Governance Forum in Baku, the Azeri capital.
13.11.2012THE OBAMA CAMPAIGN’S TECHNOLOGY IS A FORCE MULTIPLIER
By STEVE LOHR
Technology doesn't win political campaigns, but it certainly is a weapon -- a force multiplier, in military terms.Both sides in the presidential contest mined click-stream data as never before to target messages to potential voters.
06.11.2012IRAQ'S ENDLESS HUMANITARIAN CRISIS
By Irena L. Sargsyan
Insurgencies and civil wars often gain attention in the United States only when waves of violence batter urban frontlines abroad. But once the combat ends and the cameras go home, interest here swiftly recedes. Yet, the lingering effects of the fighting—particularly on human capital—have profound strategic implications for the stability, democracy and prosperity of a state emerging from war.
24.10.2012THE ARMENIAN EVANGELICAL COMMUNITIES IN THE MIDDLE EAST
Currently there are Armenian Evangelical communities in 6 countries in the Middle East – in Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Turkey, Iran and Egypt.
16.10.2012AZERBAIJAN: BRIBERY ALLEGATIONS HIT HEADLINES
A video ostensibly showing a member of Azerbaijan’s parliament asking for a bribe has caused a rare public scandal around the issue of corruption.
On September 20, Elshad Abdullayev, formerly rector of the Azerbaijan International University, told journalists that politician Gular Ahmadova had demanded two million manats (around 2.5 million US dollars) to secure him a seat in parliament.
16.10.2012IRANIAN CRISIS AND “IMMEDIATE” DETERRENCE IN THE KARABAKH CONFLICT
The Iranian nuclear programme and persisting crisis in the relations of Iran with many western countries, and first of all with the U.S. and Israel, seriously influence political processes in the region as well. In some cases it is also considered as a catalyst of many regional conflicts.
04.10.2012PEACE SHOULD REFLECT THE OUTCOME OF THE WAR
American think tanks are one of the main factors influencing Washington’s foreign policy and they have predetermined the character of the activity of the US on the international arena. But analytical centers are given less consideration than confronting lobbyist groups, inter-partisan disagreements and competition between the wings of the authorities.
01.10.2012HACKER ATTACKS AGAINST ARMENIAN SEGMENT OF THE WEB: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
The Azerbaijani and Turkish hacker groups continue to constitute menace to the Armenian segment of the Internet. Hackers regularly arrange attacks on Armenian web sites. Emails and social network profiles of the individuals are also being hacked.
27.09.2012SIGNIFICANCE OF NUCLEAR ENERGY FOR ARMENIA
In the years to come building of a new power generating unit of Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant will be one of the main political and economic challenges for Armenia. The power generating unit, which will cost about $5 billion, will be most expensive and most important economic programme in the history of the Republic of Armenia, and its significance should be considered not only in economic but in political aspect either.
24.09.2012PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS: GEORGIA AHEAD OF THE CONTROVERSIAL EVENT
This autumn Georgia will face serious political challenge – regular and very important parliamentary elections will be held. On August 1, 2012 the president of Georgia Mikhail Saakashvili appointed the day of parliamentary elections. According to law they should be held in 60 days, i.e. on October 1.
18.09.2012SYRIAN CRISIS AND IRAN
At the end of August Iran stated that its armed forces were participating in the civil war in Syria. “We are involved in all kinds of combat actions [in Syria]”, stated general Salar Abnush – the commander of “Sahib al-Amr” unit of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution – at his meeting with the journalists.
13.09.2012FRENCH-ARMENIANS SHOULD WELCOME ALIYEV IN PARIS AS ‘CHIEF HATCHET MAN’
By Harut Sassounian
When Pres. Ilham Aliyev arrives in Paris on September 18, thousands of French-Armenians should greet Azerbaijan’s leader with posters depicting him as ‘Hatchet Man-in-Chief’ -- ‘Bash Baltaji’ -- holding a bloody axe. Interestingly, in all three languages -- Azeri, Hungarian, and Turkish -- ‘balta’ means hatchet or axe.
06.09.2012ACTIVITY OF THE ARMENIAN EVANGELICALS IN ARTSAKH
Artsakh has been a stage for the activity of the Armenian Evangelicals for about two hundred years. In both pre-Soviet and post-Soviet periods the Evangelicals played and still play considerable role there.
05.09.2012HUNGARIAN/AZERI SCANDAL VINDICATES ARTSAKH’S QUEST FOR INDEPENDENCE
By Harut Sassounian
Armenians worldwide are outraged by Pres. Aliyev’s pardon following the Hungarian government’s release of Ramil Safarov -- an axe-wielding Azeri Lieutenant who hacked to death Armenian officer Gurgen Margarian in his sleep, while attending a 2004 NATO course in Budapest.
03.09.2012THE GROUNDS OF INTER-CONFESSIONAL COOPERATION IN THE DIASPORA
Arestakes Simavoryan, Vahram Hovyan
One of the main goals of the study of the different confessional segments of the Armeniancy is the revelation of the efficient mechanisms of consolidation of the national potential.
03.09.2012TIME FOR ACTION: SYRIAN-ARMENIANS NEED YOUR URGENT ASSISTANCE
By Harut Sassounian
There has been too much talk about the tragic crisis in Syria by self-described analysts and experts who have managed to spread misinformation, while inadvertently jeopardizing the safety of the Armenian community.
02.08.2012SOME ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF MILITARY AND POLITICAL SITUATION ROUND THE NAGORNO-KARABAKH CONFLICT
Currently military and political situation round Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is mainly characterized by a general influence of the following factors: Combat readiness and fighting capacity of the armed forces of the conflicting parties, sustaining of the acceptable balance of offensive/defensive arms between them...
30.07.2012DEVELOPMENTS OF ARMENIA’S SEGMENTS OF THE INTERNET
Over the last years the Armenian segment of the world web shot up dramatically. An unprecedented increase in numbers of users brought to the situation when Armenia took leading positions among the CIS countries.
26.07.2012 “IT IS NECESSARY TO RAISE ENERGY EFFICIENCY”, - says the deputy head of the Center for Political Studies of “Noravank” Foundation Sergei SARGSYAN in his interview to “Golos Armenii”
- Mr. Sargsyan, how do you assess the condition of the energy security of Armenia? What is the role of “Armrosgazprom” in its ensuring?
17.07.2012DEMOGRAPHICS IN INFORMATION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE: SOUTH CAUCASUS
Currently South Caucasus region is in an ongoing information and psychological warfare. One of its characteristics is the systematic misrepresentation of demographic statistics and wide use of distorted data to carry out psychological warfare.
12.07.2012ABOUT THE EDUCATIONAL PROBLEMS OF TURKEY’S ARMENIANCY
Education has always had a great importance in the Armenian lives; around the world, Armenians have founded and developed their national schools. Armenian community of Istanbul (called Bolis by Western Armenians) also traditionally valued education and it was no mere chance that by the end of the 19th century there were 90 Armenian schools in Bolis, of which 40 community-based and 50 private ones.
09.07.2012US SUPREME COURT MAY HEAR FIRST EVER ARMENIAN GENOCIDE-RELATED LAWSUIT
By Harut Sassounian
For the first time, a lawsuit indirectly involving the Armenian Genocide is being appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court. Since its initial filing in 2003, various federal courts have taken conflicting positions on this lawsuit.
03.07.2012THE EUROPEAN UNION: NEW TENDENCIES
The European Union, which includes 27 countries and has population of over 500 million, is the biggest economy in the world (at current prices the GDP of the EU is $16.4 trillion, which constitutes 28% of the world GDP). At the same time this union has appeared in rather difficult political and economic situation.
28.06.2012ON THE REGIONAL POLICY OF IRAN
The passed parliamentary elections in Iran which fortified political stability in the country after the 2009 elections, created fertile ground for Tehran to stir up regional policy.
25.06.2012TRANS-CASPIAN GAS PIPELINE: GOALS, PROBLEMS AND RISKS
At the end of his visit to Baku in November 2011 the Special Envoy of the United States Secretary of State for Eurasian Energy Richard Morningstar stated that the US would support any pipeline within the framework of the South gas corridor but it would be better to begin from a small pipeline which would be expanded later.
18.06.2012LATIN RITE ROMAN CATHOLICS OF ARMENIAN DESCENT IN SYRIA
The article discusses the Latin Catholic proselytism that took place starting the late 19th century in northwestern regions of Syria with dense Armenian population, the conditions and methods of spreading the Latin rite Roman Catholic faith...
14.06.2012ISLAMIC FACTOR IN THE FOREIGN POLICY OF TURKEY
Recently the intelligence service of Israel – Mossad – presented to the cabinet of Benjamin Netanyahu a report on the situation and possible developments in Syria.
11.06.2012REALITY OF TBILISI: ON ARMENIAN-GEORGIAN CONTRADICTIONS
Last year “Internews Georgia” organization has carried out monitoring of tolerance and human rights issues in local media. They studied the number and content of publications on ethnic and religious (as well as sexual) minorities in printed media.
07.06.2012THE ARMENIAN EVANGELICAL COMMUNITY OF FRANCE
Besides the Armenian Apostolic and Catholic communities in France there is also Armenian Evangelical community. The establishment of the Armenian Evangelical community of France was conditioned by the same factors as the establishment of other Armenian communities.
04.06.2012THE ARMENIAN COMMUNITY IN GREECE AT THIS STAGE
The number of the members of the Armenian community in Greece in the 20th century fluctuated. In 1923 it reached its peak (120 thousand people), which was conditioned by the mass migration of the Armenians to that country caused by the Armenian pogroms in 1890s, the Armenian Genocide in 1915 and Greek-Turkish war (1919-1922).
29.05.2012ON MANIFESTATIONS OF SELF-ORGANIZATION OF THE ARMENIANS IN TURKEY
Over the recent years new processes, which has been developing in rather interesting way, can be observed among the Armenians in Turkey who has appeared in rather difficult situation.
24.05.2012CHRISTIANS IN TODAY’S TURKEY (Protestants and Catholics)
In February global mass media spread information that German Via Dolorosa Christian Union summoned Christians of the world to boycott Turkish “Fatih 1453” film, which, in fact, was anti-Christian.
22.05.2012HOW SHOULD THE DIASPORA REACT TO NEW TURKISH OVERTURES?
By Harut Sassounian
I have been informed by reliable sources that Turkey’s Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutogluis continuing his efforts to initiate a personal ‘dialog’ with the Diaspora on Armenian-Turkish issues. Earlier this month, Davutoglu met with Armenian-Americans, as follow up to the meetings he held in Washington last March.
18.05.2012RHODE ISLAND LEGISLATURE CALLS FOR US TO RECOGNIZE KARABAKH
By Khatchig Mouradian
The Rhode Island House passed a resolution today calling on the U.S. President and Congress to recognize the independence of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic.
17.05.2012THE IMAGE OF THE INTERNET USER IN ARMENIA
A number of the Internet users in Armenia have risen sharply for the recent three years. According to the latest data, for June 2011 Internet is available to 796550 people, i.e. 47.1% of 2 million 967 thousand population of Armenia.
14.05.2012THE ISSUE OF THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE AND MODERN TENDENCIES OF TURKEY’S POLICY
As it is known struggle against the international recognition of the Armenian Genocide takes an important place on the foreign political agenda of Turkey. On the threshold of 2015 Turkey mobilizes all its old methods and adds new ones in both foreign and domestic policy.
10.05.2012BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS IN AZERBAIJAN
Availability of distinct information about enemy’s armed forces and particularly about weapons of mass destruction is very important in military and political conflicts.
A number of processes on domestic (national), regional and global levels rise inclination of Turkey for the creation of the nuclear capabilities of its own.
03.05.2012TURKISH FACTOR IN “LEVIATHAN” AND “APHRODITE” ENERGY “WARS”
Finding vast reserves of natural gas in the eastern Mediterranean has turned this region into a stage of new energy and political contradictions.
26.04.2012TURKISH NUCLEAR THREAT
Proliferation of nuclear and mass destruction weapons is the most topical issue of the global security today. The researches, carried out back in the middle of the 20th century, come to prove that usage of the mass destruction weapons brings to the global catastrophe.
19.04.2012THE RELATIONS BETWEEN DIFFERENT RELIGIOUS AND CONFESSIONAL SEGMENTS OF THE ARMENIANCY AND THE ISSUES OF THEIR CONSOLIDATION
In the current transitional period of the multi-polar world civilizational conflicts take place, with the globalized world being formed in parallel.
17.04.2012TWO FACES OF TURKEY: VENEER OF GENTILITY MASKING RUTHLESSNESS
By Harut Sassounian
When Turkey’s Foreign Minister met secretly with a group of Armenians in Washington last month, he wooed them with his sly smile and sugar-coated words. This was the fake facade of traditional Turkish diplomacy.
16.04.2012THE CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS OF ARMENIANCY IN THE RELIGIOUS DIMENSION
Over the history of the Armenian people, along with the political and state-related issues the religious, ecclesial and theological ones were among the most discussed and analyzed problems.
12.04.2012THE STUDY OF THE ISSUE OF ISLAMIZED ARMENIANS IN TURKEY: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS
In the Armenian reality the issue of the forcibly Islamized Armenians has drawn the attention of the experts and general public in different periods.
10.04.2012ON TURKEY’S NUCLEAR CLAIMS
In April a visit of the Turkish prime-minister Recep Tayip Erdogan to Beijing where a Chinese-Turkish agreement on “Peaceful use of the Nuclear Energy” will be concluded is expected.
06.04.2012INTERVALS OF UNCERTAINTY OF ECONOMY
Ashot A. Tavadyan
The interval methods of the relationship systematization of economy’s indicators are developed in the book of Dr., Sci., Professor A.A. Tavadyan. The principle of correspondence of the system of price and natural indicators is established.
05.04.2012100th ISSUE OF “HANRAPETAKAN”
Since March 2003 100th issue of the official periodical of the Republican Party of Armenia – “Hanrapetakan” journal – has been published; it is, in fact an ideological successor of “Hanrapetakan” monthly which had been published in 1990s.
03.04.2012THE ARMENIAN LIBRARY AND ARCHIVE IN GERMANY: MEETING THE CHALLENGES OF THE 21st CENTURY
This year UNESCO declared Yerevan as the World Book Capital, based on 500- year anniversary of Armenian printing (1512-2012). Meanwhile, the German-Armenians´ Central Council announced 2012 as the Armenian library and archive establishment year in Germany.
02.04.2012ARMENIA AND CHINA—CASE FOR A SPECIAL PARTNERSHIP
By Simon Saradzhyan
This article will take stock of the Armenian-Chinese relations to discern whether Yerevan has been effective in its response to the ongoing rise of the Middle Kingdom as the two countries prepare to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations this April.
29.03.2012BAKU SUMMONS POPULATION OF IRAN FOR CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE
The Ministry of National Security of Azerbaijan has stated recently about arrest of a group of terrorists who were allegedly planning assassination of foreign diplomats in Baku.
22.03.2012POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN IRAN AND POSSIBLE IRAN-US COLLISION
Parliamentary elections held on March 2 and presidential elections in 2013 in Iran are of great importance not only for domestic political life of the Islamic Republic of Iran but they may also become an incitement for the military encounter between Iran and the US.
16.03.2012CLINTON SHOULD RESIGN FOR MAKING OFFENSIVE REMARKS ON ARMENIAN GENOCIDE
By Harut Sassounian
How many times can Secretary of State Hillary Clinton break her pledge and make insulting remarks on the Armenian Genocide before she is called a liar and forced to resign? Armenian-Americans are fed up with Mrs. Clinton and her boss Barack Obama who also has not kept his promises on the Armenian Genocide. And the problem transcends their views on the Armenian Genocide.
15.03.2012NEW MIDDLE EAST: REALITY AND PROSPECTS
The processes going round Syria and nuclear programme of Iran are the follow-up of the so-called “Arab spring”. At the same time, alongside the commonalities the “Syrian” processes have peculiarities, which were not characteristic of the victorious march of the Arab revolutions.
01.03.2012HOW TO COUNTER APPEALS COURT’S RULING AGAINST INSURANCE CLAIMS
By Harut Sassounian
The federal Court of Appeals issued a shocking decision last week. In a unanimous ruling, it struck down a California law that had allowed heirs of Armenian Genocide victims to sue life insurance companies for unpaid claims.
27.02.2012DEVELOPMENTS ROUND SYRIA
In the recent period a definite change of the stance of Russia on Syrian issue has been the most remarkable among the developments round that country.
23.02.2012BETWEEN A ROCK AND A HARD PLACE: THE ARMENIANS IN SYRIA
By Nanore Barsoumian
Two suicide car bombs targeting Syrian regional military and security headquarters shook Aleppo on Feb. 10, claiming 28 victims...
20.02.2012A FAILED PROJECT. DEVOTED TO THE 20TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE CIS
This year the 20th anniversary of establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States is marked.
16.02.2012BRYZA CONFESSES HIS LOVE FOR TURKEY, CONFIRMING HIS ANTI-ARMENIAN BIAS
By Harut Sassounian
It appears that my prediction about Matt Bryza leaving the State Department and working as a lobbyist is coming true.
Eduard L. Danielyan
The book is devoted to the past and the present of the Gandzasar monastery and its significance in the history of the Armenian Apostolic Church.
13.02.2012IN AFGHANISTAN, A SOVIET PAST LIES IN RUINS
By Graham Bowley
As poignant in its imperial ambition as in its otherworldliness, the Soviet-era swimming pool atop Swimming Pool Hill here is as good a symbol as any of the doubtful legacy of empires.
09.02.2012DEVELOPMENTS AROUND IRAN
Though in prior years, tension around Iran – intensifying and weakening, was not considered to be unusual, over the recent period it can be observed that the developments concerning the Southern neigbour of Armenia has changed their character.
06.02.2012ARMENIAN EVANGELICAL COMMUNITY IN URUGUAY
The Evangelical Armenians take special place in the Armenian community of 15 thousand in Uruguay.
02.02.2012FRANCE SHOULDN’T ALLOW TURKEY TO MEDDLE IN ITS DOMESTIC AFFAIRS
By Harut Sassounian
For nearly a century, Turkey’s leaders have tried to hide the monstrous crime of the Armenian Genocide by covering up what really took place in the killing fields of the Syrian desert, then part of the Ottoman Empire.
01.02.2012TURKEY DROPS HEAVILY IN PRESS FREEDOM RANKINGS
Turkey drops dramatically in press freedom rankings in 2011, losing 10 places to be 148th out of 178 countries.
30.01.2012ARMENIA IS BECOMING VULNERABLE TO CYBER-ATTACKS
An unprecedented upsurge of the number of Internet users has been observed in Armenia for recent one or two years and it is conditioned by both slashing of the prices for Internet connection and the fact that computers and mobile devices became more affordable.
26.01.2012IRAN AND DEVELOPMENTS IN SYRIA
Today Iran experiences one of the gravest consequences of the “Arab spring”: the anti-governmental movement, which started in Syria in spring, more and more resembles civil war and president B. Assad is losing his ground.
23.01.2012NOT TIME TO ATTACK IRAN
By Colin H. Kahl
In Time to Attack Iran (January/February 2012), Matthew Kroenig takes a page out of the decade-old playbook used by advocates of the Iraq war.
19.01.2012THE AGE OF SOCIAL NETWORKS: CHANGES IN THE INFORMATION FIELD
The prevalence of social networks on the Internet and in the media space in general causes even more drastic changes of the information environment.
17.01.2012WHAT ARE THE MAJOR GLOBAL ISSUES THAT WILL DEFINE 2012?
Jessica T. Mathews
Jessica Tuchman Mathews is president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the global think tank with headquarters in Washington, D.C., and offices in Moscow, Beijing, Brussels, and Beirut.
16.01.2012ARMENIAN SCHOOLS IN TBILISI: THE END OF THE STORY
The most important sphere regarding the issues connected with the Armenians from Tbilisi is the education.
13.01.2012MEMORIES DIM OF ARMENIA'S SOVIET PAST
By Gayane Mkrtchyan, Naira Melkumyan
While younger people have little conception of life under communist rule, some Armenians miss the positive things lost after the Soviet collapse. Two decades have passed since the Soviet flag was lowered over Armenia, but Sedrak Mkhitaryan’s hands still shake when he brings out the red flags and Lenin medals he treasures from the glory days of communism.
12.01.2012AZERBAIJAN AND OBAMA SUFFER SETBACKS AS AMB. BRYZA’S SERVICE IS CUT SHORT
By Harut Sassounian
As a result of successive political blunders by the Obama administration, Matthew Bryza was forced to abandon his ambassadorial post in Azerbaijan last week. Pres. Obama ignored repeated warnings that the candidate he was nominating as Ambassador to Azerbaijan in May 2010 had serious flaws. Members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee accused Bryza of having a pro-Azerbaijani bias and questionable ties to Azeri officials.
11.01.20128 GEOPOLITICALLY ENDANGERED SPECIES
By Zbigniew Brzezinski
With the decline of America's global preeminence, weaker countries will be more susceptible to the assertive influence of major regional powers.India and China are rising, Russia is increasingly imperially minded, and the Middle East is growing ever more unstable.
By Zbigniew Brzezinski
Not so long ago, a high-ranking Chinese official, who obviously had concluded that America's decline and China's rise were both inevitable, noted in a burst of candor to a senior U.S. official: "But, please, let America not decline too quickly."
09.01.2012CURRENT CONDITION OF THE ARMENIAN EVANGELICAL COMMUNITY IN RUSSIA
The Evangelical Armenians take special place among the Armenians living in Russia.
23.12.2011ERDOĞAN WARNS SARKOZY OF ‘GRAVE CONSEQUENCES’
Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan sent a letter today to French President Nicolas Sarkozy, warning of the "grave consequences" a French bill recognizing Armenian genocide claims would have on bilateral relations.
22.12.2011THE CLERICAL AND CHURCH ISSUES OF THE ARMENIAN CATHOLIC COMMUNITY IN RUSSIA
One of the confessional communities retrieved in the Diaspora over the recent century is the Armenian Catholic community in Russia. Its organizations take special place in Russia and it is an integral part of the Armeniancy of Russia. The history of the Armenian Catholic Community in Russia is rich in tragic pages in history.
19.12.2011US COURT TO RULE ON TURKISH BANKS’ MOTION TO DISMISS ARMENIAN LAWSUITS
By Harut Sassounian
Two separate lawsuits were filed last year in US Federal Court in Los Angeles against the Republic of Turkey and two of its major banks demanding compensation for properties confiscated from Armenians after the 1915 Genocide.
15.12.2011ON THE ISSUE OF FORMATION TWO EQUAL IN RIGHTS STATES ON THE TERRITORY OF THE FORMER AZERBAIJANI SSR
One of the most substantive and at the same time vital issues for the adequate presentation of the essence of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and ways of its long-term setting is the issue of formation of two states – Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR) and Azerbaijan Republic (AR) on the territory of the former Azerbaijani SSR.
13.12.2011THE BAVARIAN MINISTER OF CULTURE HONORS THE ARMENIAN SINGER
On November 20 in Munich, Bavaria, Germany, in the imperial hall of the royal residence the State Minister of Science, Scientific Research and Arts Dr. Wolfgang Heubisch handed the Bavarian award of encouraging arts to the gifted Armenian singer Harchuhi Bassenz for achieving significant success in her field.
12.12.2011ARMENIANS OF OTHER RELIGIONS AND CONFESSIONS: CHALLENGES AND POSSIBILITIES
International research and practical conference
On December 9-10, 2011 in “Picasso” Hall at Congress Hotel in Yerevan research and practical conference on “Armenians of Other Religions and Confessions: Challenges and Possibilities” was held. The conference was organized by the Ministry of Diaspora of Armenia, “The Hyksos” Foundation and “Noravank” Foundation.
08.12.2011THE ISSUE OF THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE IN THE TURKISH PARLIAMENT
It is known that the issue of the Armenian Genocide has it certain place on the Turkish political and academic agendas, and the “academic” circles work by the order of the state.
05.12.2011ON REGIONAL ENERGY DEVELOPMENTS
Over the recent period the developments around the implementation of the regional energy projects, in particular around building of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline and profound disagreements, which emerged in the Russian-Turkish energy issues, stirred up.
01.12.2011TENSION ROUND IRAN
On November 4, 2011 the president of Israel Shimon Peres made a statement that in the solution of the Iranian issue the Jewish state was tending towards the military option.
28.11.2011TURKEY SEEKS TO MONOPOLIZE INVESTMENTS IN AMERICAN INDIAN TRIBAL LANDS
By Harut Sassounian
In a few weeks, when high-priced Turkish lobbying firms file their mandatory reports with the Justice Department, important revelations will emerge about their behind the scenes role in pushing through Congress a bill which would give Turkish companies a monopoly for investments in American Indian tribal lands.
17.11.2011ON SOME TENDENCIES OF CONTEMPORARY TURKISH HISTORIOGRAPHY
For many decades Turkey has been struggling against the recognition of the Armenian Genocide not only on political but also on academic levels.
10.11.2011GEOPOLITICAL MEANING OF THE US ANTI-BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENCE
On September 14, 2011 in Ankara the deputy-Minister of Foreign Affairs Feridun Sinirlioglu and the US Ambassador to Turkey Francis Richardson signed a memorandum on deployment of radar in Turkey.
07.11.2011ARMENIAN COMMUNITY IN BULGARIA
Number and geographic diversion – The Armenian community in Bulgaria includes representatives of both the traditional Armenian Diaspora – the Armenians who appeared in Bulgaria before and in consequence of the Genocide – and “modern” Diaspora – those who migrated from the Republic of Armenia in consequence of difficult social and economic situation.
31.10.2011EDUCATIONAL ISSUES OF THE ARMENIAN COMMUNITY IN CZECH REPUBLIC
The Armenian community in Czech Rep. was established in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Today the number of the Armenians in Czech Rep. is about 10 thousand.
27.10.2011DEVELOPMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, INNOVATIONS AND CREATIVITY IN THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROSPECT
Knowledge has been a basic value in all cultures and at all times. In modern societies, which are called information, the connection between knowledge and social processes has become direct and tangible.
24.10.201196 YEARS LATER, TURKEY STILL PAYS A PRICE FOR GENOCIDE DENIAL
By Harut Sassounian
Almost a century after the fact, the Republic of Turkey continues to be disgraced for its persistent denial of the Armenian Genocide.
20.10.2011THREE PRINCIPLES, SIX GUIDELINES AND “STATUS-QUO” IN THE KARABAKH CONFLICT SETTELEMENT
The process of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict settlement is going through one of the most intensive stages. It is more correct to speak about the intensification than about stirring up...
19.10.2011THE ARBITRAL AWARD BY US PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON ON TURKISH- ARMENIAN BOUNDARY (NOV. 22, 1920) - FULL REPORT
On October 6, 2011 at Rutgers University (the State University of New Jersey) the presentation of a book “The Arbitral Award by US President Woodrow Wilson on Turkish- Armenian Boundary (Nov. 22, 1920) - Full Report” by Ara Papyan took place.
18.10.2011NICOLAS SARKOZY GIVES TURKEY TILL YEAREND TO RECOGNIZE GENOCIDE
On the sidelines of his visit to Armenia, French President Nicolas Sarkozy visited Tsitsernakaberd Armenian Genocide Memorial, where he addressed the issue of 1915 massacres in Ottoman Empire.
17.10.2011CATHOLIC ARMENIANS IN POLAND
Today the generations of Armenians, who have been converted to other confessions for centuries, live in the countries of Eastern Europe – Romania, Hungary, Poland.
13.10.2011TURKEY IN THE US MISSILE DEFENCE SYSTEM: PRIMARY ASSESSMENT AND POSSIBLE PROSPECTS
The US signed a memorandum with Romania and Turkey (on September 13 and 14 correspondingly) on SM-3 (Standard Missile-3) ABM systems deployment at the Deveselu air base in Romania and deployment of AN/TPY-2 radar (old name FBR-T - Forward Based Radar -Transportable), which acquires, identifies and tracks ballistic missiles in the active phase of their flight, on Turkish territory.
12.10.2011“THE BEST TREATISE OF THE YEAR” ANNUAL CONTEST
The vice-dean of the Faculty of the Oriental Studies at YSU, Associate Professor and senior expert at “Noravank” Foundation Ruben Melkonyan (Cand. Sc. (Philology) was pronounced a winner in the nomination “Oriental Studies” at “The Best Treatise of the Year” annual contest arranged by the World Armenian Congress and National Academy of Science of Armenia.
10.10.2011AMERICAN, TURKISH AND ARMENIAN UNIVERSITIES PARTICIPATE IN JOINT TOURISM PROJECT
By Taniel Koushakjian
A joint tourism project between the United States, Turkey and Armenia has been actively working to foster greater cooperation and integration between the three countries and between Armenia and Turkey in particular.
06.10.2011ON MODERN TENDENCIES IN TURKISH ETHNIC POLICY
In both the Ottoman Empire and Turkish Republic ethnic orientation in domestic policy took an important place.
03.10.2011VISIT TO NAKHICHEVAN SHOWS WHY ARMENIANS CAN NEVER AGAIN LIVE UNDER AZERI RULE
By Harut Sassounian
Scottish researcher Steven Sim reported about his troubling experiences in Nakhichevan, a historic Armenian territory now occupied by Azerbaijan.
29.09.2011TURKISH-ISRAELI CONTRADICTIONS TRANSFORM INTO CONFRONTATION
On September 9 the Israeli mass media reported that a working group headed by Avigdor Libermann, the vice-prime-minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, was established...
26.09.2011IRAN: DOMESTIC POLITICAL AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENTS
The atmosphere in which the domestic political developments proceeded in Iran during the summer months was not as tense as compared with the first half of the 2011 though some rearrangements can be observed in the domestic political life of the country.
20.09.2011NEW STATEHOOD AND NEW CHALLENGES
Geopolitical shifts at the beginning of the 20th century (World War I, revolution of 1917, collapse of the Russian and Ottoman Empires) turned out to be ordeal for Armenia – the Genocide and loss of the Western Armenia.
19.09.2011MOBILE CIVIL JOURNALISM: OPPORTUNITIES AND PROBLEMS
A parallel development of social media and mobile technologies caused serious changes in the information field.
15.09.2011FORECASTS ON TURKEY’S FUTURE
Great Russian writer and thinker Fyodor Dostoevsky going into the heart of the Eastern issue wrote in his diaries: “Once, not long ago, strange thing appeared in the foreign press; in ardent, almost fantastic way they were imagining what would happen with the whole world if Turkey is fully annihilated and put back to Asia”.
14.09.2011JEAN BAUDRILLARD - THE SPIRIT OF TERRORISM
We have had many global events from Diana's death to the World Cup, or even violent and real events from wars to genocides.
08.09.2011TURKEY CAN RUN, BUT CAN’T HIDE FROM THE LONG ARM OF US LAW
By Harut Sassounian
World heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis once warned one of his opponents: "You can run, but you can’t hide." This same warning now applies to the Turkish government and two of its major banks.
05.09.2011ARMENIA AT THE INTERSECTION OF THE INTERESTS OF THE MILITARY AND POLITICAL BLOCKS
The declaration of the intentions to intensify the works on NATO’s renovated Individual Partnership Action Plan (IPAP) sounded during the visit of a new NATO Secretary General’s Special Representative for the Caucasus and Central Asia James Appathurai made against the background of carrying over the announced CSTO Collective Rapid Reaction Forces’ maneuvers in Armenia on 2012...
01.09.2011THE DYNAMICS AND TENDENCY OF THE RELATIONS BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA AND THE US: CONCEPTUAL ANALYSIS
Foreign-policy relations with the key actors of the global politics constantly demand conceptual reconsideration and adjustment depending on the emerging regional conjuncture and global processes.
31.08.2011ERDOGAN INADVERTENTLY PUBLICIZES ARMENIAN TERRITORIAL CLAIMS FROM TURKEY
By Harut Sassounian
Turkish Prime Minister Recep Erdogan's hysterical outburst at Armenia’s President last week had the salutary effect of publicizing to a worldwide audience Armenian territorial demands from Turkey!
28.07.2011DEVELOPMENTS AMONG THE ASSIMILATED ARMENIANS IN TURKEY: DYARBAKIR
The city of Dyarbakir, where many Armenians used to live, today also plays rather remarkable role in Turkey in the context of the development of the ethnic identity.
27.07.2011CONGRESSIONAL PANEL URGES TURKEY TO RETURN CHURCH PROPERTIES TO CHRISTIANS
By Harut Sassounian
The House Foreign Affairs Committee adopted a strongly-worded measure on July 20, pressing Turkey to return all Christian church properties "to their rightful owners."
25.07.2011“ARAB SPRING” AND RUSSIA
The American and European expert circles has already began presenting their first general analyses of what the “Arab spring” gave to the West and to what extent the current dynamics is in tune with the strategic interests of the American and European powers.
21.07.2011POLITICAL PROCESSES IN IRAN: IDEOLOGICAL STRUGGLE
Though the speculations about possible revolution in Iran stirred up after the 2009 presidential elections and Arab revolutions, over the recent 6 years really revolutionary changes has taken place in the domestic political and public life in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
14.07.2011WASHINGTON POST’S VIEW OF ARTSAKH
In a series of articles in the Washington Post, reporter Will Englund puts the Karabakh conflict into perspective.
11.07.2011NAGORNO-KARABAKH BALANCES BETWEEN PEACE AND WAR
By Haykaram Nahapetyan
Despite an agreement among the U.S., Russian and French presidents at the G-8 summit in Deauville, France, that it is time for a peaceful settlement to the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan and Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev failed to make much progress when they met in Kazan, Russia, last week.
07.07.2011THE MODERN ISSUES OF THE CIRCASSIANS IN TURKEY
The Ottoman Empire was multi-national and multi-ethnic state where, however, non-Turk nations were obliged to renounce their identity and to Turkishize.
30.06.2011NEW SITUATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST
At the end of May the Minister of Defence of Israel Ehud Barak made a statement which drew the attention of the experts dealing with the Middles East issues at once.
27.06.2011POLITICAL PROCESSES IN IRAN
When on May 1 the president of Iran returned to work after a 10-days break and made a statement that the state bodies must follow the guidelines of the spiritual authorities, there was an impression that the president of Iran smoothed the contradictions with the spiritual class of Iran and that the political crisis in Iran was gradually being settled.
23.06.2011THE POLITICAL IMPLICATION OF THE TURKISH-GEORGIAN “CULTURAL” DIALOGUE
Recently the issue of poor condition of the cultural monuments on the territory of Turkey and Georgia and the necessity of their restoration has stirred up.
21.06.2011WHY PASS AN ARMENIAN GENOCIDE RESOLUTION FOR THE THIRD TIME?
By Harut Sassounian
A new Armenian Genocide resolution is being introduced in the House of Representatives this week. The first question is why Congress is being asked to pass a genocide resolution for the third time?
20.06.2011ON THE MODERN TENDENCIES IN THE “ARMENIAN POLICY” OF TURKEY
Turkish political machinery periodically adjusts its “Armenian policy” but its essence still remains the same. The ongoing developments come to prove that Turkey tries to use in regard to Armenia and Armeniacy new tactical methods.
16.06.2011DEVELOPMENTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND KURDS
The Arab revolutions and developments conditioned by them sidelined a number of factors which have played an important role in the Middle East politics.
13.06.2011DEVELOPMENTS IN IRAN
The domestic developments in Iran have essentially stirred up. The contradictions between spiritual leader of the country Ali Khamenei and the president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad became apparent for the public.
09.06.2011ON THE ISSUES OF THE CATHOLICS ARMENIAN
For decades the developments which has taken place in the life of the Armenians in Turkey has also impacted the Catholic Armenian community in Turkey.
06.06.2011“FROZEN CONFLICT” BETWEEN AZERBAIJAN AND ARMENIA BEGINS TO BOIL
By Ellen Barry
BAKU, Azerbaijan — In a mostly empty Soviet-era building here on a recent morning, a 29-year-old woman pressed her eye against the scope of a sniper rifle, brown hair spilling over her shoulder, and took aim at virtual commandos darting between virtual trees.
02.06.2011CALIFORNIA TO EXTEND UNTIL 2016 DEADLINE TO SUE INSURANCE COMPANIES
By Harut Sassounian
Eleven years ago, the California Legislature extended until the end of 2010, the deadline for filing lawsuits against insurance companies that had failed to pay benefits to heirs of Armenian Genocide victims.
27.05.2011ANALYTICAL CENTERS IN AZERBAIJAN
Diana Galstyan, Varujean Geghamyan
In developed countries the so-called Think Tanks (TT) play important role in making decisions on state and social levels.
26.05.2011COUNCIL OF EUROPE NOT DECEIVED BY ERDOGAN’S DOUBLE-TALK
By Harut Sassounian
Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan made an embarrassing appearance before the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) last month. Erdogan was invited to the podium after lavish praise by Mevlut Cavusoglu...
23.05.2011CONTENT ANALYSIS AS A METHODOLOGY OF THE STUDY OF MEDIA-TEXTS
The way of expression of thoughts (ideas) usually has a kind of settled characteristic which on the one hand characterizes the author or source and on the other hand it becomes his style.
18.05.2011REFLECTING THE EVENTS OF THE AFRICAN CONTINENT IN THE MIRROR OF THE GREAT GAME
Sergey Grinyaev, Gagik Harutyunyan
The beginning of 2010 was marked by an onset of a series of powerful transformational processes on the African continent. The majority of the “civilized world” re-discovered Africa after the 2010 FIFA World Cup in Johannesburg, which attracted not only tourists...
16.05.2011RUSSIAN-ARMENIAN COOPERATION AND TURKISH FACTOR
Armenian-Russian cooperation (which has stirred up after the meeting of the presidents S. Sargsyan and D. Medvedev in August 2010) has several strategic planes.
12.05.2011IRAN, SHIITE FACTOR AND DEVELOPMENTS IN THE ARAB WORLD
The revolutionary movement which has been initiated in the Arab world has no tendency to subside; this, in its turn, has stirred up the struggle between regional and international powers, In particular, for Iran those processes has special significance...
10.05.2011SOCIAL NETWORKS IN THE ARMENIAN SEGMENT OF THE INTERNET
The Armenian social networks has recently had greater impact on the formation of the information fields on the Internet and not only. Alongside with the growth of the number of the social network users in the republic the influence of the social networks also increases.
10.05.2011SARKOZY JOINS OBAMA IN DECEIT: NEITHER SHOULD BE REELECTED IN 2012
By Harut Sassounian
Armenians in France and the United States have a common challenge in 2012: To do everything in their power to block reelection of their deceptive presidents. Neither Nicolas Sarkozy nor Barack Obama kept their promises to their respective Armenian constituents.
06.05.2011UNREST AROUND THE ARAB WORLD ENDANGERS TURKEY’S NEWFOUND INFLUENCE
By Anthony Shadid
Turkey faces a growing challenge from the tumult sweeping the Arab world to its booming economic stake in the region, newfound political influence and longstanding policy of permitting no problems to fester along its borders.
05.05.2011FOX-TV AIRS TWO INTERVIEWS ON THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE
FOX-TV (Los Angeles) invited this writer for a live in-studio interview on the Armenian Genocide for two consecutive days. The first, lasting 5 minutes, took place on April 24, during the TV station’s evening news program. The second, lasting over 6 minutes, took place on April 25, during the Good Day LA Show. Below are excerpts from both interviews:
The efficient activity of our political elite assumes adequate expert service. In particular, political leadership must have an opportunity to receive from the expert community the elaborations concerning:
28.04.2011CRISIS IN LIBYA AND REGIONAL DIPLOMACY OF TURKEY
On April 8 the prime-minister of Turkey Recep Tayip Erdogan stated that his country is elaborating the programme on cessation of the hostilities in Libya...
28.04.2011TURKEY SPENDS FREELY AGAIN, AND SOME ANALYSTS WORRY
By LANDON THOMAS Jr.
Is Turkey’s booming economy ripe for a fall? It certainly looks that way. Stock brokers endure four-month waiting lists to pay as much as $150,000 for top-of-the-line Audis and BMWs — twice the manufacturers’ prices after taxes.
21.04.2011ARMENIAN PROTESTANT COMMUNITIES IN SOUTH AMERICA
Today alongside with the Armenian Apostolic and Catholic communities, the Armenian Protestant community exists in South America. In particular, there are the Armenian Protestant communities in Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay which are the integral part of the local Armeniancy.
20.04.2011SERJ TANKIAN TO JOIN L.A. ARMENIANS TO PROTEST AGAINST OBAMA ON APRIL 21
By Harut Sassounian
Armenian-Americans are offended that Pres. Obama is going to launch his reelection campaign in Los Angeles this week, on the eve of April 24, having failed to honor his solemn promise to acknowledge the Armenian Genocide.
18.04.2011NATO'S LAST MISSION? The military crisis in Libya highlights an existential crisis for NATO
By Fred Kaplan
Cries of alarm ring out from Italy, Qatar, Great Britain, and France that the NATO allies aren't doing enough to help the Libyan rebels stave off Muammar Qaddafi's troops and mercenaries.
18.04.2011ON TURKISH POLICY OF NEO-OTTOMANISM AND DEVELOPMENTS IN THE ARAB WORLD
Back in 2001 the current Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey Ahmed Davutoglu while analyzing regional and geopolitical interests and priorities of Turkey in “Strategic depth: Turkey’s International Position” published back in 2001, put forward a number of theoretical assessments and proposals.
14.04.2011ARMENIANS OF TBILISI: NEW REALITIES
The efforts of the current Georgian authorities directed to the nation building, gradually form new realities at once on three levels; firstly on regional level, secondly, for Georgia itself in its aspirations and prospects of turning into an nation state ...
13.04.2011THE WORLD IN 2050
In March 2006 we produced a report setting out projections for potential growth in GDP in 17 leading economies over the period to 2050. These projections were updated in March 2008 and we are now revisiting them again in the aftermath of the global financial crisis, extended now to cover all G20 economies.
07.04.2011BIGGEST MARKET RISK: MIDDLE EAST TURMOIL
By Hibah Yousuf
No one saw it coming. As champagne corks popped and confetti swirled to usher in 2011, most experts pointed to Europe's ongoing sovereign debt crisis as the market's biggest hurdle this year.
07.04.2011REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENTS IN ARAB WORLD AND ACCOMPANYING INFORMATION FLOWS
The processes in the Arab world are accompanied by large-scale, global information flows in which not only the larges world mass media are involved but also huge masses of social networks’ users which try to participate in the informational and propaganda confrontation.
04.04.2011DOMESTIC POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN IRAN
The Iranian opposition keeps expanding anti-governmental activity conditioned by the upcoming parliamentary elections in 2012 against the background of the developments in the Arab world.
29.03.2011ARMENIAN PROTESTANT COMMUNITY IN GEORGIA
The study of the Armenian Protestant community is distinguished in the context of study of both the issues of the Armenians in Georgia and Protestant (Evangelical) Armenians in general.
The 1st issue of “Strategy of development” («Стратегии развития») magazine for 2011 was published. The special edition is fully devoted to the material of “The Role of Russia in the South Caucasus” conference, held in Moscow on October 21st, 2010, on the initiative of the Regional Public Movement for the Promotion of the Russian-Armenian relations (president – Mher Simonyan).
25.03.2011ARMENIA-EGYPT: ARMENOLOGICAL BRIDGE
Eduard L. Danielyan
Armenology (“studying of the materials about the Armenian reality... as a theory about academic knowledge revealed in various fields, and peculiarities characteristic to Armenian reality, researched by appropriate disciplines with their own distinctive methods”)...
21.03.2011ON DILETTANTISM, PATRIOTISM AND GAS PRICES IN ARMENIA AND EUROPE
On February 16 Armenian “Zhamanak” daily issued an article by a certain Hrayr Manukyan on, in his opinion, shameful situation with gas prices in Armenia. In the article it is particularly mentioned that in 17 European countries chosen on random gas is 11 times cheaper than in Armenia.
17.03.2011INFORMATION POLICY OF THE AZERBAIJANI ARMENIAN-LANGUAGE TV CHANNELS
Anna Zhamakochyan, Diana Galstyan
Since October 2009 Azerbaijani propaganda obtained new mechanism by opening ATV International (ATV-INT) satellite TV channel which is broadcasting in four languages (Russian, Armenian, Iranian and English).
10.03.2011THE WEB TURNS INTO THE MAIN SOURCE OF INFORMATION
The Internet wins position on the information field in the world with an incredible pace. Printed media lose their grounds as a source of information and now television follows their example of losing the role of the main informer.
One of the prior purposes of the states and national formations is the comprehensive evaluation of the current situation and formation of definite ideas about future developments. Currently forecasts and scenarios, which has become an important component of the political culture, are in requisition in the leading countries
01.03.2011ISTANBUL ARMENIANS DOCUMENT VIOLATIONS OF MINORITY RIGHTS IN TURKEY
By Harut Sassounian
Two recent documents from Istanbul shed new light on violations of minority rights in Turkey. The authors of these reports make cautious, yet accurate assessments of the problems facing the Armenian, Greek and Jewish communities.
28.02.2011ARMENIAN VARTO CLAN IN EUROPE
During the Armenian Genocide a large Armenian clan, which was called Varto, after its leader Vardan and which inhabited Sirnak province, managed to escape the massacres and to shelter in mountains. After that this group of survived Armenians, isolating themselves from the rest of the world, began their struggle for survival which had lasted for several decades.
28.02.2011THREE QUESTIONS TURKEY’S AMBASSADOR WOULD NOT ANSWER...
By Harut Sassounian
Turkey’s Ambassador to the United States, Namik Tan, spoke at the University of Southern California’s Center on Public Diplomacy on February 16. His topic was: "Public Diplomacy: The Turkish Experience."
On 16.02.2011 the meeting of the RA Minister of Defence Seiran Ohanyan with the cultural and academic workers involved in “The Pages of History and Culture” program took place.
24.02.2011FUTURE OF THE MUSLIM POPULATION ON THE PLANET
In January 2011 American Pew Research Center issued “The Future of the Global Muslim Population” research. The research covers period from 1990 to 2030 and it regards to all the states and territories in the world. The main conclusion is that over those 40 years the number of the Muslims will double, rising from 1.1 billion (1990) to 2.2 billion (2030).
21.02.2011IRAN AND POLITICAL CRISIS IN EGYPT
The events which took place in Tunisia and especially in Egypt are significant for Iran. This may seriously change political situation and developments in Arab world, thus either endangering or strengthening regional and international positions of Iran.
18.02.2011POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE ASPECTS OF THE NAGORNO-KARABAKH CONFLICT SETTLEMENT ROADMAP AT CURRENT STAGE
The process of the Nagorno-Karabakh settlement has recently shown some kind of stalling and absence of any significant dynamics of positive development. Such a tendency has been boldly outlined after the well-known meeting of three presidents in Sochi on January 25, 2010.
14.02.2011«АСИММЕТРИЧНЫЕ УГРОЗЫ И КОНФЛИКТЫ НИЗКОЙ ИНТЕНСИВНОСТИ» (“Asymmetric Threats and Conflicts of Low Intensity” (in Russian))
The 9th issue of the Russian information and analytical magazine “Asymmetric Threats and Conflicts of Low Intensity” (in Russian) for 2010 was published. The founder of the magazine is the Center for the Analysis of Terroristic Threats.
14.02.2011POSSIBILITIES OF INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING IN NAGORNO-KARABAKH CONFLICT: MYTHS AND REALITIES
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is the only ethno-political conflict on the post-Soviet space where the stability and relative armistice on the frontline after the cease-fire has been preserved without any external assistance and peace-keeping contingents of the third parties or international organizations.
08.02.2011SHALE GAS GHOST
Unexpectedly for many, in 2008 the United States sharply revved up production of natural gas – on 7.5% or 41.7 billion m3, and left behind Russia which produced “only” 582 billion m3. Such a success was acquired by the US at the expense of shale gas production - gas in the shale stratum:
03.02.2011IRAN IN 2011: POSSIBLE DEVELOPMENTS
2011 will be important from the point of view of the social-economic and political development of Iran, as well as in the aspect of nuclear programme and foreign and domestic political developments.
31.01.2011TURKEY: ROUND THE ISSUE OF ETHNIC IDENTITY
The issue of the ethnic identity in Turkey takes an significant place not only in the public discussions but it is also gradually acquires more important place on the political agenda. In July 2010 oppositional Kurdish Peace and Democracy party made a proposal in the Great National Assembly of Turkey which aroused violent reaction in the Turkish political field.
27.01.2011GERMAN INSURANCE COMPANIES SHOULD STOP CHEATING THEIR ARMENIAN CLIENTS
By Harut Sassounian
German firms filed a petition for a rehearing by the full 9th Circuit Court of Appeals, after a panel of three judges of that court had ruled that heirs of Armenian Genocide victims could seek payment from life insurance companies operating in the Ottoman Empire.
25.01.2011SOUTHERN SUDAN: NEW STATE IN THE WORLD
Though the results of the referendum hold on January 9-15 in Southern Sudan will be published on February 6-14, today one can already speak about those results. The fact that the referendum was hold is much more important, because there is no doubt that the majority of the participants of the referendum voted for the independence of Southern Sudan.
20.01.2011ARMENIAN EVANGELICAL COMMUNITY IN EGYPT
The Armenian Evangelicals occupy special position in the Armenian community of Egypt – one of the key states in the Middle East. Despite smallness the Armenian Evangelical community in Egypt leads rather active life, which attracts attention of both expert community and academic circles.
19.01.2011TURKISH PRIME MINISTER SHOOTS HIMSELF IN THE FOOT AGAIN
By Harut Sassounian
Prime Minister Erdogan embarrasses himself and his government just about every time he opens his mouth! His angry statements, often bewildering and insulting, give Turkey a black eye internationally and provide fresh ammunition to his domestic opponents.
17.01.2011ON THE CYBER-SECURITY
In November 2010 new NATO Strategic Concept was adopted at the Lisbon summit. Paragraph 12 reads: “Cyber attacks are becoming more frequent, more organized and more costly in the damage that they inflict on government administrations, businesses, economies and potentially also transportation and supply networks and other critical infrastructure; they can reach a threshold that threatens national and Euro-Atlantic prosperity, security and stability.
10.01.2011ARMENIAN COMMUNITY IS STILL WAITING TO HEAR FROM CONGRESS
By Haykaram Nahapetyan
The “lame-ducking” Congress did not vote on H-Res 252 recognizing the period of systematic massacres of the Armenian people during the WW1 as genocide. On March 4th, it passed House Foreign Affairs Committee with 23 to 22 votes but speaker Nancy Pelosi did not bring the Armenian Genocide Resolution to the floor agenda, despite her initial pledge.
27.12.2010“THE NUMBER OF THE RECLAIMED ARMENIANS GROWS”
Among the various processes taking place in today’s Turkey the processes round the ethnic issues occupy rather unique and important place. In this very context the reconversion (reconversion to Christianity) and such a phenomenon as reclaiming the roots should be considered.
24.12.2010ARMENIAN CATHOLIC COMMUNITY IN RUSSIA
Records of the Catholic Armenians in Russia refer to the 18th century. Today on the territory of Russia Armenians are represented by three main confessions – Catholics, Protestants (Evangelicals) and adherents of the Armenian Apostolic Church. But in some regions there are Orthodox Armenians and in recent years there are also Lutheran Armenians.
23.12.2010ARMENIANS SUE TURKEY CLAIMING U.S. AIR BASE LAND
By Harut Sassounian
Over the years, Armenians have gradually shifted their attention from the recognition of the Genocide to the pursuit of legal remedies for their massive losses suffered between 1915 and 1923. Several lawsuits have been filed recently in U.S. Federal Courts against Western insurance companies and banks.
22.12.2010ARMENIANS DENOUNCE KOBE BRYANT DEAL WITH TURKISH AIRLINES
By Ivan Watson
The business deal looked fairly straightforward. Last week, American basketball star Kobe Bryant agreed to become the new celebrity face of Turkish Airlines, a growing international carrier. Though he has admitted to never having visited Turkey, the Los Angeles Lakers guard said in a news release that "Turkey is a country rich in natural beauty and thousands of years of cultural history, and I'm proud to partner with Turkish Airlines to bring that majesty to people around the world."
21.12.2010RUSSIA-TUKREY RELATIONS IN THE SPOTLIGHT OF THE US AND UN
Recent stirring up of Russian leadership in the European direction of the foreign policy course cannot be considered in the exclusively positive vein for the relations between Russia and European countries. Preserving, and according to some Russian experts, even intensification of vigilance of the Europeans in regard to Russia is conditioned greatly by rather important for us side component of relations of Moscow with the Euro-Atlantic countries – i.e. development of Russian-Turkish relations.
21.12.2010J. M. HAGOPIAN, WHO TOLD OF GENOCIDE, DIES AT 97
By Dennis Hevesi
J. Michael Hagopian, a survivor of the Armenian genocide who came to the United States from Turkey after World War I, studied filmmaking and made a series of documentaries based on interviews with hundreds of other survivors, died on Dec. 10 at his home in Thousand Oaks, Calif. He was 97.
15.12.2010GAS FROM IRAQI KURDISTAN FOR NABUCCO: TURKISH INTEREST
In September 2009 Turkey’s Minister of Energy Taner Yildiz stated that Turkey and Iraq discussed possibilities of concluding memorandum on mutual understanding in the issue of the Iraqi gas supply to Europe through the territory of Turkey by the planned Nabucco gas pipeline
15.12.2010US COURT OF APPEALS HANDS A MAJOR VICTORY TO ARMENIANS
By Harut Sassounian
In a stunning development, a federal appeals court handed Armenian-Americans a major legal and political victory last week. It reversed its earlier ruling and decided that a California law extending the deadline for lawsuits against life insurance companies WAS constitutional, after all!
09.12.2010DEVELOPMENTS IN IRAN AND ROUND IT
Developments which can be observed in the Russian-Iranian relations in the recent period create new international situation round the Islamic Republic of Iran and the main feature of that situation can be the final isolation of Iran. At the same time new changes in the social and economic sector can be observed in Iran, and those changes can undermine political stability of the country.
06.12.2010CALIFORNIA OFFICIALS HONOR REPUBLIC OF ARTSAKH AND ITS PRESIDENT
By Harut Sassounian
Bako Sahakyan, President of the Republic of Artsakh (Nagorno Karabagh), just completed his third visit to Los Angeles. Unlike his previous two visits, he was received last week by prominent political figures as a Head of State, even though his country is not officially recognized by the international community.
05.12.2010RAND CORPORATION AND WE: ARMENIA-TURKEY RELATIONS
The recent developments directed to establishing Armenia-Turkey relations are arguably one of the most important factors (if not the single most important factor) shaping the future of our region.
02.12.2010ALTERNATIVE AND TRADITIONAL MEDIA IN ARMENIA
Current development of the Internet brought on the one hand to competition between the alternative and traditional media and on the other hand to supplementing each other. Global experience of the recent years came to prove that the so-called civil journalism (which includes bloggers, the users of the social networks and other similar civil resources) in some situations appears to be more efficient than the traditional media.
On November 8-14 joint Chinese-Turkish maneuvers of land forces took place. Though that was not large-scale maneuvers (the maneuvers were arranged on the level of special mission units in the mountain terrain and were directed to the elaboration of anti-terror actions), such an unprecedented military cooperation between Beijing and Ankara attracted the attention of the observers.
25.11.2010ARMENIA-TURKEY: SOME TENDENCIES OF TURKISH POLICY
Breakdown of the Zurich protocols by Turkish authorities struck serious blow on the international image of that country. After that Turkish party initiated measures of imitational character which had to create an impression that the Armenian-Turkish process continued and that Turkey adhere to the commitments it undertook.
23.11.2010INTERNET STRUCTURES IN THE CONTEXT OF POST-DEMOCRACY AND ISSUES OF INFORMATION SECURITY
Internet, which was initially created for the communication of the professionals, has become available to billions in just several decades (and according to other criteria of counting in incomplete 20 years), and there have been social structures of different load created in it. All this is another phase of permanent information revolution with all the ensuing consequences of positive and negative character.
18.11.2010IRAN: OLD AND NEW ISSUES
On October 17 the president of Iran M. Ahmadinejad stated that Tehran is ready to resume negotiations on the nuclear issues with the “six nations”. This is Iran’s first statement since June 2010 when Tehran stated that it terminated negotiations with the “six” because of the illegal conduct of the later (here the sanctions imposed on Iran are meant). There are also claims set up in the statements made by the president on October 17, after the implementation of which Tehran will get back to talks:
15.11.2010THE NUCLEAR DOMINO MYTH Dismantling Worst-Case Proliferation Scenarios
When considering the dangers of an Iranian nuclear weapons program, those who differ on political ideology find rare common ground. According to nearly everyone, if Iran develops nuclear weapons, its neighbors will inevitably do so, too. Former U.S. Senator Sam Nunn (D-Ga.), for example, said earlier this year, "The governments of the world must understand what a threat it is if the Iranians get nuclear weapons...
11.11.2010TURKEY AFTER THE CONSTITUTIONAL CHANGES
On September 12, the referendum on constitutional changes offered by the Justice and Development Party (JDP, Turk.; AKP) was held. Though two oppositional powers – Kemalist Republican People’s Party (RPP, Turk.: CHP) and Nationalist Movement Party (NMP, Turk.: MHP) – with, sometimes evident support of the army leadership, were against those changes, the teammates of the prime-minister Erdogan managed to hold the referendum successfully and win the majority of the votes.
09.11.2010SAINT CROSS CHURCH ON AKHTAMAR AND THE ISSUES OF THE ARMENIAN IDENTITY
Existing facts allow us to consider that various circumstances may serve as a stimulus for reclaiming Armenians living on the territory of Turkey and being on different stages of assimilation. In this aspect the Armenian-Turkish contacts observed in recent years, visits of Armenian tourists to Western Armenia, books on Armenian topics published in Turkey and other factors contribute to strengthening of significance of a true identity of the Islamized Armenians.
04.11.2010MECHANISM OF PEACEKEEPING IN NAGORNO-KARABAKH CONFLICT: THEORY OF DETERRENCE UNDER THE ARMAMENTS RACE
The aim of the given work is to study the possibility of keeping long-term peace in the zone of Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in case when one of the parties to the conflict (Azerbaijan) hopes for the rearmament of its army and military revanche in an appropriate moment taking into consideration its financial resources...
29.10.2010ARMENIAN ENERGY SECURITY AND ARMENIAN-RUSSIAN RELATIONS
The agreement on prolonging the term of deployment of Russian military base in Armenia took central place in the discussions during the August visit of the president of the RF to Armenia. But the agreements concerning the energy sector are of no less importance.
27.10.2010AZERBAIJAN: SEARCHING NEW FOREIGN POLICY BALANCE
Before the war in South Ossetia the unsolved status of the issues of military and political character, which were faced by Azerbaijan and which were, first of all, connected with the ongoing Nagorno-Karabakh conflict (NKC), within the system of the existing balance of the geopolitical powers in the South Caucasus, was considered as a cause for some shift of the foreign political priorities.
22.10.2010ARMENIAN PROTESTANT COMMUNITY IN IRAN
Among the Armenian Protestant communities in the Middle East Armenian Protestant community in Iran, which was formed in the middle of the 19th century, takes a special place. Iran is one of the countries in the Near East which was not a part of the Ottoman Empire. So, formation of the Armenian Protestant communities processed here, unlike other Near Eastern countries (Turkey, Syria, Lebanon), independently from the process of the formation of the Armenian Protestant communities in the Ottoman Empire.
20.10.2010PECULIARITIES OF BILINGUAL EDUCATION FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF THE NATIONAL IDENTITY
The phenomenon of the multi-culturalism in pedagogic became a subject of investigation in the 60s of the 20th century, and in 1980s the theories and methods of multi-cultural education began to develop. The significance of the issue is connected with the fact that the constantly growing flow of emigrants from Asia and Africa causes the problems with integration in the host countries.
14.10.2010SPECIFIC SITUATION OF THE AZERBAIJANI ANTI-ARMENIAN PROPAGANDA
In recent period, after some delay, the specialists of informational influences from Armenia studied in detail the characteristics of the information policy of Azerbaijan; some counteractions have been elaborated. Though in the initial stage of this process there was a concern that the reaction to the increasing Azerbaijani propaganda is a bit belated, today one may state that the later is recognizable and predictable for both the specialists and variety of people.
06.10.2010“ARMENIAN RESOURCES” in the USA
The US Armenian Studies centers have many peculiarities which are conditioned by various historical, geographic, political, social, cultural, educational factors. Today the Armenian community in the US faces many challenges. The most characteristic problems are the issues of preserving national identity, consolidation of the Armenian community, making it more powerful as a political factor and etc.
30.09.2010ON HISTORY AND ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ARMENIANS OF DERSIM
Dersim, which is currently on the territory of Turkey, in different periods took a special place for the Armenians, Zazas and Kurds who were established there. Due to its geographic position Dersim had been an asylum for the rebels and those who were persecuted for many times. There is a legend that in that very mountainous province a group of Armenians who had not adopted Christianity in 4th century sheltered.
28.09.2010ON RUSSIAN-ARMENIAN RELATIONSHIP
The August visit of the RF president D.Medvedev to Yerevan, during which a treaty on Russian military base was prolonged and got new content (it will also provide the security of the RA), draw a wide response in political circles. Alongside with the positive response, negative opinions can also be found, according to which this treaty not only contradicts to our national interests but it restricts the sovereignty of the RA. In this regard let’s try to present some expert considerations which will promote more complex perception of the issue.
24.09.2010ARMENIAN EVANGELICAL COMMUNITY IN SYRIA
The Armenian Evangelical community of Syria is one of three confessional layers of the local Armeniancy, alongside with the Armenian Apostolic and Catholic communities. Taking into consideration organization and energies of the Armenian Evangelicals, it is necessary to pay attention to their activity.
15.09.2010ARMENIAN PROTESTANT COMMUNITIES IN THE US AND CANADA
For decades various Armenian Protestant Communities has been forming in the Diaspora. Among them Armenian Protestant communities in the US and Canada stands out. Those communities play an important role in the life of the Armeniancy in the US and Canada in general and in spiritual, educational and public spheres in particular.
15.09.2010SENATE SHOULD NOT CONFIRM BRYZA AS U.S. AMBASSADOR TO AZERBAIJAN
By Harut Sassounian
At the request of Sen. Barbara Boxer, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee had postponed from early August to mid-September its vote on Matt Bryza, nominee for U.S. Ambassador to Azerbaijan. Senators Boxer, Harry Reid, and Robert Menendez were satisfied neither with Bryza’s answers during the confirmation hearing nor subsequently with his written responses.
06.09.2010CYBER TROOPS: NECESSITY DICTATED BY TIME
Cyber-terrorism and other cyber-threats to the modern state where information systems and communications take more and more dominant infrastructure role and become a serious strength test.
03.09.2010IDEOLOGICAL TRENDS IN THE CONTEXT OF FOREIGN POLICY OF TURKEY
There are various visions of Turkey’s future in the “camps” of influential Turkish parties and due to this the discussions round the multi-polar, contrary ideologies (neo-Ottomanism, neo-pan-Turkism, neo-Kemalism, Turkish Eurasianism) continue...
02.09.2010CONGRESS SHOULD INVESTIGATE STATE DEPT. FOR HOLDING BACK AID TO ARTSAKH
By Harut Sassounian
The State Department has acted negligently and possibly in contempt of Congress by withholding assistance that it had expressly allocated to Nagorno Karabagh (Artsakh) during the past 12 years.
30.08.2010ON TURKISH-AZERBAIJANI ACTIVATION IN THE US ANALYTICAL STRUCTURES
A significant role in elaboration of the state policy of the United States, shaping of the analytical and information fields is allotted to the analytical organizations – think tanks. The following analytical structures work in Washington: Carnegie endowment foundation, Brookings institute, Heritage foundation, John Hopkins university-SAIS, CSIS-Center for Strategic and International studies, Woodrow Wilson Center, Council of Foreign Relations, Atlantic Council and etc.
30.07.2010DOES THE SOUTH CAUCASUS NEED RECALIBRATION OF GERMANY’S AND EU`S POLICY UPON THE PATTERN OF MR. MEISTER?
Recently, on July 7th the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP) organized a discussion on the report presented by Mr. Stefan Meister, during which the author introduced the outlines of his study (Recalibrating Germany`s and EU`s policy in the South Caucasus). Several participants, including me, approached critically some of his assumptions and conclusions. However, later on, having read the full document, I felt myself compelled to present some comments in written form, which I do hope will contribute to more objective comprehension of the issues concerned.
29.07.2010ON NKR AND REGIONAL ISSUES
As it is known, right after the meeting of the presidents of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Russia on June 17 in St. Petersburg, I.Aliyev left Petersburg and on June 18 in the NKR Armenian side suffered losses after the subversive act of Azerbaijani forces. It is less known that this incident was followed by the equal actions of our armed forces. Any way, those events were received rather sharply in our society and they activated the discussion of various military scenarios.
29.07.2010BRYZA WRONGLY TELLS SENATORS: ARMENIAN PATRIARCH IS DEAD
By Harut Sassounian
Barack Obama ran for the Presidency on a platform of "change" and promised to bring a fresh approach to domestic and foreign policy issues. After the election, however, he disappointed his supporters by continuing many of his predecessor’s policies.
26.07.2010ARMENIAN EVANGELICAL COMMUNITY IN BULGARIA
Taking into consideration that according to some viewpoints the Protestantism is the successor of Pavlikian and Tondrakian movements which were wide spread in Armenia in the Middle Ages and the followers of those movements were forcibly deported to Bulgaria in 8-9th centuries, one may say that Protestant Armenians settled in Bulgaria back in the Middle Ages. The teaching of Pavlikians had a great influence on the Bogomilian sect in Bulgaria which later on influenced Protestantism.
23.07.2010THE GEORGIAN AUTHORITIES ARE AGGRAVATING THEIR POLICY OF VIOLATION OF THE JAVAKHETI ARMENIANS’ RIGHTS (Statement of Javakheti political activist Vahagn Chakhalyan)
On July 5, 2010 the Supreme Court of Georgia made a decision to leave the appeal on the verdict against my father‐ Ruben Chakhalyan, my younger brother‐ Armen Chakhalyan and me without hearing. Our sentences were once again upheld. The Supreme Court’s ruling was predictable and consistent with the decisions of the First Instance Court and the Appeals Court, as it humbly executed the order of the Georgian authorities, trampling on the basic norms of a fair trial.
22.07.2010IRAN AND SANCTIONS
On June 10 the UN Security Council passed a resolution 1929 on imposing new sanctions on Iran. 12 of 15 Security Council member countries voted for the resolution, Turkey and Brazil were against and Lebanon abstained. Despite the information background around the discussion of Iran’s issue in the Security Council, the resolution passed cannot be called stern.
19.07.2010PROSPECTS ABOUND AMONG THE KURDS
By SAM DAGHER
Shortly after leaving his job last year as the United States ambassador to the United Nations, Zalmay Khalilzad started negotiations with Iraqi Kurdish leaders to become a paid adviser.
His stint as adviser to the semiautonomous Kurdistan region’s board of investment lasted about seven months. In May Mr. Khalilzad, who also served as ambassador to Iraq, became a board member of RAK Petroleum, an oil and gas investment company based in the Persian Gulf Arab emirate of Ras al-Khaimah.
15.07.2010ON CURRENT CONDITION OF THE ARMENIAN PATRIARCHATE IN ISTANBUL
Over the last several months the election in the Patriarchate of Istanbul has been the matter on the agenda in the Armenian community in Istanbul. The point is that the incurable disease connected with the memory was found on Patriarch Mesrop Mutafian which made him incapable. According to the church rules the elected patriarch, despite different circumstances, bears the title lifelong and in case of a disease a co-patriarch, who has equal authority, is elected.
08.07.2010RUSSIA AND SOME ASPECTS OF CURRENT DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITUATION IN THE BLACK SEA REGION
The development of the foreign political processes in the Black Sea region demonstrates the preservation of the confrontational relations between the main powers in the region. The well-known attempts of the countries which are not from that region, and firstly the US, to consolidate their positions in the region...
01.07.2010DEVELOPMENTS ROUND THE NUCLEAR PROGRAMME OF IRAN
Iran and its nuclear programme continue to be in the spotlight of the international relations and mass media. On May 17 the presidents of Iran and Brazil and the prime-minister of Turkey came to an agreement on re-enrichment of the uranium, which is enriched by Iran, outside its territory. Despite this Tehran still faces the danger of imposing new sanctions on it.
24.06.2010ALONG ARTSAKH’S PATHS OF WAR TO THE CHURCH OF THE PRAYER FOR PEACE
“The Chronicles of Karabakh” by writer, screenwriter and film director Boris Baratov is an illustrated book of huge cognitive, cultural and political significance. The deep love of the author for his homeland permeates the book, which is full of historical and contemporary facts, presented in chronological order and illustrated with documentary evidence.
21.06.2010TWO ‘STREAMS’ FROM RUSSIA: BREAKING DOWN THE OLD GEOPOLITICAL STRUCTURES
The global financial crisis has given Russia the opportunity not only to significantly boots its energy operations in European countries, which still remain the main markets for its oil and gas, but also to raise its relationships with nations that produce these strategic raw materials to a new, realistically and economically sound level. Besides, the crisis has also enabled Moscow to strengthen its geopolitical interests in Central Asia and South Caucasus countries.
17.06.2010PROTESTANT ARMENIAN COMMUNITY IN TURKEY
Turkey is special for the Protestant Armenians because Protestantism was firstly spread among the Armenians there. In 1846 the first Protestant Armenian community was formed in Istanbul. From there Protestantism gradually was spread over many other regions of the Ottoman Empire inhabited by the Armenians, including Western Armenia, and after the Armenian Genocide over the Armenian communities in Diaspora.
14.06.2010AMERICAN JEWISH COMMUNITY ENDS SUPPORT OF TURKISH INTERESTS ON HILL
By Eli Lake
In October 2000, the government of Turkey had a problem. House Speaker J. Dennis Hastert had promised to bring a resolution commemorating the Armenian genocide to the floor for a vote, a move that Ankara said would be a slap in the face to a NATO ally.
11.06.2010MICHAEL COREN ON TURKISH HYPOCRISY
Celebrated Canadian TV show host, columnist, writer Michael Coren on Turkish hypocrisy.
08.06.2010ISSUES OF NATIONAL IDENTITY PRESERVATION IN THE ARMENIAN DIASPORA: SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE
Among the central problems of Diaspora communities and nations which have Diasporas, issues of the preservation of the identity take traditional place. In the context of globalization and transnational processes, alongside with the geopolitical, economic and cultural re-divisions, changes in the collective self-consciousness are taking place as well.
04.06.2010MILITARY AND POLITICAL RISKS OF TRANSCASPIAN PROJECTS
The judicial and legal issues regarding the state border and navigation in the Caspian Sea before the collapse of the USSR were solved in terms of two documents – the 1921 treaty between the Soviet Russia and Persia and the 1940 Treaty of the Trade and Navigation between the USSR and Iran.
The 1-2 (19-20) issue of “Византийское наследство” magazine for 2010 was published. Editor-in-chief Robert Hakobyan. The issue feature following articles:
01.06.2010SUPERFLUIDITY OF INFORMATION IN SOCIAL NETWORKS
The appearance of the new technologies of the information spreading makes the possibility of the filtration more complicated not only for the common reader but also for the editor of the periodical who uses the alternative sources. And today the availability of the alternative information sources – blogs, social networks, microblogs – is the factor that the traditional mass media must take into consideration in their everyday work.
27.05.2010ARMENIAN COMMUNITY IN ISTANBUL IN THE CONTEXT OF ARMENIAN-TURKISH RELATIONS
The Armenian community in Istanbul, which faces various problems today, plays a definite role in the Armenian-Turkish relations. The interest of the community in the normalization of the relations between Armenia and Turkey is natural but it is also obvious that Turkish authorities try to use the Armenians living in Turkey for their political purposes and especially when some unfavourable for Turkey processes are taking plays within the frameworks of the Armenian-Turkish relations or in the course of the international recognition of the Armenian Genocide.
24.05.2010SOME MAIN ISSUES OF THE RELATIONS BETWEEN ARMENIA AND IRAN
Today the Islamic Republic of Iran goes through an important stage of development, which is characterized by consolidating Tehran’s positions in regional and international policy. The developments round nuclear programme of Iran show that the international community cannot stop Iran’s nuclear researches and development of the technologies which may bring to turning Iran into the nuclear state.
21.05.2010STRATEGY OF DEVELOPMENT
The stirring up of the issue connected with Armenian-Turkish relations and the approximation of the centenary of the Armenian Genocide occasioned to take new view of the current problems of the Armeniancy, to turn to our political history and possible prospects. This tendency should be perceived positively because both among us and in the world the changes, which demand the elaboration of strategy adequate to the new realities, are taking place.
17.05.2010THE GENERATIONS OF THE CONVERTED ARMENIANS IN EUROPE
While studying the issue of the forcedly Islamized Armenians and their generations new and interesting details about their geographic spread are emerging. Particularly, the issue of generations of the Islamized Armenians living in Europe at present is interesting and peculiar at the same time. It is known that there is scanty information about the current condition of the converted Armenians and if over the recent period some data about the Islamized Armenians in Turkey emerged, there is too little material about those living in Europe.
13.05.2010TURKISH SCHOLAR TANER AKCAM ADVOCATES CHANGE IN POLICY OF GENOCIDE DENIAL
By Harut Sassounian
Dr. Taner Akcam, one of the first Turkish scholars to acknowledge the Armenian Genocide, delivered two important lectures in Southern California last week. Based on historical research, he analyzed the underpinnings of Turkey’s denial of the Armenian Genocide and proposed solutions for its official acknowledgment.
06.05.2010THIRD PARTY IN UNOFFICIAL DIPLOMACY
Conflicts became one of the key points in the field of international bilateral, regional and inter-regional relations, global power structures, and the major ideological battles of the 20-21 century. The approaches to the conflict analysis have been changed a lot during the recent years.
06.05.2010THE WASHINGTON CENTRE FOR AZERBAIJAN STUDIES HAS BEEN SET UP AS AN INDEPENDENT, BIPARTISAN ORGANIZATION
The centre has been founded by young Azerbaijani and international scholars to serve as a platform for policy evaluation and independent thinking and to contribute to the strategic debate on Azerbaijan, the Caucasus and Caspian.
05.05.2010IS TURKEY’S CONSUL UNHAPPY THAT NOT ALL ARMENIANS WERE SLAUGHTERED LIKE SHEEP?
By Harut Sassounian
Hakan Tekin, the young and inexperienced Turkish Consul General in Los Angeles, is trying hard to earn brownie points with his bosses in Ankara by countering any reference to Armenians in the U.S. media. He went overboard last week by sending an offensive letter to the Los Angeles Times.
05.05.2010WILSON HOUSE FEATURED ON ARMENIAN TELEVISION
Wilson House was recently the feature of a report by the Public Television Company of Armenia. Political analyst and special correspondent to the U.S. Haykaram Nahapetyan visited the museum where he interviewed Executive Director Frank J. Aucella and Curator John Powell about the collection and Wilson’s relations with Armenia.
05.05.2010THE CONFERENCE IN ARTSAKH ON FORCIBLE ISLAMIZATION OF THE ARMENAINS
On 20 April in Stepanakert, the capital of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, the NKR government and the Armenian Revolutionary Federation Dashnaktsutyun arranged conference on “The Forcible Islamization as a Component of the Genocide”. The event featured participants from Nagorno-Karabakh, Armenia, France and USA.
04.05.2010MOOD IS DARK AS ISRAEL MARKS 62ND YEAR AS A NATION (It’s goodbye now, blondie)
By ETHAN BRONNER
Every year, Israelis approach the joy of their Independence Day right after immersing themselves in a 24-hour period of grief for fallen soldiers. Before the fireworks burst across the skies Monday night to celebrate the country’s 62nd birthday, the airwaves filled with anguished stories of servicemen and -women killed, the Kaddish prayer of mourning and speeches placing the deeply personal losses of a small country into the sweep of Jewish history.
03.05.2010ARMENIAN PROTESTANT COMMUNITY IN LEBANON
The Protestant Armenians of Lebanon are, alongside with the Apostolic and Catholic Armenians, one of the three confessional stratums of the Armenian community in that country. The Armenian Protestant community, established back in the 19th century, expanded after the Armenian Genocide when the Protestant Armenians, together with other Armenians, immigrated to that country from other places of the Ottoman Empire.
30.04.2010RUSSIA-GERMANY THE PROBABLE SCENARIOS IN THE CONTEXT OF THE REGIONAL SECURITY
The developments round Armenian-Turkish relations went beyond the scope of the regional format and moved to global politics. There are grounds to believe that regardless of the results at the current stage of the diplomatic processes the relations between Yerevan and Ankara will stay at the agenda of our foreign policy for quite a long time, because it is of strategic importance and in its significance it does not cede to the problems with Azerbaijan on the NKR.
28.04.2010“THE PRESERVATION OF THE ARMENIAN IDENTITY IN MIXED MARRIAGES” THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL CONFERENCE
On April 25-26 “The Preservation of the Armenian Identity in Mixed Marriages” theoretical and practical conference took place. It was arranged by the Ministry of Diaspora of the RA with the assistance of National Academy of Sciences, Yerevan State University and “Noravank” Foundation.
26.04.2010TURKEY: DAVUTOGLU'S TO-DO LIST
Following his trip to the United States, Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu traveled to Azerbaijan April 19, after which he will travel to Iran. Though Ankara and Washington are pursuing a fresh diplomatic attempt to simultaneously restore Turkish-Armenian ties and resolve territorial differences between Azerbaijan and Armenia, they will continue to face heavy resistance from both Baku and Moscow in their efforts. Meanwhile, Turkey will use the Armenian-Azerbaijan dispute to involve Iran in another regional affair, thereby showing Ankara’s capacity as a potential mediator between the United States and Iran.
23.04.2010ISRAELI SCHOLAR ASSAILS ISRAEL’S DENIAL OF THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE
By Harut Sassounian
An important international symposium on “Armenia-Turkey: How to Normalize Relations,” was held in Paris on April 14. It was organized by the French Bureau of the Armenian Cause and the Armenian National Committee of France.
22.04.2010ARMENOCIDE: HISTORICAL PRECEDENT OF THE CLASH OF THE CIVILIZATIONS (genesis, evolution, outcome)
In this article the Armenocide is presented against the background of the clash of the civilizations. The reference to the assessments of the Armenian Genocide as a grave crime against “the humanity and civilization” (24 May, 1915), as Holocost (1918), are made. The essence of the Turkish (Ottoman, Kemalist) strategy of carrying out and denial of the Genocide is defined.
19.04.2010INCREASING OF THE ROLE OF THE SOCIAL NETWORKS ON THE MEDIA FIELD
Today the conceptual change of the network media connections is taking place. In recent years the search engines, which, in fact, became dominant in the sphere of the information dissemination, have been the key factor for spreading information. For the owners of the web-sites the main factor of entering the information field was and is the dominance in the search engines on the relevant request. At the same time the tendency is exhibited towards the re-formatting of the information field and shift of the dominance in favour of the social networks.
15.04.2010ROADMAP TO NOWHERE OR NEW DELAY TACTIC: GENOCIDE RECOGNITION IN 2015?
By Harut Sassounian
Faced with deadlock in ratifying the Armenia-Turkey Protocols, the major powers are desperately looking for a face-saving way out of the current dilemma. France, Russia and the United States have invested far too much time and effort to walk away from the negotiated and signed, but not ratified, "deal of the century."
The origin of the Protestantism in Armenia is connected with a number of historical circumstances. In new times they engineered vigorous activity in Armenia. Of course, the dissemination of the Protestant movement in Armenia took place gradually but in the 19th century it took a mass character and as a result the Protestants really succeeded. From Protestant groups the most widespread among the Armenians was the Evangelical.
06.04.2010ON PERCEPTION OF THE ISSUE OF THE ISLAMIZED ARMENIANS
Alongside with the stirring up the study of the issue of the Islamized Armenians the following question has also appeared before the scholastic discourse in Armenia: Do we have to preference to ethnicity or religious stripe while identifying the Armenian?
Eduard L. Danielyan
Power and Justice in International Relations. Interdisciplinary Approaches to Global Challenges, Edited by Marie-Luisa Frick and Andreas Oberprantacher, University of Innsbruck, Austria, Ashgate, December 2009, 284 pages. The book provides detailed analysis of current developments in international politics, focuses on conditions for social and ecological justice in international economics against the background of financial crisis from points of view of the concepts of justice and power in international relations.
31.03.2010ARMENIAN-TURKISH RELATIONS IN THE LIGHT OF THE REGIONAL SECURITY SYSTEM OF THE CAUCASUS
The dynamics of the processes in the region of the South Caucasus and in the world in general come to prove that the post-Soviet period of history which was formed in a consequence of the collapse of the USSR begins to change. The new reality is being formed and status-quo in the South Caucasus is changing thus reflecting the new forming balance of the powers.
27.03.2010DID TURKEY’S AMBASSADOR REALLY LOBBY FOR PASSAGE OF GENOCIDE RESOLUTION?
Thousands of articles are posted on the internet every day. But, very few make us fall off our chairs! Last week I came across a shocking news item posted by the Turkish Forum -- the largest website for Turkish news. It was titled: "Forgotten Ambassador in Sierra Leone Uses Armenian Genocide Resolution to solve his Problem." Here is the summary in translation of that incredible article: "In recent years, parliaments of several countries have adopted resolutions on the Armenian Genocide. In retaliation, Turkey has recalled its ambassadors from these countries.
25.03.2010YEREVAN-ANKARA: NEW STAGE OF POLITICAL MANOEUVRES
The actualization of the RA-Turkey relations stirred up Armenian analytical community and today you can rather often meet the studies and comments connected both with those relations and with issues regarding Turkey. This tendency enriches our political thinking and thus promotes conducting current diplomatic processes. At the same time there are approaches which are inadequate to the realities and here we do not speak about the political approaches or non-professional analyses.
23.03.2010ON IRAN’S REGIONAL POLICY
The developments around Iran are directly connected with the processes going on in the neigbouring countries and among those processes the developments in Iraq and Afghanistan are important. The article refers to some main issues of the regional policy of Iran. In the recent years Iran has managed to use its positions in the region rather usefully in order to strengthen its interests in the global plane. After the Islamic revolution Tehran established a number of subordinate religious and political organizations in the Middle East which aim is to protect the interests of Iran.
19.03.2010FORCIBLE ISLAMIZATION OF THE ARMENIANS DURING THE GENOCIDE: PROCESS AND EFFECTS
One of the important components of the state Turkish policy – the forcible Islamization of the non-Muslim nations, which in different periods was implemented in regard to the Armenians as well, is presented in the book. This consecutive policy became especially active in the years of the Armenian Genocide and as a result thousands of Armenians were forcibly Islamized.
18.03.2010AFGHANISTAN: PEACE STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT
The programme address of President Barak Obama on December 1, 2009 at West Point on the situation in Afghanistan essentially activated the processes around South Asia. Let us remember that main postulates of the new American strategy were: 1. to obtain the overwhelming military dominance in the region and to negotiate with the “more moderate” part of the extremists, 2. to form “coalition administration” and to begin the withdrawal of the allied troops from June 2011.
16.03.2010THE PROTESTANT ARMENIANS
The Protestant Armenians form one of the layers of the Armenians who belong to different confessions. The Protestantism was spread among Armeniancy in the 19th century. The first Protestant Armenian community was formed in 1846 in Istanbul by order of sultan Abdulmecid. It was called “Protestant nation” (millet). At first the number of the Armenian Protestants grew and they spread over the other regions of the Ottoman Empire including Western Armenia.
12.03.2010ARMENIAN STUDIES IN JERUSALEM
Armenian Studies Centre of Israel is in Jerusalem. It was founded in 1967 by Professor Michael Stone and it works till today at the Hebrew University. The Armenian Studies Centre is the independent branch of the Department of the Indian and Iranian Studies and it is subject to the Institute of African and Asian Studies at humanities faculty. The Georgian studies are taught within the framework of the Armenian programme.
11.03.2010ARMENIAN CULTURAL HERITAGE DEMOLITION, BY TURKEY (during 1915 to 2009)
“Armenian cultural heritage demolition, by Turkey (during 1915 to 2009)”, see in pdf.
09.03.2010ATTITUDE OF THE ARMENIAN PATRIARCHATE IN INSTANBUL TOWARDS THE ISSUE OF THE FORCIBLY ISLAMIZED ARMENIANS
As a result of the historical developments in the 15th century the Armenian Patriarchate in Istanbul was established, which, besides spiritual and religious had also had secular and political functions connected with the Armenians living in Turkey. Alongside with the stance and the attitude of the Patriarchate to various issues of Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire and then in the Republic of Turkey it would be also interesting to consider the approaches and the policy of Patriarchate as regarded to the issue of the Armenians forcibly Islamized during the Armenian Genocide.
04.03.2010TURKS FROM BULGARIA: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
On November 11 in front of the entrance of Bulgarian National Television the leader of “The Party of Bulgarian Men” Rozen Markov set himself on fire to protest against broadcasting news in Turkish on that channel. Markov’s act attracted the attention of international press, different media agencies, newspapers, TV channels (including Armenian). This act once more put on the agenda the issue of the Bulgarian Turks. The community which made a good progress and, being isolated at some extend in the Soviet period, activated fast during “perestroika” and since 1990 has taken a strong and stable place in the political system of Bulgaria.
03.03.2010TURKISH-ISRAELI STADOFF OPEN UP NEW OPPORTUNITIES FOR ARMENIA The interview of the director of “Noravank” Scientific-Educational Foundation Gagik Harutyunyan to ArmInfo news agency
Mr. Harutyunyan, standoff between Israel and Turkey is gradually going forward. How advantageous is it for Armenia in the light of the observed progress in the direction of the recognition by Israel the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire?
03.03.2010JEWS IN ARMENIA: THE MIDDLE AGES
This book is a result of a symposium held on May 11-12, 2009 at the "Gitelik" University of Yeghegnadzor in commemoration of a Jewish medieval settlement and cemetery preserved in the Vayots Dzor region of Armenia.
01.03.2010ARMENIAN CATHOLICS IN TURKEY
There is an incomplete idea of the current situation of Armenians in Turkey in the discourse of Armenia and the comprehensive examination of this issue is of great importance. It should be mentioned that the study must include both the issues of Apostolic Armenians and the issues of Catholic, Protestant and Islamized Armenians.
25.02.2010HIGH SCHOOLS TO OFFER PLAN TO GRADUATE 2 YEARS EARLY
Dozens of public high schools in eight states will introduce a program next year allowing 10th graders who pass a battery of tests to get a diploma two years early and immediately enroll in community college. Students who pass but aspire to attend a selective college may continue with college preparatory courses in their junior and senior years, organizers of the new effort said. Students who fail the 10th-grade tests, known as board exams, can try again at the end of their 11th and 12th grades.
24.02.2010“IF THERE IS NO JAVAKHQ, THERE WILL BE NO ARMENIA…”
The Coordinating Committee on Protection of the Rights of Armenians from Javakhq, which unites five non-governmental organizations (including two from Javakhq), on 18 February hold a workshop in “Tekeyan Centre” devoted to the issues of preserving Armeniancy and protection of the rights of the Armenians from Samtskhe-Javakhq-Tsalka region. Four reports and many short addresses had been made for two and a half hours.
22.02.2010ON THE TOPICAL ISSUES OF ARMENIAN COMMUNITY IN ISTANBUL
Among the Armenian communities outside Armenia the community in Istanbul, which now faced very serious problems, has always played an important role. It should be mentioned that among the Armenian communities spread all over the Ottoman Empire only community in Istanbul had survived after the Genocide and expanded on the account of the Armenians who came from the provinces. While in Turkish provinces the Armenian community live had not re-established (the only exception is, at some extent, Armenia village of Vakifli).
18.02.2010TEN REASONS WHY TURKS WON’T ALLOW THEIR LEADERS TO RATIFY THE PROTOCOLS
In earlier columns, I pointed out Turkey’s deceptive designs in negotiating and signing the Protocols with Armenia on October 10, 2009. In addition to planning to deceive Armenia and international public opinion, Turkish leaders tried to mislead their closest ally, Azerbaijan, and the Turkish public, about the potential benefits of the Protocols. Even though the Protocols were clearly in Turkey’s interest, its leaders tried to oversell the benefits of the negotiated agreement in order to overcome possible objections from critics at home and abroad, particularly Azerbaijan.
There are not too many documentaries and especially auteur documentaries about the Armenian Genocide. But there are far less works connected with the filming of those who had survived the Genocide.
The new work by Suzanne Khardalian is devoted to the issues and problems of this kind of filming.
15.02.2010“SYSTEM” COLLAPSE: SOME CAUSES AND EFFECTS
More than 20 years have passed since the day (November 9, 1989) when the GDR patrols guarding the symbol of the Cold war – “Berlin Wall”, left their posts and Germany unified de-facto. The splinters of the collapsed “wall” turned into the hot selling souvenirs and thus they remained symbols but this time the symbols of the new age. Two years later the power which name was the USSR and “socialist bloc” stopped existing. All that was qualified as the “end of the Cold War”, “victory of democracy” but such formulations as “geopolitical tragedy” or “civilizational collapse” can also be met.
11.02.2010"OH, WHAT A TANGLED WEB WE WEAVE, WHEN FIRST WE PRACTICE TO DECEIVE!"
The title of this article, taken from Walter Scott’s epic poem, the Marmion, aptly describes the web of deceit weaved by Turkey’s leaders in seeking to create the false impression of wanting to normalize relations with Armenia. Under the guise of opening the border and establishing diplomatic relations with Armenia, Turkish officials actually intended to: extract concessions from Armenia – returning Karabagh (Artsakh) to Azerbaijan, forming a historical commission to review the facts of the Genocide, and blocking territorial demands from Turkey; prevent the acknowledgment of the Armenian Genocide by third countries, particularly the United States; and generate a positive image in order to facilitate Turkey’s entry into the European Union.
08.02.2010PROPAGANDA MACHINERY OF AZERBAIJAN: NEW TENDENCIES
Azerbaijani propaganda actively continues to use the elaborated theses which have been used against Armenia and Armeniancy in general over the whole conflict period. At the same time in the recent period several main trends, which became definitely prior, are elaborated actively. And today a definite tradition has been established: the main theses, the instructive directions for media, analytics, “information front fighters” working on the Internet are programmed through the addresses of Ilham Aliyev.
04.02.2010DEVELOPMENTS ROUND IRAN
At the end of 2009 the instability in Iran caused new demonstrations and encounters. On December 16, taking advantage of the mass arrangements connected with the Ashura, the supporters of the Iranian opposition went out to the manifestations. And the death of ayatollah Montazeri on December 20 who took opposition stance to the current spiritual authorities and his funeral ceremony even more urged the actions of the oppositionists.
01.02.2010AFGHANISTAN: PARTIAL CLARIFYING OF THE STRATEGY
The logic of the global policy is mostly conditioned by the developments in South Asia. So it is not surprising that on December 1, 2009, the address of the US president Barak Obama at the military academy at West Point devoted to the Afghanistan issues was at the centre of attention of the analysts and the journalists. President's decisions. The key items of Barak Obama’s address are as follows: The terms of the US troops withdrawal from Afghanistan were set: it is supposed that this process will start in July 2011.
25.01.2010“BLACK SEA SYNERGY” INITIATIVE AND THE SOUTHERN CAUCASUS
The Black Sea and Caucasus region has been attracting more attention of the great international actors recently. By its geographical location the region is at the merge point of Europe and Asia and it is one of the main parts of the territory which is called in geopolitical vocabulary “Eurasia”. The most part of the region – its Black Sea part, is under the direct influence of two big region actors – Russia and Turkey, as well as the countries of the neigbouring EU. The US also has strategic interests in the region.
21.01.2010ARMENIAN COMMUNITY TO HOLD “CO-PATRIARCHY” ELECTION
Turkey’s Armenian community has officially applied to the Istanbul governorship to begin the election process for a co-patriarch because of the illness of the current patriarch, Mesrop II. Under the Armenian Church’s canon law, Mesrop II will retain the title until his death even after the co-patriarch is elected. The electorate is composed of 50,000 members of Istanbul’s Armenian community. The Armenian community is preparing for the second “co-patriarchy” election in the history of the Turkish Republic. Current Patriarch Mesrop II, the 84th to hold the office, is ill and, in case of his death, the co-patriarch will assume the job after 40 days. According to the Armenian Church’s canon law, Mesrop II will keep his title until his death. But because he is suffering from dementia, it is necessary to elect a co-patriarch.
18.01.2010PAX AMERICANA-2, OR GOOD BYE, AMERICA?
The current economic recession, according to some signs and optimistic statements by some state officials, seems to have reached the “bottom” and the global economy is showing signs of recovery. At the same time, according to the various analytical centers the current system of economic security still remains more than unstable and vulnerable. Particularly, the professor of the Columbian University, the Nobel Prize winner in economy Josef Stiglitz is sure that the expectations connected with the US economy are not be founded and the current crisis first of all means the collapse of the American capitalist system. In his opinion, other countries should be focused not on the US but on their own possibilities.
14.01.2010A FAMILY TREE UPROOTED BY A 60-YEAR-OLD SECRET
Fethiye Cetin, a prominent member of the estimated 50,000-strong Armenian-Turkish community and one of Turkey’s leading human rights lawyers, believes a seminal moment has arrived in which Turkey and Armenia can finally confront the ghosts of history and possibly even overcome one of the world’s most enduring and bitter rivalries.
11.01.2010YEREVAN-ANKARA NEGOTIATIONS: DERIVATIVE PROCESSES
Besides the proper Armenian-Turkish relations and the processes going on in Armenia and Diaspora the last stage of the dialogue between Armenia and Turkey put forward some “sideline” or “derivative” processes which are also of certain interest for the Armenian party. Let us introduce several preliminary observations: recently the interest towards Armenia has grown in the West and mainly in the US both on political level and in the media. There have been statements made by the White House and the US Department of State rather often in the recent period.
28.12.2009IRAN: YEAR IN REVIEW
2009 can be regarded as one of the most important years in the post-revolution history of Iran. The crisis in domestic policy, the procrastination of the possible settlement of the Iranian-American relations in the sphere of foreign policy, the maintenance and consolidation of their stance in regard to nuclear issue which can latter influence seriously the situation in Iran and its status. In this article we speak about the developments in 2009 which, in our opinion, were important for Iran.
24.12.2009GEOPOLITICS OF THE GAS PIPELINES IN THE BLACK SEA-CASPIAN REGION
The prospects of the gas pipelines policy, the configuration of the pipelines networks are, to certain extend, dependent on the availability of the raw materials, their division between the countries of the region, the stability of functioning of the gas producing and processing industries of those countries, the contents of the contracts concluded. What capacities do the Caspian countries possess and how do they manage them?
21.12.2009INFORMATIONAL CONTEXT OF THE POSSIBLE OPENING OF THE TURKSIH BORDER
The current dynamics of the Armenian-Turkish relations may change the format and the content of the information field in the RA and NKR as well as in the Diaspora. Today Azerbaijan and Turkey are the main rivals of Armenia on the information field. Meanwhile the developments round the conclusion of the Armenian-Turkish protocols have deformed the information field to a certain extent.
14.12.2009WAR IN AFGHANISTAN: REALITIES AND PROSPECTS
The establishment of the multi-polar world order is a long process and, despite system changes, realities inherited from the unipolar world will dominate in the military and political and economic developments for quite a long time. This circumstance becomes more vivid in the context of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. But if Iraq issue, due to the irreversible changes which took place as a result of war...
10.12.2009OBAMA SHOULD FORFEIT HIS NOBEL PRIZE UNTIL HE TELLS THE TRUTH ON GENOCIDE
In his letter of November 20 to Armenian American organizations, Pres. Obama once again played shameful word games with the term genocide. At this point, one has to be incredibly naïve to believe that he is going to acknowledge the Armenian Genocide during the rest of his term in office. During the presidential campaign, when Sen. Obama was making repeated promises to acknowledge the Armenian Genocide, Armenian activists were nervously following the Turkish government’s attempts to use the false pretext of dialogue with Armenia to prevent him from fulfilling his pledge after the election.
07.12.2009ACTIVITY OF SOME OF THE AZERBAIJANI RESEARCH CENTRES
Diana Galstyan, Araks Pashaian
Azerbaijani research centers or the so-called “think tanks” work in the format of foundations, NGOs, as well as academic entities. The centers mainly work in two directions: social-economic and social and political. They attach special importance to the studies directed to the development of Azerbaijan as well as researches devoted to the study of the regional developments. A lot of attention is paid to the problems connected with the RA and NKR.
03.12.2009JEWISH EDITOR AND TURKISH COMMENTATOR PROTEST AGAINST GENOCIDE DENIAL
Armenians are understandably distressed when they encounter statements that distort or deny the facts of the Armenian Genocide, and feel comforted when it is properly acknowledged. While they are quick to castigate the deniers, they rarely take the time to recognize those who speak the truth. These thoughts came to mind as I was reading two truthful and bold articles on the Armenian Genocide -- the first by a Righteous Jew, editor of the Intermountain Jewish News of Denver, Colorado, and the second by a Righteous Turk, commentator Burak Bekdil of Hurriyet Daily News. The editor of the Intermountain Jewish News did not mince words, starting with the headline: “All that lying about the Armenian Genocide did not help.”
30.11.2009ON THE MANIFESTATION OF TURKISH STATE POLICY IN REGARD TO THE ARMENIANS
The theme of the splinters of the Armeniancy (both Islamized and Christian) which still exist in Turkey is one of the insufficiently explored and studied issues. The researches devoted to their current conditions are rather rare. The problem of assimilated or crypto-Armenians living in various regions of Turkey remained unknown not only in the scholastic circles but also among the Armenians of Istanbul and in consequence of various processes going on in present the Armenians of Istanbul discover a lot of interesting.
26.11.2009WAS THERE AN ARMENIAN GENOCIDE? Geoffrey Robertson QC’s opinion
In recent years, governments of the United Kingdom have refused to accept that the deportations and massacres of Armenians in Turkey in 1915-16 amounted to genocide. The Armenian Centre decided in 2008 to refer this matter for the expert opinion of Mr Geoffrey Robertson QC, who had served as the President of a UN War Crimes Court and is recognised as an authority on this aspect of international law and its history. Mr Robertson was instructed by solicitor Bernard Andonian to reach his own independent conclusions on all legal and factual issues, without being influenced by the concerns of the Centre. Mr Robertson advised at the outset that an application should be made under the Freedom of Information Act to obtain all the policy documents which have informed the UK government’s position and...
Emil Sanamyan: Mr. Prime Minister, earlier this week you made a number of statements rejecting the territorial concessions envisioned under what is known as the Madrid proposal for a Karabakh settlement, unveiled by France, Russia, and the United States in July. At the time the NKR Foreign Ministry broadly criticized the proposal, but your comments were more specific. Could you elaborate on NKR's position with regard to that proposal? Ara Harutiunian: The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic has not been formally presented with the Madrid proposal. We have seen the statement and media commentary, but as long as we are not formally presented with a proposal, we cannot officially accept or reject it.
19.11.2009CALL FOR TURKISH-ARMENIAN PEACE FROM THEATER STAGE
The Gülbenkyan Foundation, an Armenian organization in Lisbon, has given full support to the play «Armenian Concert or Turkish Proverb» to be staged in Turkey. «We cannot live by getting stuck in tragedy,» says the writer and composer of the play, Gerard Torikian. Also, director Serge Avedkiyan, who adapted the play to the stage, talks about the new initiative among the diaspora.
12.11.200920 YEARS OF COLLAPSE
Today is the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall. During this time of reflection, it is common to emphasize the miraculous nature of the events that began that day: a dream seemed to come true, the Communist regimes collapsed like a house of cards, and the world suddenly changed in ways that had been inconceivable only a few months earlier. Who in Poland could ever have imagined free elections with Lech Walesa as president? However, when the sublime mist of the velvet revolutions was dispelled by the new democratic-capitalist reality, people reacted with an unavoidable disappointment that manifested itself, in turn, as nostalgia for the “good old” Communist times; as rightist, nationalist populism; and as renewed, belated anti-Communist paranoia.
09.11.2009ANTI-ARMENIAN INFORMATION POLICY OF AZERBAIJAN
It is necessary to study the types of the anti-Armenian information attacks, to elaborate the research methodology and to inform the society about the results in order to provide the informational security of the Armenian society. The formation of the ideas of Azerbaijani information attacks, which have gained abruptly growing tendency recently, is especially important and we shall try to present it in our article. Without touching upon the dynamics of the development of the anti-Armenian mood let us observe what main approaches have been used by the architects of the anti-Armenian mood in the neigbouring country.
04.11.2009INTERNAL DOCUMENTS REVEAL UK OFFICIALS MISLED PARLIAMENT ON ARMENIAN GENOCIDE
A prominent legal expert, Mr. Geoffrey Robertson, exposed this week the false and inaccurate statements on the Armenian Genocide made by the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO). The international jurist revealed that for many years the FCO (Foreign Ministry) had misled the British Parliament on the facts of the Armenian Genocide in order to curry favor with the Turkish government. The 40-page meticulously-researched report, commissioned by the Armenian Centre of London, is based on hitherto secret documents obtained from the Foreign Office through the Freedom of Information Act. Mr. Robertson, the author of a report titled, "Was there an Armenian Genocide?" served as first President of the UN War Crimes Court in Sierra Leone.
02.11.2009NEW STATUS OF THE IRANIAN NUCLEAR PROGRAMME
At the second half of September new international political situation was created round the nuclear programme of Iran. During the summit in Pittsburg the IAEA stated that Iran is building new uranium enrichment plant near the city of Ghom. This statement brought the “Iranian issue” up to date and created basis for the restarting of the negotiations between Iran and “the six”. The fact that the IAEA statement was made on the day of the “G20” summit is, probably, the result of the information and propaganda struggle by the US against the head of the IAEA and the main content basis of that struggle was the allegations brought against the IAEA that this structure concealed from the international community very important facts regarding Iranian nuclear programme.
29.10.2009TURKISHIZING OF THE PLACE NAMES IN THE REPUBLICAN TURKEY
While analyzing some manifestations of domestic policy of the Republic of Turkey, we can mention that they are mostly of Turkishizing character. There were various processes going on in the newly formed Turkey, which were directed to form the homogeneous Turkish state. This process should inevitably touch on the place names, because in the Ottoman Turkey there were many places named in the languages of the native nations, which directly prove their presence. The place names, at the same time, show the historical past, the history of the people who lived there, some details of their mentality.
26.10.2009RUSSIA-USA-IRAN AND ENERGY SECURITY OF ARMENIA
The intersection of the geopolitical interests of great powers in South Caucasus region is one of the main factors influencing the formation and provision of the energy security of Armenia. Since the collapse of the USSR and till our days the constant competition of such states as Russia, the US, Iran and etc, directed to the strengthening of the political and economic positions in the region, anyhow, had influenced and continue to influence the formation of the stable energy system in the Republic of Armenia.
22.10.2009PUBLICATIONS IN AMERICAN PERIODICALS CONCERNING NAGORNO-KARABAKH IN 1918-20
On March 29 of this year on Azerbaijani day.az portal the publication appeared, according to which in the archive of “New York Times” the article was found where Karabakh and Zangezur were mentioned as parts of Mousavatist Azerbaijan. As Artsakh neither in the mentioned years nor ever has been a part of Azerbaijan it remains to find out the backgrounds of another disinformation.
15.10.2009ARMENIAN – GEORGIAN RELATIONS AFTER “FIVE DAYS” WAR
The interstate relations between Armenia and Georgia have passed rather eventful and at the same time difficult way since the independence of these two states in 1991. Every stage in bilateral relations has been mostly dependent on the domestic political developments both in Armenia and in Georgia, as well as on the general situation in the region. The development of the Armenian-Georgian relations in the period after August 8, 2008 is no exception either.
12.10.2009DEVELOPMENTS ROUND THE NUCLEAR PROGRAMME OF IRAN
The domestic political crisis in Iran which active stage was finished in July caused new political developments round the Islamic Republic. Because of the arrests of the EU citizens the relations between European countries and Iran sharpened. At the same time the processes connected with the Iranian nuclear programme activated. This August the US president B. Obama laid down an indirect demand to Tehran to boost the collaboration with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and to meet the demands of IAEA and the international community connected with the Iranian nuclear programme and to take off all the concerns about it.
09.10.2009CONTEXT OF THE RA-TURKEY RELATIONS
The discussions round the relations between the RA and Turkey, though there are also political speculations among them, has become of an all-Armenian character. As a result, it is difficult to find arguments and grounds “for” or “against” in this issue, especially from the point of view of the analysis of the “protocols”. At the same time there is an impression that the process of establishment of the diplomatic relations (or one of its first stages) is very often, or even exclusively, taken in “lurid” terms or “rosily”.
01.10.2009BRAND OF THE STATE AND THE NECESSITY OF ITS FORMATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA
Vardan Atoian, Karen Babajanyan
In the article the essence of the brand is presented, the main problems which come forward during the formation of the brand are discussed, as well as the complex of the measures, which implementation allows raising the rate of the country, are presented. Those measures and proposals are based on the best international practice and they can be very useful in the elaboration of the strategy of the position of the Republic of Armenia. The article also touches upon such vital for the RA issues as the state authority, the investment attractiveness, the development of tourism industry, the quality of the exported goods and measures directed to the demand increase.
29.09.2009'LAST OTTOMAN' DIES IN ISTANBUL
Osman would have been sultan of the Ottoman Empire had Turkey's modern republic not been created in the 1920s. As the last surviving grandson of Sultan Abdul-Hamid II, he would have been known as his Imperial Highness Prince Shehzade Ertugrul Osman Effendi. Born in Istanbul in 1912, Osman spent most of his years living modestly in New York.
28.09.2009AZERBAIJAN AND TURKEY PROTECT ARMENIA’S NATIONAL INTEREST INADVERTENTLY
After reviewing hundreds of articles in regional and international media outlets and scores of statements by various officials regarding the Protocols between Armenia and Turkey, it is clear that these agreements will not be ratified by the Turkish Parliament, unless the Armenian government first makes concessions on Karabagh (Artsakh). As expected, there was great agitation against the Protocols last week among opposition political parties in both Armenia and Turkey. Furthermore, some Azeri officials and analysts criticized Turkish leaders for appearing to go back on their repeated promises of not opening Turkey’s border with Armenia until the Karabagh conflict was resolved.
22.09.2009PRIORITY DIRECTIONS IN THE FOREIGN POLICY OF ISRAEL: SOUTH CAUCASUS AND CENTRAL ASIA
Till recently the countries of CIS and mainly the countries of South Caucasus and Central Asia have not been regarded as the priority directions in the foreign policy of Israel. After the collapse of the USSR and the establishment of the diplomatic relations with the former Soviet republics, only in about 17-18 years the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Israel created core departments in its structure, which from January of 2009 will purposefully deal with the issues regarding South Caucasus and Central Asia.
18.09.2009WHO WILL BLINK FIRST…ARMENIA OR TURKEY?
After months of rampant rumors and news leaks, the Foreign Ministries of Armenia and Turkey, with Switzerland as mediator, issued a joint statement on August 31, making public the text of two protocols intended to regulate their problematic relationship. In a previous joint statement released on April 22, Armenian and Turkish officials stated that they had agreed to a “roadmap” which was to normalize their relations “within a reasonable timeframe.” At the time, the two sides had indicated their agreement in principle by “initialing” the two protocols, the text of which was not published until August 31.
16.09.2009WE MUST END TURKISH OCCUPATION OF WASHINGTON
The internationalization of the Armenian Cause during the last several years has apparently caused great discomfort to Ankara. In order to undermine the Cause, Turkey has been intensifying its efforts in the United States by pouring millions of dollars to silence any American public figure or entity that talks truthfully about the Armenian Genocide. Because Turkey has adopted “the end justifies the means” immoral code of operation, its bloody hands have been caught when the bribery of elected public officials in the United States began making scandalous headlines.
11.09.2009THE EU-TURKEY-CYPRUS TRIANGLE: "TURKEY AND ARMENIA VOW TO HEAL PAST WOUNDS", HUGH POPE
It's been a long time coming, but Turkey and Armenia's vow on 31 August to establish diplomatic relations, open their long-closed border and begin to talk seriously about the past is excellent news. As laid out in our 14 April report Turkey and Armenia: Opening Minds, Opening Borders, normalisation between Turkey and Armenia will benefit not just the bilateral relationship. If successful, it could win back for Turkey and its AKP government much of their recently faded prestige as domestic reformers, as regional peace-makers and as a country seriously intending to push forward with its accession process to the European Union. The brief joint announcement from Ankara, Yerevan and the Swiss mediators in Bern said that two protocols had been initialled on the establishment of diplomatic relations and the development of bilateral relations.
Armenian Reporter: Kosovo, Abkhazia, and South Ossetia have recently set precedents of international recognition without the consent of countries that claimed sovereignty over them. Should friends of Armenians in the United States initiate Nagorno-Karabakh's recognition instead of deferring to talks with Azerbaijan? What work can be done in Congress to achieve this goal? Rep. Frank Pallone: I believe personally that the United States should recognize Nagorno-Karabakh. I certainly would be willing to do whatever I can to have that happen.
03.08.2009FORMATION OF THE FUTURE
Divination has always been one of those issues, which exited humanity. Almost in all the societies we know, oracles had special status and were held in high estimation. Back to the second millennium B.C. the prophetic priestess of Apollo in Delphi were known in the Ancient world for their gift of divination and before taking any initiative the kings and the warlords necessarily visited the temple. A part of “Delphic divinations” preserved and the analysis, carried out in present days evidence that the most part of the prophecies (41%) proved known realities, 32% were the orders-instructions, (i.e. do this or that step), 22% were the direction-taboos, 3% - wrong divinations, while only 2% of the divinations came true.
24.07.2009 “THINK TANKS” AND NATIONAL SECURITY
In modern age the security of civilazational-national and state structures, mainly their efficiency and compatibility, is more than ever determined by the quantity and the quality of intellectual resources of those systems, their capabilities on organization and reasonable usage in accordance with their interests. It is also known that besides traditional scientific-educational structures, institutes of academic character and higher education institutions the special research centres are also considered to be important factor of intellectual resources’ organization. It is remarkable that in the West those “think-tanks” are often called “thought fabrics”, organizations “generating national interests” or “creating ideologies” and thus they acquire more dynamic sense.
21.07.2009 “NABUCCO” GAS PIPELINE AND ARMENIA
“Nabucco” gas pipeline is one of the most ambitious energy projects. It supposes the construction of large gas pipeline network from Central Asia to Iran and Azerbaijan, which can supply the EU countries up to 80 billion cubic meters of gas annually. April and May 2009 were rather eventful and this was connected with large energy projects. “Natural Gas for Europe: Security and Partnership” summit, which took place on April 24-25 in Sofia, laid the first real foundation for the implementation of “Nabucco” gas pipeline project, which is of strategic importance for Europe.
14.07.2009EXECUTIVE GUILTY OF CONSPIRACY IN FOREIGN BRIBERY CASE By BLOOMBERG NEWS
Frederic Bourke, a founder of the handbag maker Dooney & Bourke, was convicted Friday of conspiring to pay bribes to government leaders in Azerbaijan in a 1998 oil deal. The federal jury in Manhattan returned its verdict after a monthlong trial. Jurors found that Mr. Bourke conspired with a Czech expatriate, Viktor Kozeny, to pay bribes to the former president of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev, and other leaders. The verdict is a victory for federal prosecutors as they step up enforcement of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, which bars payments to foreign officials. Few criminal cases under the law ever go to trial. “By bringing and winning the case, the government has expanded the F.C.P.A.’s coverage,” said Richard L. Cassin, the founder of the firm Cassin Law in Singapore, who also writes the FCPA blog.
13.07.2009U.S. MOVES TO SHED LIGHT ON "DARK MARKETS" CBS News Investigates: Government May Set Limits on Oil Speculators and Improve Transparency
(CBS) It was a year ago this week that crude oil prices rocketed to a record $147 a barrel, sparking widespread outrage that speculators - like banks, hedge funds and investment giants - were behind the rise. Ever since, the price of crude has been on a wild ride plunging as low as $34 a barrel in December before bouncing back to about $60 today. This has fueled new concerns that - in the midst of economic turmoil - oil speculators are at it again, pumping an estimated $200 billion into the oil futures market in just the last year, reports CBS News chief investigative correspondent Armen Keteyian.
09.07.2009PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN IRAN
On June 12 regular presidential elections took place in Iran and as a result M. Ahmadinejad was elected to a second presidential term. This article touches over the pre-electoral and post-electoral processes and tries to point out the main developments, which can take place in Iran. The electoral campaign, which preceded the June 12, distinguished itself with a number of peculiarities.
25.06.2009NAKHIJEVAN: TURKISH-AZERBAIJANI DISCREPANCIES
The recent developments in the South Caucasus round the number of key issues sidelined not less important problems of the region, among which the developments round the Nakhijevan Autonomous Republic (NA) and the involvement of the external powers, and firstly Turkey, can be mentioned. The facts evidence that especially during the last decade Turkey managed to ensure the considerable political and economic presence in the NA and this should really worry Baku. The low profile of the central Azerbaijani authorities in the issue of the activation of the Turkish factor in the region is, perhaps, determined by the logic of non-infringement of the brotherhood relations with Turkey and to exclude the speculations on the Turkish-Azerbaijani discrepancies.
18.06.2009ON REGIONAL ENERGY DEVELOPMENTS
There are at once two important events, which evidence that the recent developments in the sphere of energy are closely connected with our region. The main two topics of the summit “Natural Gas for Europe: Security and Partnership”, which took place on April 24-25 in the capital of Bulgaria Sofia, were the projects of the “Nabucco” and “South Stream” gas pipelines. “Nabucco” was also one of the main themes of “Southern Corridor: New Silk Route” summit, arranged by the EU on May 8 in Prague.
11.06.2009NATIONAL SECURITY AND IDEOLOGY
Due to ongoing system changes alongside with the reconsideration of some notions (globalization, controlled chaos and etc) there is a necessity to rethink at some extent the perceptions and connections between national security (NS) and ideology. In this context one of the most dynamic and fast changing components of the NS – informational component, which at the current stage acts as a bearer and the “spreader” of the main provisions of the national ideology, worth special mentioning.
05.06.2009KNESSET ELECTIONS AND NEW POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN ISRAEL
The main peculiarity of Israeli election system is that there are many parties taking part in the elections. Generally Israeli political space stands out by the great number of small parties. They need to clear 2% barrier to enter the Knesset. Till 2003 that barrier was 1.5%. This allows including many small parties in Knesset, which consists of 120 persons. Such a low barrier was set to provide with more political pluralism. In spite of that circumstance, today this model has many opponents and a number of parties come forward with political programmes of its reform. They emphasize that as a result of the current model, as a rule, weak coalition governments are formed, which very often depend on the mood of small parties forming that coalition.
21.05.2009FROM APPLIED TO CONCEPTUAL: POSSIBLE APPROACH TO THE FORMATION OF THE DOCTRINE OF INFORMATIONAL SECURITY OF ARMENIA
One of the directions in the elaboration of contemporary concepts of asymmetrical warfare is the impact on the backbone infrastructures of the rival-state. Those structures are otherwise called system forming infrastructures, which underline their determinant meaning for the minimal necessary level of national security protection of the country-bearer of such infrastructures.
19.05.2009ARMENIA AND ARMENIANS
18.05.2009CONTEMPORARY INFOGENIOUS CHALLENGES
The development of informational technologies and their implementation both in everyday life and in the system of management of strategic state and interstate structures brings to the growth of infogeneous risks and the critical parts, which are submitted to the extreme influence. Corresponding to the global development, the infogeneous threats for the RA and the NKR also grow. The problems connected with the non-linear growth and implementation of the means of telecommunication imposes many countries to resort to an unprecedented informational security measures.
14.05.2009ARMENIA-TURKEY: NEW POLITICAL PHASE?
Since 1993 Turkey, because of the activation of military actions in Nagorno-Karabakh, has closed its border with Armenia. And since that time there has been no full-fledged diplomatic relations between those states, the economic and trade cooperation is implemented through the third parties.
11.05.2009REGIONAL ENERGY DEVELOPMENTS
The article touches upon the recent developments in the sphere of energy in South Caucuses and neighbouring countries. The main attention is paid to the political problems in interstate collaboration in the sphere of energy. The recent month will probably be most important for Armenia this year in the context of the implementation and pointing out the prospects of energy projects. It is conditioned by the official visit of the president of Armenia to Iran in April, and the prospects of energy projects, which are very important for Armenia, are connected with that visit.
07.05.2009PROSPECTS OF ARMENIA IN THE LIGHT OF “ZONAL” ASPECT OF WORLD FINANCIAL CRISIS
World financial crisis brings its colouring to the ongoing developments in the international relations. The recent debates round the supply and the transition of energy resources incrust with the financial-borrowed elements and fluently takes the form of credit and energetic interdependences.
30.04.2009TURKISH-ISLAMIC FACTOR IN GEORGIA
Georgia is a country with complex ethnic and religious mosaic. This country is inhabited both by Christian and Muslim minorities. The number of Muslims is about half a million. Among them Sunni Georgians, who reside in Adzharia, which is contiguous with Turkey, and Shiah Azerbaijanis, which have community in Qvemo-Qartli (Azerbaijani variant Borchalu) province, which includes Marneul, Gardaban, Bolnis and Dmanis regions contiguous with Azerbaijan and Armenia. There are Muslims in other Georgian provinces too (including Tbilisi). The Krists (12.000), who belong to Vaynakh ethnic group and reside in Pankisi Gorge also practice Islam.
28.04.2009ARMENIANS IN AMERICAN POPULAR FICTION
Written at the height of the Cold War, “The Pigeon Project” (1979), tells the fictional story of the British-American scientist Davis MacDonald who has discovered the key biological factor determining human longevity. The novel opens with MacDonald celebrating his discovery in his laboratory in Suchumi, Soviet Abkhazia, where he has been studying the underlying reasons for the unusual longevity of the locals. (Interestingly, and perhaps prophetically, never once in his book does the author mention Georgia). In the best traditions of Cold War era political thrillers, the local KGB agent gets a whiff of the discovery and reports to his superiors who immediately appear on the scene trying to keep it for the Soviet Union.
27.04.2009PRESS RELEASE U.S.-Armenia Public Affairs Committee (USAPAC)
President Obama’s April 24 statement is his second lost opportunity to affirm the Armenian Genocide. On the first occasion, his visit to the Republic of Turkey, the President stated that his view on the Armenian Genocide was well known and remained unchanged, yet he chose not to utter the word “genocide”. The President then urged the Turkish government and people to face this history, just as America had done with African-Americans and Native Americans.
23.04.2009THE RELENTLESS MEMORY OF AMERICA & THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE
The current turmoil within Turkey’s politics renders this an excellent opportunity to ask whether the recognition of the Armenian genocide at the hands of Ottoman government is important simply for the sake of establishing historical justice or proving a series of events that establish historical facts. Neither US House of Representatives nor Senate should believe any harm could befall the US-Turkish strategic partnership or even escalate Armenian-Turkish relations to a much-anticipated detente in the future. The very problem lies within the representation and interpretation of the issue.
23.04.2009AT THE ORIGINS OF COMMEMORATION: THE 90TH ANNIVERSARY DECLARING APRIL 24 AS A DAY OF MOURNING AND COMMEMORATION OF THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE
A special committee was formed in Constantinople, in March 1919, by a group of Ottoman Armenian intellectuals who survived the Armenian Genocide. The main goal of this committee was the organization of commemoration ceremonies dedicated to the 4th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide.
21.04.2009 DAVID SIMONYAN : SURRENDER OF TERRITORIES TO AZERBAIJAN: STRATEGIC CONSEQUENCES FOR ARMENIA AND NAGORNO-KARABAKH
REGNUM publishes the article of security expert David Simonyan (Yerevan), which reflects his vision of the future of the Karabakh conflict. The article is published in the author’s wording. In the light of the continuing discourse on how to preserve the “favorable window of opportunities” in the Karabakh peace process, people in Armenia keep actively talking about the settlement principles that have reportedly been presented to the Armenian and Azeri presidents for discussion and possible signing. These principles stipulate that Armenian troops be withdrawn from the liberated territories and the territories, except for the Lachin corridor, be given back to Azerbaijan.
20.04.2009DEVELOPMENTS IN AND ROUND IRAN
The recent political and international developments in and round Iran are mainly connected with two important factors. Those factors are the forthcoming elections and the new US Administration’s policy towards Iran, which is still at the stage of the formation. At the same time some developments can be observed in the line of “nuclear problem”, especially, taking into the account the resumption of the talks between Iran and “the six”.
16.04.2009ISSUES OF ORGANIZATION OF ARMENIANCY
We can meet both pessimistic and optimistic and sometimes even “realistic” forecasts, which are formed by a simple combination of “bad” and “good” scenarios, on the informational field regarding the current “crisis”. Anyway it is difficult to evaluate those scenarios. The crisis processes change our notion of the system of values, and this, in its turn, makes the notion of what is “good” and “bad” rather relative.
14.04.2009THE OBAMA VISIT TO TURKEY: THE BROADER CONTEXT
While Armenia views today’s Barack Obama-Abdullah Gul meetings through the prism of border relations and genocide recognition, from the broader perspective of US national interests, Turkey is seen to now hold particular strategic significance, for three main reasons. First, the Obama Administration recognizes Turkey’s more recent role as a resurgent regional actor, with influence and access in the broader Middle East, the Black Sea and the Caucasus. Within this context, the Obama Administration is now seeking to leverage Turkey as a mediator or facilitator to deal with Syria and Israel and possibly even Afghanistan and Pakistan.
06.04.2009MUJAHIDEEN IN WAR IN KARABAKH
The institution of mujahideen in its current format was arranged in 1980-1990th during the war in Afghanistan and was connected with the realities of the “cold war”. During the whole war in Afghanistan (1979-1988) the US, particularly through the Saudi and Pakistani special services, furnished large-scale financial and military assistance to the groups fighting against Soviet army.
03.04.2009MULTIPLE-VECTOR GLOBALIZATION AND PERMANENT CHAOS
The ongoing system changes should inevitably bring to the revaluation of definite ingrained perceptions. This regards, for example, to such a foundational notion as globalization, which started to be used extensively in the end of the last century and is supposed to be one of the main terms, which characterize the realities of world order. In the context of political comments the term “chaos” is used incomparably rarely in the mass media (more often one can meet “controlled chaos” expression). However, in expert literature it is considered to be the axial, because just notion “chaos”, allows us, as far as possible, to understand and explain complex phenomena and processes.
31.03.2009ON ARMENIAN ORIENTATION OF ERGENEKON
You can steadily assert that in the recent period the developments around the terrorist organization called Ergenokon are among the most important and significant in many aspects happenings in the domestic political life on Turkey. This case is very often associated with the notion of “deep state”. It is mentioned that the disclosure of Ergenekon and trial in reality are a kind of struggle between pro-Islamic government and secular militaries. The fact that there are militaries in Ergenekon, and even high-ranked militaries, is irrefutable. It is enough to mention that at present the high-ranked Turkish militaries, e.g. famous retired general Veli Kucuk, majors Mehmet Zekeria Ozturk, Mehmet Fikri Karadag, captain Muzaffer Tekin are all targeted in the investigation either as defendants or suspects.
30.03.2009MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS IN TURKEY Minorities Emerge from Political Isolation
The EU charges that minorities in Turkey are still persecuted. But they are growing more politically active with numerous minority candidates on the ballot for this weekend's municipal elections. The country may even get its first Jewish mayor. It may be the quietest voting district in Istanbul -- no smog, no traffic jams, no police sirens. On the Princes' Islands, in the Sea of Marmara, only horse-drawn carriages are allowed, and those only for tourists.
Everything that happens in the world today is characterized by the expert community as a system crisis. This wording is reasonable, because considerable changes, accompanied by economical recession, expansion of terrorism, creation of new seats of instability, take place almost in all areas of life activity. The main process going on in the political space is the creation of multi-polar world order. The geopolitical outlines of this new system are very dim and the rules of the game are not laid down yet. This dictates terms to the international actors, who have to clarify their current policy and to elaborate new tactics. The foregoing tendencies are reasonable.
23.03.2009ARMENIAN-IRANIAN RELATIONS AND ENERGETIC AND TRANSPORT PROGRAMMES OF IRAN
Armenian-Iranian relations entered into an active development stage in recent years and this is conditioned by the fact that the implementation of economic programmes began to play an important role in the interstate cooperation. Armenia-Iran gas pipeline, which construction has already been over, is only a pert of the economic cooperation. The oil refinery, built on the territory of Armenia, the construction of Armenia-Iran railway can give a fresh impulse to interstate relations. At the same time, the implementation of these programmes cannot only be a part of exclusively Armenian-Iranian relations.
19.03.2009TURKEY: THE PROSPECT OF BECOMING INTERNATIONAL ENERGETIC CENTRE
According to the special report “Turkey’s Energy Strategy”1 presented by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey in 2008, this country is in close vicinity of 72,7% of proven oil reserves and 71,8% of proven natural gas. Taking into account the well-known geographic advantages of Turkey it becomes clear which are the strategic objectives of that country. Though in previous years there a lot of work was done to make Turkey the international energetic centre and the oil pipeline “Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyran” which was opened in 2006-2007 and “Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum” gas pipeline...
According to a long-hidden document that belonged to the interior minister of the Ottoman Empire, 972,000 Ottoman Armenians disappeared from official population records from 1915 through 1916. In Turkey, any discussion of what happened to the Ottoman Armenians can bring a storm of public outrage. But since its publication in a book in January, the number — and its Ottoman source — has gone virtually unmentioned. Newspapers hardly wrote about it. Television shows have not discussed it. “Nothing,” said Murat Bardakci, the Turkish author and columnist who compiled the book.
09.03.2009OBAMA TRIP TO TURKEY WITHIN WEEKS
President Barack Obama will visit Turkey "in a month or so", US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has said on a visit to Ankara. She met Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan in the first visit by a member of the new US administration to Turkey. Turkey's foreign minister said Ankara was ready to re-launch indirect talks between Syria and Israel. Mrs Clinton said the importance of building relations between Israel and Syria could not be overstated. Turkey was mediating those talks until recently, but Foreign Minister Ali Babacan said any request to resume that role must come from both sides. "President Obama will be visiting Turkey within the next month or so," said Mrs Clinton, at a joint news conference with Mr Babacan.
The viability of any civilization, alongside with other factors, is determined by the high level of the military thought and, of course, by the will and the ability to fight and to win. In this context the history of Armenian civilization is not an exception; it is also the continuous integrity of military art and victories. Meanwhile, it should be accepted that in spite of the valuable historical evidences and separate contemporary researches, the systematized analytical history of our victories had not been covered and presented to the Armenian and international community. In our opinion, this is the omission not only from the point of view of Armenian historiography.
05.03.2009“AUCTION OF SOULS” OR “MEMORIAL OF TRUTH”
“Ravished Armenia”, one of the first documentary memoirs of an eyewitness of Armenian Genocide was published in 1918, in New York. In this book Arshaluys (Aurora) Mardiganian, a girl from Chmshkatsag, Armenian populated town in the Ottoman Empire, gave a detailed account of the terrible experiences she endured during the deportations. At the age of fourteen Arshaluys was beaten and tortured in harems of Turkish officials and Kurdish tribesmen.
05.03.2009PROBLEM OF ETHNIC ORIGIN ON THE POLITICAL AGENDA IN TURKEY
Many developments and processes in Turkey directly state that the issue of identity is one of the central problems in the country. Even at present from time to time the issue of ethnic origin appears at the epicenter of various important processes and is actively discussed being the object of interest for politicians, analysts, press. It is necessary to mention that the issue of ethnic origin is also topical in the context of both external and internal political problems of Turkey. It is not a secret that Turkey uses the issue of ethnic origin in its foreign policy and this is one of the most important bases for the propagation of pan-Turkish ideas.
02.03.2009TURKEY: THE POLITICAL CONTEXT OF ENERGETIC DEVELOPMENTS
Recently it has been much spoken about the prospects of Turkey to become an international energetic centre. For example, according to some calculations presented by the Ministry of the Foreign Affairs of that country in 2008 if Turkey’s oil transportation capacities (first of all oil pipelines) go on working with the same extent and if the planned projects are implemented then in 2012 6-7% of oil will flow through the territory of Turkey.
26.02.2009NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN CENTRAL ASIA AND NEAR EAST
The beginning of 2009 was marked by the developments of political, military and economic character, which may cause some changes in the situation in Central Asia and Near East. The activation of implementation of “Nabucco” project, the new quality of collaboration between Turkey and Iran in the sphere of energetic, the decision of authorities of Kirgizstan to withdraw American military base from the country must be regarded as the most important ones.
23.02.2009ON THE PROSPECTS OF THE RELATIONS BETWEEN THE USA AND CHINA
The relations between the US and China are one of the main problems in multi-polar world. Their orientation and content, obviously, will essentially influence global policy, military and political and economic developments. Meanwhile, there are quite contrary analytical approaches connected with the character of those relations. Some analysts (mainly economists) tend to the opinion that the US and the PRC coalesced to such an extent in the sphere of economy and finances (today 10% of the import in the US belongs to China) that in the future they will integrate economically and make a whole.
19.02.2009AFGHANISTAN 20 YEARS AFTER THE SOVIET WITHDRAWAL
February 15 will mark the twentieth anniversary of the withdrawal of the Soviet troops from Afghanistan. On that day, the last Soviet soldier, Lieut. Gen. Boris V. Gromov, the commander of the Soviet forces in Afghanistan, walked across the “Friendship Bridge” linking the Afghan border town of Hayratan with Termez, in the Soviet Union, bringing to an end the costly and disastrous nine-year Soviet military involvement in Afghanistan, which began in December 1979. The withdrawal of the 100,000 Soviet troops from Afghanistan was completed on February 15, 1989, pursuant to the Geneva Accords, signed on April 14, 1988 between Afghanistan and Pakistan, with the United States and the Soviet Union serving as guarantors.
16.02.2009ARMENIAN AND REGIONAL ENERGETIC PROCESSES IN THE CONTEXT OF INFORMATION SUPPORT
What should be the basis for regional informational security? What should be a guide-line for Armenia on the global competitive resource market where the companies from the countries, which do not have enough hydrocarbon resources to support their economic development, are extensively included? What is the place of Armenia on the energetic map of the region? And finally, what is the role of information support in the elaboration and promotion of particular projects in energetic? The answers to these questions play a key role in the process of elaboration of the efficient policy directed to the real integration of the countries of the region in the sphere of energetic.
12.02.2009DEEP CONCERN IN BAKU AFTER CSTO NEWS
The summit of the heads of states of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) on February 4 in Moscow brought unexpected, yet alarming news for Baku. The members of the organization have decided to create collective rapid reaction forces: the first ever joint military forces between these republics of the former Soviet Union. Regional analysts have immediately labeled it as another attempt by the Kremlin to come closer to the restoration of the Soviet Union.
In 1947 in accordance with the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 187/II, two states had to be created on the territory of Palestine: one Arab and one Jewish. 14.1 thousand square km or 56% of the Palestine territory were given to Israel and 11.1 thousand square km or 43%1 of the territory were given to Arabs. In fact the partition of Palestine was made in favour of Jews, because at that moment or even after Jewish immigration, Arabs in Palestine were three times as much as Jews. The immigration of Jews, their settlement in Palestine and finally the creation of Jewish state caused the opposition of Palestinians which has transformed into a permanent confrontation.
04.02.2009COLLABORATION BETWEEN IRAN AND TURKEY WILL REHABILITATE NABUCCO AND WEAKEN THE ROLE OF AZERBAIJAN Sevak Sarukhanyan’s interview with IA REGNUM
Lately Turkish government has actively lobbied the participation of Iran in NABUCCO gas pipeline project; because they realize that this project cannot be implemented without Tehran. This statement was made by the vice director of “Noravank” foundation Sevak Sarukhanyan in the interview with IA REGNUM.
02.02.2009ON THE PROSPECTS OF THE RELATIONS BETWEEN THE US AND IRAN
Though the biggest expectations from the work of the new US administration concern the financial and economical spheres, but there are also many questions in the sphere of foreign policy which require tough decisions from the 44th president of the United States.
29.01.2009NATIONALIZATION GETS A NEW, SERIOUS LOOK
Only five days into the Obama presidency, members of the new administration and Democratic leaders in Congress are already dancing around one of the most politically delicate questions about the financial bailout: Is the president prepared to nationalize a huge swath of the nation’s banking system? Privately, most members of the Obama economic team concede that the rapid deterioration of the country’s biggest banks, notably Bank of America and Citigroup, is bound to require far larger investments of taxpayer money, atop the more than $300 billion of taxpayer money already poured into those two financial institutions and hundreds of others. But if hundreds of billions of dollars of new investment is needed to shore up those banks, and perhaps their competitors, what do taxpayers get in return? And how do the risks escalate as government’s role expands from a few bailouts to control over a vast portion of the financial sector of the world’s largest economy?
29.01.2009THE FORMAT OF OSCE MINSK GROUP WILL NOT CHANGE Gagik Harutyunyan’s interview with IA REGNUM
The meeting of the president of Armenia Serj Sargsyan and the president of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliev, which will take place on January 28 in Zurich, does not bode any changes for the negotiation process on the arrangement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and this is only the next scheduled meeting in a row of such meetings. This was said by the director of “Noravank” foundation Gagik Harutyunyan in the interview with IA REGNUM. In the expert’s opinion the regular meeting of the presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan, which was arranged by co-Chairman states of OSCE Minsk group, can not be also regarded as the last one or summarizing or the “swan song” for this format as many analysts think.
29.01.2009DEVELOPMENTS IN DOMESTIC POLICY OF IRAN
The presidential elections, which are to be held in June 2009 in Iran, and their probable developments are the main processes to influence domestic and foreign policy of the country. On January 13th the ex-president of Iran M. Khatami made an unexpected statement that he was definitely going to take part in the forthcoming presidential elections and if he did not in some way, he and the “Union of struggling clergymen” which represents the reformers camp would put forward another candidate, the ex-prime minister Hussein Mussavi.
27.01.2009ON THE POLICY OF RUSSIA ON POST-SOVIET TERRITORY
Though the new treaty, which was signed between Russia and Ukraine, generally settled the matter of Russian gas supply to Ukraine and its transmission to the EU, but the issue still remains open. The point is that Moscow and Kiev have not come to an agreement about long-term price on natural gas1. And this means that parties have not also come to an agreement about long-term price for gas transmission to Europe through the territory of Ukraine2. Hence, one thing is clear that the causes of the crisis are not excluded yet. Though the parties have clarified the rules of the game for this year, the crisis may be repeated in the long term.
26.01.2009THE FIRST MEETING OF THE GROUP WORKING ON INFORMATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY DOCTRINE OF ARMENIA
On December 22nd the first meeting of interagency working group, which is to work out informational security strategy doctrine of Armenia, took place under the chairmanship of the secretary of National Security Council Arthur Baghdasaryan. In accordance with the press-service of National Security Council, Baghadasaryan mentioned the importance of country’s informational security and offered basic principles to that issue. The working out of the informational security doctrine is covered by national security doctrine and also by the program of the Council of Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) for 2009.
26.01.2009CHALLENGES OF MULTI-POLAR WORLD
Amid the world system crisis the main ideological provisions are revaluated. As a result essential changes take place in political sphere and the most essential of those changes is the creation of multi-polar world order. The geopolitical outlines of this new system are very dim and the rules of the game are not laid down yet. This dictates terms to the international actors. They have to specify their political tactics and to produce basically new strategy. The foregoing tendencies are reasonable. The political philosophy of the United States turned out to be plain and many countries reacted adequately on it. Today there are several centers of global power; their relations comply with the logic of new cold war and turn into military (local wars), diplomatic and informational conflicts.
19.01.2009THERE IS NO MORE STRATEGIC ALLIANCE BETWEEN ANKARA AND TEL-AVIV G.Harutyunayan’s interview with IA REGNUM
Turkey and Israel are not strategic partners any more. This kind of partnership supposes the coincidence of strategic interests and there is no such thing at present. This was said by the Director of “Noravank” Foundation Gagik Harutyunyan in an interview with IA REGNUM, when he commented on the recent developments in relations between Ankara and Tel-Aviv, i.e. the demand of Turkish prime-minister Recep Erdogan to bar Israel from the UN.
19.01.2009FORMATION OF THE “POLYIDEOLOGICAL” SOCIETIES
Everything that happens in the world today is characterized by the expert community as a system crisis. This wording is reasonable, because considerable changes, accompanied by economical recession, expansion of terrorism, creation of new seats of instability, take place almost in all areas of life activity. It should be mentioned that the forecasts of these developments are contradictive. The current situation contains risks for all the actors of international community, whether they are superstates or “common” countries. Threat and chance. The emergency situations suppose coordinated strategy and centralization of all resources of state and society.
12.01.2009REGIONAL DEVELOPMENTS AND ARMENIAN NATIONAL SECURITY
The region of the South Caucasus has long served as an arena for competing regional powers and, for much of the past two centuries, has been hostage to the competing interests of much larger regional powers, as neighboring Russia, Turkey and Iran which have jockeyed for power and influence. And those very historic powers -- Russia, Turkey and Iran – continue to exert influence today as the dominant actors in the region. This competition has not only continued in the wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union, but has only intensified with the onset of new opportunities for engagement and energy-based interests.
25.12.2008SYSTEM SECURITY AND INFORMATION SECURITY OF ARMENIANCY
The information factor within the current period has acquired a crucial role in nearly all fields of personal, communal, governmental, and national activities. It is the management of information that makes it possible to monitor and duly register the rapidly changing world events. Diverse information activities and wars today moved into a political plane, having become one of the most important instruments of world politics, economics and ideology. With regard to the system security of Armeniancy, this new political information situation carries a hazardous challenge as well as new opportunities. However, those urgent questions of the information domain of Armeniancy remained unheeded by the scientific analytical community.
25.12.2008ANNOUNCING THE PUBLIC COUNCIL ON FOREIGN POLICY AND SECURITY ISSUES
A group of public figures of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic have come together to establish the Council on Foreign Policy and Scurity Issues. The Council seeks to mobilize the intellectual potential to help address issues facing Artsakh in the realms of foreign policy and security.
11.12.2008MUMBAI ATTACKS RAISE QUESTIONS ON INDIA'S ABILITY TO COMBAT TERROR
As more details emerge about the Mumbai attacks, questions are stirring on India's ability to prevent and respond to terrorism. Analysts examine the government's response and what it means for larger security issues. JUDY WOODRUFF: Terror in Mumbai, India. We start with a report on how the militants carried out their attacks. The correspondent is Nick Paton Walsh of Independent Television News.
08.12.2008NAGORNO-KARABAKH – UNTIED TIES An attempt of geopolitical analysis
While speaking about “frizen conflicts” the international analytical community, basing on various political and global interests, often takes under a common umbrella the processes relating to the international status of not recognized states of Post-Soviet territory. However, the new factual classification of those conflicts has been clearly outlined recently, according to which now they are observed due to supremacy of the Russian component – Abkhazia, Predniester, South Ossetia, and without supremacy of the Russian component – Nagorno-Karabakh, problems. Such a distinction is resulted by a number of factors, including maximal independent position of the Armenian parties and characteristic geopolitical peculiarities of the NKR conflict.
04.12.2008TURKISH “NATION STATE” PRECONDITIONS
In the beginning of November of the current year the Turkish Defense Minister Vecdi Gonul paid an official visit to Brussels to take part in the meeting of the European Union Defense Ministers. The latter one made a speech in the ceremony in commemoration of Ataturk held on November 10 in the Turkish embassy in Brussels and expressed a very noteworthy and, at the same time, scandalous idea connected with Turkish “nation state.” According to him, for the homogeneous form of up-to-date Turkey they are obliged to a number of circumstances – the exchange of population between Turkey and Greece in 1923, according to which the Greeks inhabited in Turkey were exiled to Greece...
01.12.2008ALIYEV’S STATEMENTS MEANT TO EXERT PRESSURE ON ARMENIA
Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev’s statements can be explained by the world crisis, which certainly affected Azerbaijan’s economy and also by a new trend of the Karabakh conflict, which emerged after adoption of the Moscow declaration, according to a Russian expert. In an interview with RAI International Italian language channel, Ilham Aliyev stated that the declaration “doesn’t contain a provision reading that Azerbaijan obliges to refrain from a military resolution of the conflict and therefore, any kind of measures, including use of force and admissible.” “The world crisis did affect Azerbaijan and under the circumstances, unsettlement of the Karabakh conflict can be used as a tool distracting the population from urgent issues,” Andrey Areshev, expert at the Strategic Culture Foundation...
27.11.2008TURKEY AND AZERBAIJAN UNDERTOOK RECONSIDERATION OF THEIR RELATIONS WITH ARMENIA BECAUSE OF LIFE DIFFICULTIES, Thinks G.Harutyunyan (“Noravank” Foundation)
“Turkey and Azerbaijan undertook reconsideration of their relations with Armenia because of life difficulties.” Such an opinion was expressed by the Director of “Noravank” Foundation in course of round-table discussions on the subject “Tendency of Armenia’s foreign policy development from the standpoint of national security” organized by the Institute for Civil, Social and Regional Progress with support of the Friedtich Ebert Foundation.
24.11.2008ON IRAN-US PERSPECTIVE OF RELATIONS
B.Obama’s victory in the presidential elections in the US may result changes in Washington’s Near-Eastern policy. Obama’s announcement about his readiness to carry on negotiations with Iran’s authorities may report certain progress in Iran-US relations.
20.11.2008ACTIVATION OF THE ISLAMIC FACTOR IN THE NORTH OF AZERBAIJAN
According to quite contradicting information spread by Azerbaijani mass media in November 10 and the days to follow in the North of Azerbaijan, Dagestan bordering Kusar and Ghubai districts1, were held military operations between armed forces and a Salafi (or Wahhabi) religious-political military grouping called “Forest brothers.”
18.11.2008NO FINAL SETTLEMENT WILL BE REACHED ON KARABAKH CONFLICT AS NKR DOESN’T PARTICIPATE IN NEGOTIATIONS The interview of the NKR president Bako Sahakyan given to “Freedom” radio station
All the attempts to settle the Karabakh conflict without participation of its main party – Nagorno-Karabakh, are not sufficient. This was announced by the NKR President Bako Sahakyan in his interview given to “Freedom” radio station while commenting on Armenian-Azerbaijani-Russian declaration on the Karabakh conflict settlement. “The fact that the international community, the countries of the region, mediators try to have influence and bring the issue to its logical end is of course welcomed. It is the matter of dialogue and the necessity of this dialogue has been accentuated in our announcements through all these years.
13.11.2008ON THE ISSUES OF SCIENCE
On November 5, 2008 in the Committee for Science and Educational of the National Assembly were held hearings devoted to science problems in the context of national security. A talk was given by “Noravank” Foundation Director, political scientist Gagik Harutyunyan. In the context of today’s global systematic crisis occur changes of not only geographical and geopolitical character; first of all is changed global system of values. Virtual, speculative perceptions prevailing in the past have a tendency to turn into real values. In this sense knowledge is more than a real resource: it is noteworthy that some experts suggest accepting currencies named INFO or INTEL instead of dollar or euro. Another characteristic trait of up-to-date processes is the raise of state factor in all the fields which grounds application of not only liberal but first of all state-institutional approaches.
13.11.2008KARABAKH MAY DISAGREE WITH RESULTS OF ANY NEGOTIATIONS BASING ON ITS NOT PARTICIPATING IN THEM Gagik Harutyunyan’s interview to REGNUM
Signing of Armenian-Azerbaijani-Russian declaration has come to prove about a new important milestone in Karabakh conflict regulation. It was announced by the director of “Noravank” Foundation Gagik Harutyunyan in his interview with an ИА REGNUM correspondent. The expert mentioned the fact that for the first time after 1994 the document was signed not only by the Armenian and Azerbaijani parties but also, in the very case, by the Russian one. “After South Ossetian conflict the situation in the region has changed and Russia’s stocks are rising rapidly.
10.11.2008ARTSAKH WELCOMES 44th AMERICAN PRESIDENT Looks Forward to Expanded Cooperation with New U.S. Administration
NKR President Bako Sahakian congratulated the U.S. President-elect Barack Obama on his election victory, calling it an “epoch-making event both in American history and for the world democracy." In his November 6 letter, President Sahakian highly appreciated the ongoing American economic assistance to Nagorno Karabakh and the U.S. mediation efforts as co-chair of the OSCE Minsk Group. Bako Sahakian expressed confidence that under the new Administration “the ties between the two countries will become much stronger and more diversified”. Elected the 44th president of the United States, Barack Obama has advocated for further deepening of the U.S.-Armenia ties and for formal recognition of the 1915 Armenian Genocide.
10.11.2008NEW ENERGETIC SITUATION IN SOUTH CAUCASUS
The political situation after South Ossetian war in South Caucasus changed which influenced the security of the energy supply. West changed its former opinion about the region. The countries of the region, for which the status of energy supplier is of strategic importance, begin looking for new ways of strengthening their former position.
06.11.2008ISLAMIC FACTOR IN AZERBAIJAN (In the period of presidential elections)
The victory at the presidential elections held on October 15 was won by the candidate of the ruling party “Yeni Azerbaijan,” the ruling president Ilham Aliev, who was ahead of the polling list gathering 89% of votes. It is noteworthy that almost all the opposition parties, none of which was at all an influential oppositionist in Azerbaijan, boycotted the elections. The pre-election process in Azerbaijan was comparatively quiet. Perhaps the only exclusion was the explosion set off on August 17 during the evening prayer in the Sunni mosque Abu Bakir (Baku) as a result of which were killed and wounded many people.
30.10.2008NEW IRAN-WEST DEVELOPMENTS
On June 2009 in Iran will be held presidential elections which will have important role for the country’s home and foreign policy. Iran’s relations with the West – US and EU, which have recently displayed a tendency of positive developments, will not be an exception. The announcement made by Vice President of Iran I. Mashai on June 2008 at the conference devoted to tourism has acquired an important role in home policy processes and informational plane of the country. He announced: “none of the nations of the world is our enemy. Iran is the friend of the US and Israel and respects these states. We think that Americans are one of the greatest nations of the world.”
27.10.2008STATE – CHURCH – SOCIETY: ISSUES OF SPIRITUAL SECURITY
As it is known the first and foremost task of national security is preservation of national system of values, and, first of all, its spiritual component. At the same time, real spiritual values are universal, and, accordingly, much significant than the national ones, that’s why their preservation is the matter of national security. While considering the issue from this standpoint, it is worth taking into consideration that spiritual security of Armenia is not only conditioned by mere “Armenian” motives. The considerable part of our spiritual values has a character common to all mankind and, in that way, makes a part of the world civilization system.
27.10.2008NEW KARABAKH DOCUMENTARY PREMIERE ON YOUTUBE
You are invited to be among the firsts to see a new documentary on Nagorno Karabakh Republic, Artsakh “The Struggle for Freedom”, which is now posted on our Artsakh Online YouTube Channel.
06.10.2008INSTITUTE FOR ARMENIAN STUDIES IN ANKARA
In summer 2001 in Ankara was founded the Institute for Armenian Studies Organization. It works in cooperation with Turkey’s “Eurasian” Center for Strategic Studies. The latter one is one of the biggest centers in Turkey carrying out strategic researches.
29.09.2008ON TURKEY’S NEW UNDERTAKING IN SOUTH CAUCASUS
The five day long war in August between Russia and Georgia have resulted important changes in South Caucasus. It is still early to speak about the final results; however, it is already known the main tendency – strengthening of Russia’s geopolitical position in the region.
25.09.2008ENERGY FACTOR IN SOUTH CAUCASUS IN THE CONTEXT OF THE LATEST DEVELOPMENTS
Georgia’s military operations against South Ossetia and Russia’s tough counter attack may have serious influence on energy projects carried out in South Caucasus. Below are represented our observations about possible influence of the crisis on regional energy programs. The issue of the utmost importance from the standpoint of energy policy, which began on August 8 after Georgia-Russia military clash, is connected with viability of Baku-Ceyhan oil pipe-line. In quite a strange way three days before the war (on the 5th of August) an explosion was set off in the Turkish segment of Baku-Ceyhan pipe-line.
18.09.2008AVOIDING MORE SUFFERING IN THE CAUCASUS
Yesterday, the Wall Street Journal published NKR Representative Vardan Barseghian’s letter to the editor in response to an article on recent events in the South Caucasus and prospects for peace. NKR Representative said in part: As civilians came under indiscriminate shelling last month in South Ossetia, uneasy memories were rekindled for many of us in the Caucasus who lived through the wars of the early 1990s. As Thomas De Waal correctly mentions ("Caucasus Burning," editorial features, Aug. 19) if a new war breaks out in Nagorno-Karabakh -- read: if Azerbaijan attacks Karabakh - it could result in even greater suffering and regional destabilization than what we have observed in Georgia.
13.09.2008INFORMATION SUPPORT TO THE SOUTH OSSETIAN WAR
The war in Ossetia became significant from the standpoint of taking information measures by the side of all the parities involved in the conflict. Taking into consideration the fact that the military operations became quite unexpected and lasted for only several days, the strength of information war turned up to prove itself which resulted involving huge resources. As a whole, the Georgian party worked more efficiently for the foreign recipient whereas, Russian propaganda by its form was more targeting the internal recipient.
11.09.2008OSSETIA WAR: LESSONS FOR ARMENIA
Within hours the long-running stand-off between Georgia and Russia-backed South Ossetia became a full-blown war causing hundreds of deaths and thousands of injuries, primarily among Ossetians but also among the now-decimated Georgian army. The fighting took place less than 100 miles from Armenia and had an immediate impact on it. Above all, it exposed the security vacuum in the region, of which Armenia is also a part.
09.09.2008GEORGIA EAGER TO REBUILD ITS DEFEATED ARMED FORCES
Just weeks after Georgia’s military collapsed in panic in the face of the Russian Army, its leaders hope to rebuild and train its armed forces as if another war with Russia is almost inevitable. Georgia is already drawing up lists of options, including restoring the military to its prewar strength or making it a much larger force with more modern equipment, like air-defense systems, modern antiarmor rockets and night-vision devices.
04.09.2008ACCORDING TO GAGIK HARUTYUNYAN THE PRECEDENT OF SOUTH OSSETIA IS GRIEVOUS, BUT IT MAY FURTHER SETTELING THE KARABAKH CONFLICT
Before Georgian-Russian conflict has begun Russia had already made a decision to raise the economic relations with South Ossetia and Abkhazia to the state level. In other words, these economic relations had already acquired legal character making a ground for the sovereignty of the two countries to be recognized. The director of “Noravank” Foundation, political scientist Gagik Harutyunyan mentioned in his conversation with us that after the early August events the probability of recognition of the non-recognized republics is quite high.
04.09.2008ARMENIA AND THE NEW TURKISH PROPOSAL
As the conflict in Georgia over the past two weeks has so demonstrably confirmed, there is a glaring need for stability in the South Caucasus region. As part of a broader Turkish initiative to assert geopolitical influence, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has recently launched a new bid for bolstering stability and security in the region.
03.09.2008BESIDES RUSSIA THERE WILL BE OTHER COUNTRIES WHICH WILL RECOGNIZE THE INDEPENDENCE OF ABKHAZIA AND SOUTH OSSETIA
Legal recognitions of the independence of Karabakh by Armenia is possible any appropriate time and if it doesn’t happen it means there are probably certain reasons. This opinion was expressed by the Director of “Noravank” Foundation Gagik Harutyunyan in his interview given to ИА REGNUM. “If I’m not mistaken, the RA president said that in case Karabakh was under the threat of military conflict they would the very day conclude a corresponding treaty of alliance.
01.09.2008THE RUSSO-GEORGIAN WAR AND THE BALANCE OF POWER
The Russian invasion of Georgia has not changed the balance of power in Eurasia. It simply announced that the balance of power had already shifted. The United States has been absorbed in its wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as potential conflict with Iran and a destabilizing situation in Pakistan. It has no strategic ground forces in reserve and is in no position to intervene on the Russian periphery.
21.07.2008SOME ISSUES OF “INFORMATION SOCIETY”
The terms “information society” or “society of knowledge” are more and more often used in the Armenian mass media or by social-political figures. This tendency has come to prove the fact that at the present stage of development in our society are again forming positive attitude to information and its main component - knowledge.
17.07.2008AZERBAIJANI MASS MEDIA: TECHNOLOGIES OF INFORMATION ACTIVITY
In the article is spoken about information activity carried out in the Azerbaijani mass media classified by their main directions and the names given to them conventionally. It is especially accentuated the fact that a seriously prepared, far reaching information warfare is being waged against Armenia not yielding to open military operations and even posing serious dangers. «Factor of priority.» The forefather of this principle may be considered one of the outstanding leaders of Nazi Germany – Doctor Gebels.
10.07.2008ISSUES OF ARMENIA’S CYBER SECURITY
Year by year Azerbaijan strengthens its positions in the information front. It is connected with the fact that official Baku has begun devoting more attention and finances to this issue. In its turn Turkey traditionally demonstrates the state approach to the very question.It is already the fourth year that the Azerbaijani country has been waging a war against the Azerbaijani segment of internet. Azerbaijani hackers are periodically joined by the Turkish ones. Thus, in February 2007 were hacked the sites of the ombudsman, “De Facto” agency and the one of the National Statistic service under test.
07.07.2008PROPAGANDISTIC ACTIVITIES OF AZERBAIJANI “DIASPORA”
The Azerbaijani community organizations taking roots abroad don’t hide that one of their main problems is to carry out active propagandistic work against Armenia, and, according to the Azerbaijani party, “let the world know all the truth about Azerbaijan.” On March 16, 2006, at the second Conference of World Azerbaijanis held in Baku, Ilham Aliyev mentioned...
03.07.2008IRAN: POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS
On May 28 the newly elected parliament of Iran elected a new speaker. As a result of voting the new head of Majlis became the ex-president of Public Television and Radio, the former secretary of the Supreme National Security Council Ali Larijani. Larijani’s victory may have an important influence both on the activity of Majlis and the course of events in preparation to presidential elections to be held next year.
26.06.2008RUSSIAN ENERGY SECTOR OPAQUENESS
Mr. Chairman, honorable members of the committee, I ask that my full written statement be included in the record. Today I want to address the question of criminality and the lack of transparency in the Russian energy sector. The reason for this is that in the near future the United States will become more dependent on LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) imports from Russia. Last year Gazprom executives stated that they intend to supply up to 20 percent of the US LNG market by 2015. And while this will help America meet its energy needs, the LNG business needs to be fully transparent and in compliance with American law.
26.06.2008ISLAMIC PROCESSES IN AZERBAIJAN
Religious processes in post-Soviet Islamic secular republics, including Azerbaijan, have their specificity. They considerably differ from analogical processes occurring in other regions where Islam is traditionally spread and where Islamic institutionalism has deep historical roots. In the Soviet period, being deprived of social-political role, Islam in Azerbaijan was reduced to traditional and everyday functions. After independence was gained the role of Islam was overestimated: it became one of the component parts of Azerbaijani identity. Great number of old and new mosques and religious schools (madrasah) were opened, was formed a strata of people who got education in well known foreign Islamic centers.
23.06.2008OIL, OLIGARCHS, AND OPPORTUNITY:ENERGY FROM CENTRAL ASIA TO EUROPE
The Committee has asked me to provide background on how the Clinton-Gore administration recognized the significance of Caspian energy, and how it then organized itself to deal with this subject. As I understand it, however, the Committee’s interest is prospective rather than historical. It wants to know what elements of this experience may be valid, as the United State turns to face the accelerating and multiple strategic challenges arising from energy. This testimony will therefore be structured as an historical account, interspersed with markers to indicate what may be lessons of continuing importance, and ending with a brief set of recommendations.
23.06.2008INFORMATION WARFARE AND NAGORNO-KARABAKH REPUBLIC
It is obvious that the NKR information security (IS) issues have their specificity: according to many objective indices, this second Armenian Republic is in the fore part of the information warfare front. At the same time it is to be stressed up that the IS issues of the NKR should always be considered in the context of Armenia’s IS (RA, NKR and from the informational standpoint - Javakhk) and the Armenian people. Separate, discrete perception of IS of the mentioned subjects is methodically wrong and counterproductive.
22.06.2008KERKORIAN BUYS MORE SHARES OF FORD
Just two days after a meeting with top executives at Ford Motor, the financier Kirk Kerkorian disclosed Thursday that he had increased his stake in the automaker by another 20 million shares. Kerkorian's Tracinda Corp. said in a regulatory filing that it had increased its stake in Ford to 6.49 percent from about 5.6 percent. Tracinda now owns 140.8 million shares of Ford, putting Kerkorian's investment in the company at an estimated $1 billion. The move by Kerkorian, 91, comes after a meeting Tuesday in Las Vegas with Ford's executive chairman, William Ford Jr., and its chief executive, Alan Mulally. Ford Motor described the 90-minute meeting as positive, and said it welcomed the confidence that Kerkorian had shown in its turnaround efforts.
19.06.2008OIL, OLIGARCHS, AND OPPORTUNITY: ENERGY FROM CENTRAL ASIA TO EUROPE
Mr. Chairman, Senator Lugar and distinguished members of the Committee, thank you for the opportunity to appear before you today. As diversification away from Russian and Russian-controlled energy transportation across Europe and Eurasia is critically important for America’s national security interests, I am honored to be able to share my views with you on this critical topic. Top-level US engagement is essential for the establishment of the Central Asia-Europe Energy Corridor. At risk is the future of the vast space Russia considers as its backyard: the Eurasian, Black Sea and Baltic Sea regions. European Union solidarity and transatlantic unity are also in danger.
19.06.2008DISCUSSIONS ON THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE COMMEMORATION DAY IN TURKISH MASS MEDIA
Like every year, this year as well, the commemoration of the Armenian Genocide was in the center of attention of mass media, various analytical centers, politicians and governmental system. Special attention is to be devoted to the analysis of events held in the RA and Diaspora on the occasion of the anniversary, placed in the web page of the Institute for Armenian research of Ankara (IAR) (www.eraren.org) on April 21.
16.06.2008INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE IN THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN (FROM THE SERIES OF “ARMENIA AND ITS NEIGHBORS”)
On may 15-18 the head of “Noravank” Foundation’s “Diasporeal studies” program, PhD in History Tamara Vardanyan took part in the international conference organized by the Michigan University “Armenian studies” program. the conference titled “Georgia: The Making of a National Culture” was participated by prominent specialists from Georgia (10 participants), the US different universities (8), Russia (2), Armenia (1), Australia (2), Japan (1), Canada (1), France (2), Turkey (1), Switzerland (1).
12.06.2008THE AZERBAIJAN-TURKEY-US RELATIONSHIP AND ITS IMPORTANCE FOR EURASIA
On December 10, 2007, the Washington D.C. hosted a conference on “The Azerbaijan – Turkey – US Relationship and its importance to Eurasia” organized by the Azerbaijan-Turkey Business Association (ATIB), Hudson Institute’s Center for Eurasian Policy (CEP), and the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute (CACI) at Johns Hopkins University-SAIS. Being a continuation of ATIB’s mission to foster good relations first between Turkey and Azerbaijan, and then among Turkey, Azerbaijan, and other countries participants, mostly policymakers and analysts, were discussing the challenges and opportunities for their three countries in Eurasia. It is noteworthy that similar conference was organized by ATIB in Moscow in October to examine the Azerbaijan-Turkey- Russia trilateral relationship in Eurasia.
12.06.2008ARE ARMENIAN-TURKISH RELATIONS HEADED FOR BREAKTHROUGH -- OR BREAKDOWN?
Since his inauguration less than two months ago, Armenian President Serzh Sarkisian has been hobbled by a daunting set of challenges, ranging from internal political tension that shows little sign of dissipating to a looming economic crisis driven by sharp price rises for food and energy that is only expected to worsen in coming months. Yet even against this backdrop of internal challenges, there have been recent signs suggesting a possible new opportunity for a breakthrough in Armenia's strained relationship with its western neighbor, Turkey.
09.06.2008ANTI-IRANIAN MOODS IN ARABIC CIRCLES
The Summit of the League of Arabic States (LAS) held on March 29-30, 2008 once again revealed contradictions between Iran and the Arabic World. The leading Arabic countries (in particular Saudi Arabia, the countries of Persian Gulf, Egypt, Jordan), which were to some extent taking American interests into consideration, are concerned with the fact of Iran’s active intervention in Arabic politics. Anti-Iranian tendency is not new in the Arabic World and is conditioned by political and religious factors. Iran is one of the exclusive Islamic states which has majority if Shiite population, whereas the main part of population of Arabic countries and the Islamic World on the whole profess Sunnism.
06.06.2008THE WORLD-SPREAD ARMENIANS’ ORGANIZATION ISSUES Information-network-centric system
While discussing relations among different segments of Armenians, are usually studied mutually exclusive approaches. As a rule, the politicians and experts representing Armenia say that these approaches must be “Armeniacentric,” and the Armenians must be consolidated in their native land. Our compatriots from other countries express themselves more reservedly: they point out the specificity of Diaspora and hint at today’s not that favorable situation in Armenia. Such a difference in opinions is more conditioned by mental peculiarities of the representatives of different segments of Armenians than by realistic, expert approaches.
03.06.2008“20-th ANNIVERSARY OF KARABAKH MOVEMENT: RELITIES AND PERSPECTIVES:” International scientific conference
On May 22-25 of the current year in the NKR capital, Stepanakert, was held an international scientific conference on the subject “20th anniversary of Karabakh movement: realities and perspectives.” The coference was participated by “Noravank” Foundation director Gagik Harutyunyan as well as such political scientists, diplomats, politicians from different countries as V. Kazmirov, V. Oskanyan, V. Igrunov, D. Roghtus, N. Ligeros. In the conference agenda were included the following mainstreams: historical-legal basic self-determinations of the NKR and international law, peculiarities of international perception of the Karabakh issue and current geopolitical developments, information challenges in the course of the Karabakh conflict settlement.
02.06.2008THE KOSOVO PRECEDENT IS VERY DANGEROUS Interview with the “Noravank” Foundation expert Suren Movsisyan
-How is “the balance of geopolitical interests” on Karabakh conflict expressed today and what is its significance in the conflict settlement process?
- Nowadays there is no conflict to be completely settled, if there is no geopolitical balance. Accordingly, geopolitical balance is very important for the Karabakh conflict settlement as well. In spite of the fact that today along with the US China and Russia are also becoming more and more powerful (to a certain extent) the world still remains unipolar. The quicker these countries develop, more they may influence on geopolitical balance.
23.05.2008 ARMENIAN-ISRAELI RELATIONS: UP-TO-DATEDNESS AND PERSPECTIVES
According to the principle approved in social, scientific and political discourse of Armenia, the region situated to the south and south-west to us is to be called by a common geopolitical term “Near East.” Basing on this tradition we will make and attempt to reveal and study up-to-date relations and perspective development of the Republic of Armenia with one of the Near Eastern countries – Israel.
19.05.2008THE INTERNATIONAL CRISIS GROUP REPORT ON ISLAM IN AZERBAIJAN
International Crisis Group has published a report titled “Azerbaijan: Independent Islam and the State,” Europe Report No. 191-25, 25 March, 2008. The report consists of four parts, Conclusion and Appendices. In the first part (Introduction) consisting of two subparts – “The secular tradition” and “Terrorism convictions” – is in outline taken up the issue of advent and further spread of Islam in Azerbaijan.
15.05.2008THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE ISSUE AS ISRAEL INSTRUMENT OF PRESSURE
The discussions held in Knesset at the end of March and in the beginning of April over the possible recognition of the Armenian Genocide in Turkey created a big scandal not only in the country but also beyond its boarders. The issue was mainly struggled between two deputies: Zeev Elkin and Josef Shagal. On March 26 for the first time in Knesset was made a principal decision that the subject of the Armenian Genocide will be discussed by one of the commissions of the Israeli Parliament. On March 1 began discussions over which of the commissions will undertake further consideration of the issue. The first motion was introduced by Deputy Khaim Oron (MeReC).
08.05.2008RUSSIA-CHINA: STRUGGLE FOR THE KAZAKH OIL (War of oil-pipelines)
Kazakhstan is the country number one by its oil reserves in the Pre-Caspian region. According to some information, 2/3 of the Caspian Sea oil is concentrated in the very coastal regions of Kazakhstan. That’s why the collapse of the Soviet Union was soon followed by the struggle for the control over the oil sector of Kazakhstan. If the participants of the first stage of the struggle were Russia and the US, than China joined them in the second stage. The Kazakh factor: After continuous negotiations and under the conditions of the US political inactivity, the Russian people managed to persuade the Kazaks to construct a new oil pipeline from the oil-rich Tengiz to Novorossisk.
08.05.2008“REDEFINING TURKEY’S STRATEGIC ORIENTATION”
“The Republic of Turkey continues to undergo a profound reexamination of the very tenets of its national identity, driven by a combination of internal reforms and external challenges. An equally significant strategic reorientation involving Turkey's role within the region and its future position in a broader international context is Turkey's robust reassertion of its strategic importance, as a global actor with an emboldened agenda of activity within a number of international organizations, ranging from its traditional partners like NATO and the UN, to the more unconventional, such as GUAM and even the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).
05.05.2008LOOKING TO 2020: AZERBAIJAN'S MILITARY ASPIRATIONS
The former Soviet Republic of Azerbaijan is pursuing a military agenda for its future that does not rely on NATO or Russian sponsorship. Record high oil revenues have enabled Baku to invest in modernising its military capabilities. Still, recent incidents involving its armed forces show that Azerbaijan has some way to go before it can claim to be the premier military force in the South Caucasus. Despite Azerbaijan having pumped an extra USD1 billion per year into its defence budget in the last three years, the country has accomplished little in terms of increasing its military power.
28.04.2008ON THE ARMENIANS’ ORGANIZATION PROBLEM
During the past decades the information factor has acquired a decisive role in almost all the fields of activity of an individual, society, state and nation. In the changing world only the one having information has a chance to follow, coincide with and respond the new realities. The information actions today have been transferred to the political plane and are considered to be one of the most important geopolitical tools. The competitiveness of nations in up-to-date world is considerably conditioned by conceptual approaches they have to information security (IS).
17.04.2008ENTRANCE OF THE IRANIAN GAS INTO EUROPE
On March 17, 2008, in the capital of Iran, Teheran, was signed the first international contract empowering Iran to export natural gas to Europe. The contract was signed by the Iranian gas exporting national company and the Swiss Elektrizitaetsgesellschaft Laufenburg Company. According to the contract, within 25 years the Iranian party will provide the Swiss company with 5.5 billion cubic meters of gas per year beginning from 2009.
11.04.2008KOSOVO AS THE INSTRUMENT OF GLOBAL INFLUENCE
Self-declaration of Kosovo and the recognition of the republic by the leading powers will not only bring to far reaching consequences but is also the metamorphized reanimation of the American policy of the beginning of the previous century. Kosovo declared its independence on February 17. The new country was immediately and unilaterally recognized by Afghanistan, Japan, Belgium, France, Italy, Great Britain, Croatia, Germany and the US. This group was followed by a number of such European countries as Norway, Finland, Sweden and Denmark. It is clear that the recognition of the self-declared country by the leading western countries inspired a number of other nations which consider the case of Kosovo a precedent.
31.03.2008NEW DEVELOPMENTS OVER THE IRAN NUCLEAR PROGRAM
On March 3 the UN SC adopted the third resolution on the nuclear program of Iran which was the natural result of discussions held among the UN SC five members over settling Iran nuclear problems. Although the SC adopted document was more than even-tempered, it was foretelling a qualitatively new beginning in the developments of the Iran nuclear program and made a basis to impose tough sanctions.
27.03.2008THE ISSUE OF THE CASPIAN SEA STATUS AND THE TRANS-CASPIAN GAS PIPELINE
Together with the collapse of the USSR was given birth to negotiations on the new international status of the Caspian Sea. Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan together with Russia and Iran “undertook” the process of negotiations and in spite of the past 17 years, one can state as a fact that up till now there has been no international document concerning to the Caspian Sea.
24.03.2008ON THE ELECTIONS AND POST-ELECTION PROCESSES IN ARMENIA
The well known events following the presidential elections in Armenia are being discussed on quite different levels. In this context the following observations are probably quite relevant. According to us, electoral and post-electoral processes in the RA first of all need distinct definitions which are still lacking both in the Armenian information field (considered to be one of the numerous omissions in this sphere) and in official appearances (the reason of which can be understood).
20.03.2008US-TURKEY-AZERBAIJAN: A FORMAT OF NEW ENERGY COOPERATION
During the last years one could observe the US positions strengthening process in the Central Asia. The matter first of all concerns strengthening of the US and Turkmenistan relations in the energy and political fields. Azerbaijan is not devoid of this process as well and spares no efforts to involve Turkmenistan in the energy projects realized by its participation.
03.03.2008ON THE REGIONAL ENERGY DEVELOPMENTS
In the beginning of 2008 in the region progressed energy developments of not little importance the most significant of which is sure to be the crisis among Iran and Turkmenistan, which, in its turn, will have a serious influence on Iran-Turkey, Iran-Azerbaijan relations. On October 2007 the institute of strategic planning and economic development, founded by the president of Turkmenistan K. Berdimuhamedov in 2007, appeared with its first report which, as a matter of fact, was the beginning of possible changes in Turkmenistan’s energy policy.
28.02.2008ON THE ISSUES OF THE RA INFORMATION POLICY
One of the primary characteristic traits of up-to-date global processes is the formation of a world information-communication overall field. As a result, so called “technical protection” of the boarders of national-state information field faces serious difficulties, in spite of the attempts made in some countries. Thus, complete information security (IS) of a state and public may be solely conditioned by the potential of its own information resources (mental, spiritual and technical) and the systemized declination the information filed formed through those resources.
14.02.2008IRAN ON THE EVE OF PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS
During the last few months the Iranian internal political developments have been mainly progressing in the context of preparation of the main political powers for the elections to be held on March 14. The coming elections may exert big influence on Iran’s political and economic fields, although the parliament doesn’t have so much direct influence on the country’s life. Being limited in its power, the Iranian Parliament is formed by the political powers either enjoying the support of various strata of society or representing the interests of the ruling spiritual, political...
12.02.2008SOME INFORMATION ASPECTS OF THE ELECTIONS IN GEORGIA
The past presidential elections of Georgia turned up to be quite interesting from the standpoint of information component. From the one hand the elections themselves were quite nonordinary, as they were special and were held after clashes with the opposition and the introduction of state of emergency. Besides, one should take into consideration that they were held at the period of New Year holidays, when the overall data flow in the world falls down, in connection of which the Georgian elections also appeared in the center of attention of mass media.
31.01.2008ON THE PROBLEM OF THE INCREASING NUMBER OF AZERBAIJANI WEB-SITES IN THE INTERNET
The number of anti-Armenian sites on Karabakh issue, which are mainly created in Azerbaijan and Azerbaijani communities settled in other countries, are increasing year by year. The sites of anti-Armenian character are focused on denying the Armenian Genocide, falsifying the Armenian history, the activity of ASALA organization are also being created by the initiative of Turkey, however, today Baku is more active than its “elder brother.”
29.01.2008AZERBAIJAN DEVELOPING INFORMATION WAR
In Azerbaijan is continuing active work directed to the internet information war against Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. Not long ago the Azerbaijanis put into operation an Armenian language information site. As a matter of fact, network broadcasting in the language of the enemy has its influence, however, the amount of financial and human resources involved in it in the very case were not justified. Yet, today are also used methods of more secret character, in particular, creation of pseudo-resources under the Armenian flag, in reality being controlled by Azerbaijanis. As an example one may bring the so called information portal Xronika (www.xronika.com).
24.01.2008ON RA SECURITY ISSUES
Discussing the Republic’s attainments of the previous year, the analytical community attaches special importance to drawing up of the “RA National security strategy” fundamental document. At the very end of 2007 was also ratified the “RA military doctrine.” Thus, one may state as a fact that at present there are two conceptions with the force of the law in the republic, which are called to become a milestone in the processes of ensuring security of Armenia and Armenians.
21.01.2008ON A NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS LEFT OUT OF COVERAGE IN 2007
The American authoritative analytical newspaper “Foreign policy” devoted the main article of its last issue of 2007 to the ten important developments and events left out of the coverage of international information and analytical circles. And this, in case, when a number of not elucidated developments can have an important role in the future international political developments.
26.12.2007NEW GEOPOLITICAL REALITIES
From the standpoint of geopolitical developments the year of 2007 has been quite a steady one. The discussions on formation of multipolar system prevailing in the analytical community in the past were transformed from the theoretical surface to the real policy. One may state as a fact that the transitional stage of being transform from the unipolar into the multipolar lasted much less than it had been predicted. At the same time one could witness some new tendencies, which have come to prove (although indirectly) that the political formats of the newly drown multipolar world may differ from the ideas about it.
25.12.2007ON THE GENOCIDE OF ARMENIANS: A NEW PUBLICATION IN ARABIC
Not long ago in Beirut was published the Arabic language monograph of the Argentinean researcher Pascal Carlos Sahakyan “Human rights protection and Genocide perpetrated by the Turkish state to the Armenian nation” (63 pages). The publication of the book was realized by the Museum-Institute of the Armenian Genocide under the RA National Academy of Science. The book has been translated by Nanor Mikaelyan-Kaklikyan (Aleppo), using the Yerevan published English translation from the Spanish original. The patrons of the publication are Armen and Mimi Harutyunyans from Beirut. The introduction to the book (“A voice of truth from Argentinia”) has been written by the prose writer Toros Toranyan (Aleppo), and the epilogue (“On defining the conceptions “human rights” and “Genocide” more precisely)...
20.11.2007ON SOME ISSUES RELATING TO ARMENIANS
It is a well known fact that at present for about the two-third of Armenians live abroad. Besides, it is not the subject of dispute that the Armenians spread all over the word are our most serious resource. At the same time, such a status of a nation supposes different inward and outward challenges, the lack of equivalent responses to which is sure to cause undesirable developments. The revelation of the essence of these challenges and elaboration of counter-action mechanisms is one of the most urgent problems of the Armenians. At that, a common impression is created that at present our national elite has no such social scientific knowledge and political technologies to solve such kind of national problems.
04.10.2007ON THE COMPLEX OF INFERIORITY AND “TECHNOLOGICAL SYSTEM”
In our days we can’t avoid facing the self reproaching moods, even reaching to national self-humiliation prevailing in our society. Such tendencies of complex of inferiority are sometimes grounded by “historical” references. It is especially stressed up lack of “state” thinking, betrayal in decisive situations and continuous defeats. Even the victories are sometimes presented as mere “moral”, with shade of uselessness attributed to them. We are far from only glorifying and extra coloring the Armenian history. We are also sure that self-reproach is one of the preconditions of development.
03.09.2007ON PURPOSEFUL DISINFORMATION ACTIVITY IN AZERBAIJAN
Disinformation activity carried out by Baku to RA has acquired well-grounded and more systemized character. There is obvious governmental approach, in the country is little by little forming “state information policy,” the component part of which is mass disinformation on Krabakh issue and on the subjects connected with RA. It is quite possible that the work carried out in this direction is systemized in Azerbaijan’s press-cutting service of Foreign Ministry as it is called Management of press and information policy (stressed up by us).
26.07.2007SOVEREIGNTY AND GLOBALIZATION
One of the most actual political-social scientific problems today is the issue of the future of national, sovereign states. Taking as a basis the formation of the common global political-legal and economic-information field as well as the raising role of transnational companies and various organizations, some of them think that the sovereign states have no perspective to develop as a result of globalization. According to this approach, already in the near future the whole humanity will be ruled by some supranational structure or structures.
16.07.2007NAGORNO-KARABAKH: WHO WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT?
Liz Fuller and Richard Giragosian
On July 19, voters in the unrecognized republic of Nagorno-Karabakh will elect a successor to Arkady Ghukasian, the former foreign minister who has served two successive presidential terms since 1997, when his predecessor Robert Kocharian was named Armenian prime minister.
12.07.2007On developments around Nagorni Karabakh Republic
It’s a long time since the Co-chairmen of the OSCE Minsk Group have been successively visiting the region and various and sometimes contradicting announcements have been made on the developments around Nagorni Karabakh. It has become a tradition to make such announcements as in the autumn or spring of the coming year certain changed will be made in settling NKR conflict. Mass media couldn’t but response those announcements in their turn sometimes even misrepresenting or interpreting the information in their own way. That information chain is continued by the perceptions shaped in the society.
11.07.2007Presidential elections in Nagorno-Karabakh Republic: a view from Yerevan
On June 3, 2007 in the analytical center “Caucasus” took place the round table discussion on the subject of “Presidential elections in Nagorno-Karabakh Republic: a view from Yerevan”. At the discussion took part Alexsander Manasyan (the Chairman of the Department of Philosophy and Logics, Yerevan State University), Levon Melik-Shahnazaryan (“De-Facto” Informational Agency), Shushan Khatlamajyan (ISCRD), Sergey Minasyan (Caucasus Media Institute), Sargis Harutyunyan (“Noravank” Foundation), the chairman of the Armenian Democratic Party Aram G. Sargsyan, the authorized representative of the candidate for NKR president Masis Mayilyan, Editor-in-chief of the “Demo” newspaper Gegham Baghdasaryan.
21.06.2007The visit of the RF President V.Putin to Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan New restructuring on the regional energy map
As a result of his this visit paid to Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan on May 10-12 Vladimir Putin reached a number of important agreements mainly relating to developing cooperation among the countries in the energy field. The agreements reaches are also of political importance. During the last year our eye was stricken by a number noteworthy coincidences in the field of realizing programs of energy importance in the former USSR territory. Today, for example, the opening of Iran-Armenian gas pipeline is coinciding with the factual opening of Baku-Erzurum gas pipeline.
04.06.2007Caucasus – 2006
One of these days in the Caucasian Institute of CMI was held an international scientific conference on the following subjects: what was the year 2006 like for the North and South Caucasus, what kind of political, social and economic developments were there to be traced in the North Caucasus and South Caucasian countries, how the developments of the previous year influenced on the region’s security problems? The conference was held by the participation of scientist, journalists and public figures from Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Russia and the US.
31.05.2007World Public Thinks China Will Catch Up With the US—and That’s Okay
On May 29, 2007, the Armenian Center for National and International Studies (ACNIS) convened a roundtable discussion to present the results of the eighth in a series of reports based on a poll of worldwide opinion on key global issues. The report was devoted to China and its role in world affairs. The meeting brought together citizens, members of leading think tanks, analysts, and media representatives. ACNIS director of research Stepan Safarian delivered opening remarks.
21.05.2007Key players seek to maximize election gains in Armenia
Liz Fuller and Richard Giragosian
The May 12 Armenian parliamentary elections resulted in a victory for Prime Minister Serzh Sarkisian's Republican Party of Armenia (HHK) and the eclipse of two opposition parties represented in the outgoing parliament. But the division of mandates raises questions about the composition of a new coalition government, which may hinge on the Armenian Revolutionary Federation-Dashnaktsutiun, a junior coalition partner since 2003. The May 12 vote was hailed by international election observers from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) as a "clear improvement" demonstrating "progress" compared with earlier ballots, and as largely meeting international standards for democratic elections.
17.05.2007The opening of the Armenian branch of the Institute of CIS Countries
The formation of the new independent states has made it desirable to give scientific explanation to their making, development, working out a general theory furthering the CIS integration, as well as studying bilateral and multilateral relations among them. In 1996 all these made a ground to found the Institute of CIS states in Moscow – the first Moscow based scientific foundation aiming at studying solely the Post-Soviet area. During its existence the Institute has conducted a number of researches devoted to up-to-date political and economic life in the new states of Caucasia, including Armenia.
16.05.2007The dynamic of carrying on the Azerbaijani lobbing
The budget of the Committee for the work with Azerbaijanis living abroad systemizing the work of Azerbaijani “Diaspora” made up 80$ thousand for the year 2005; in 2006, however, it was amounted to $500 thousand. This year as well, according to mass media, it has been added. In 2006 took place the following noteworthy events to “mobilize” the Azerbaijani Diaspora: On March 16 was held the second congress of World Azerbaijanis...
16.05.2007Russian-Armenian relations and Armenia’s foreign policy before and after the elections
On the may of the current year in the conference hall “House of Moscow” located in Yerevan took place a scientific-practical conference on the subject “Russian-Armenian relations and Armenia’s foreign policy before and after the elections.” The conference was held by the Institute of CIS countries (the director of the institute is the RF Duma deputy K. F. Zatulin) with the assistance of the Government of Armenia and was devoted to the RA parliamentary elections.
26.04.2007The process of the making of Azerbaijani lobbing: general data
Year by year one can become the witness of more purposeful and systemized work of the Azerbaijani authorities directed to organize Azerbaijani communities and its “own” Diaspora abroad. It goes without saying that these steps are first of all aiming at struggling against the Armenin Diaspora, hindering the lobbing favorable for Armenians organized by the Armenian Diaspora in the US, Russia and European countries as well as their propagandistic...
23.04.2007Is the United States Losing Turkey?
Rajan Menon and S. Enders Wimbush
Even before the 2003 Iraqi campaign the US-Turkish relations entered a new phase, which has unprecedented logic until now against the background of American-Turkish traditional relationship during the whole second half of XX century. Here is the research paper published by the New American Foundation on US-Turkey relations and provided to Noravank Foundation by Richard Giragosian.
19.04.2007Collective and historical memory in the context of Armenian identity
On April 10, 2007 the expert of “Noravank” Foundation H. Marutyan defended his doctoral thesis (Collective and historical memory in the context of Armenian identity/basing on XX century historical-ethnographic materials) in the specialized council working in the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia. H. Marutyan’s official opponents were RA NAS correspondent member N. Hovhanisyan, Doctor of Historical Science, professor, RA NAS correspondent member B. Harutyunyan, Doctor of Philological science V. Svazlyan. The leading organization was the department of historical-ethnographic faculty of the Yerevan State University.
10.04.2007Publication of a collection of works on the subject of “the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh: past, present and future”
Not long ago was published a collection of works on the subject of “the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh: past, present and future”, which includes materials of international scientific meeting held in Stepanakert on June 21-24, 2006. The book was published by the Government of NKR, RA Ministry of Education and Science, NKR Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports, Yerevan State University and NKR State University.
06.04.2007Armenia: Prime Minister
While such political change is neither especially new nor particularly surprising for Armenia, it has injected a new sense of tension and upheaval. These changes culminated on April 4, with Armenian President Robert Kocharian's appointment of long-time Defense Minister Serzh Sarkisian to serve as the country's acting premier, following the sudden death from heart failure on March 25 of Andranik Markarian, who had served in that position since May 2000. Although a temporary appointment, which expires with the election of a new parliament and the subsequent formation of a new cabinet, the move may end, or at least defer, the recent political upheaval sparked by Markarian's death.
21.03.2007On the problems of information security
According to the “principle of interconnection”, making the basis of national security (NS), the reliability of national security is conditioned by how harmonious are represented the security issues of all the fields of state and nation existence in conceptual provisions and NS systems based on them. In this sense one should except that “RA NS strategy”, adopted not long ago and being of utmost importance...
13.03.2007A new logic of Iranian relations: situational analysis
The refusal of the Iranian party to suspend the uranium enrichment work on February 21 (as it is demanded by the resolution adopted by UN Security Council on December 23, 2006) makes the situation more difficult; however the intensification of the situation in this case will be of more fundamental character. In comparison with the last 4-5 years, the developments on Iranian nuclear program have undergone logical changes and in this connection we would like to single out two circumstances: Iran’s strides in the nuclear works reduce the chances of the US and its allies to influence on the situation. If that tendency is not suspended, time will work to the detriment of the latter’s.
01.03.2007US-Iran: possible developments
The long lasting US-Iran confrontation is entering a new stage, and the expected development, according to expert community, may even cause changes of word order. As it is known, the American party consistently blames Iran for rendering direct help to the terrorists operating in Iraq. Such an information policy outlines the image of the US main enemy, Iran, and the responsibility of America’s failures in Iraq seems to transfer to that country.
15.02.2007Armenology in the context of national security
It is known that development and competitiveness of civilizations and separate states are mostly conditioned by the ideological tenets they are leaded by. Comparative analyses reveal that only those ideological conceptions, which harmonically combine liberal, friendly and national approaches, are efficient in up-to-date world. And if the first two are traditionally called universal conceptions, then the national element is a unique category: It expresses military-political and social-economic potentiality of a nation with collective intellectual and spiritual-cultural potential in its basis. It is also important and urgent that in the era of up-to-date “multipolar cold war”, the conflicts of political character, universalization and globalization have elements of spiritual-cultural confrontation and expansion.
08.02.2007The Good Old “National Issue” in the European Space: Enlarged Europe, New Realities
Since the beginning of the 1990s Europe seemed to have all the chances to move onward focusing on the concepts of transnational policy. This thesis gained a more practical significance especially within the last two decades, which was conditioned with the institutional development of the European community and the appearance of some sort of (but undoubtedly unprecedented) geopolitical continental consensus.
29.01.2007Developments in Lebanon
On the eve of Lebanon’s Independence Day on November 21, 2006, was murdered one more politician of anti-Syrian orientation - Lebanese Industry Minister Pierre Gemayel. It is not by chance that by the murder of the minister were aggravated the contradictions between the parties in opposition and their regional and international sponsors. Let’s try to underline the developments in Lebanon and in its neighborhood at the end of 2006, as well as their reasons and possible consequences.
21.12.2006China’s oil and gas investments in Middle East
During the last ten years there is a sharp rise in the extent of gas used in China, conditioned by the latter’s rapid development of economy. Thus there is a necessity to carry out the prospective program of importing gas and oil from abroad. China is quite realistic in its appreciations concerning to dependence on oil and gas exporters. It makes Beijing carry out active investment programs in energy markets of oil and gas supplying countries, which is intended to solve two main problems. To ensure China’s participation in the global energy market, To restrict free activity of the states and their allies exporting oil and gas and in this way to stabilize oil and gas import into China.
07.12.2006The new defense minister of the US and the Iranian problem
Resignation of Donald Rumsfeld’s from the post of the US defense minister may make changes in the US-Iran relations. As a matter of fact, from the present US administration was excluded a figure who had quite a tough approach to Iran and its administration and though he always avoided of making tough announcements, he was fairly considered to be the adherent of the war against Iran. Appointment of the former CIA director Robert Gates in the post of the US defense minister indicates that at least in its relations with Iran the US will adopt a new political line.
04.12.2006New “Cold War” and transformation of “deterring strategy”
The character of the United States-Russian relations today is sometimes compared with the First “Cold War” (CW) (for the terminology of this word combination see the appendix) in the second half of the 20th century.
24.11.2006The factor of NATO
Establishing relations with military-political alliances, taking into consideration changeable dynamic of present political processes, is one of the most important issues of Republic of Armenia’s national security. As it is known, the main stress in this field is put on establishing strategic cooperation with Russia. However, RA-RF cooperation, as well as participation in Collective Security Treaty Organization (SCTO) probably may not become unequivocal guaranties for RA security, taking into account multilayer policy of the first and the lack of self-affirmation of the second.
10.11.2006New developments on Iran
In spite of the fact that on August 31 Iran gave its “final” negative answer to the international community’s demand to sustain the uranium enrichment program, the developments on this country and its nuclear program didn’t take the anticipated course. However, the new processes on Iran, though lacking active elucidation in information field, has adopted quite an unfavorable course for it. The main role in the processes on Iran is due to a new political line adopted by the US, the main component part of which is spread of information on the prospective of Iranian-American possible intimacy in informational field.
08.11.2006Rise of the UN role (In the context of Russian-Georgian relations)
Russia’s decision to shift the discussions on relations with Georgia to the UN Security Council was not accepted unanimously in expert community. It is considered that that organization has lost its significance and doesn’t have any essential role in important international problems any more. The fact that 33 resolutions out of 63 adopted by the UN refer to humanitarian kind of problems of the African continent and the rest of it to suchlike problems referring to certain Asian countries and mere organizational decisions on the UN “internal business” has come to prove this standpoint. Such a situation is conditioned not only by imperfection of the UN activity system1, which has in course of time devaluated that organization’s role in the world, but also by the US persuaded strategy towards that organization.
27.10.2006Baku-Erzurum oil pipeline and the problems of Georgia’s energy policy
It is supposed that the construction of Baku-Erzurum oil pipeline will be over by the end of 2006, giving an opportunity to transfer Azerbaijani gas from Shah Deniz gas field to Turkey. The regional significance of the gas pipeline is mainly conditioned by its ability to satisfy Georgia’s energy needs. The importance of the issue of providing Georgia with Azerbaijani gas is conditioned by the following circumstances.
20.10.2006Russian-US: a new stage of relations
The US-Russia relations have entered a qualitatively new stage. One of its peculiarities is the fact that if in the past Russia tried to represent the uprising conflict to be tactical, nonsense of temporary character, then, at present, diplomatic conditionality is ignored: the US is accepted as a global strategic competitor hence with ideological-propagandistic confrontation.
18.10.2006Internet as a field of information war against Armenia
The Azerbaijani party makes an active use of internet in an information war against Armenia and Republic of Nagorni Karabakh. In connection with the fact that internet-mass media influence becomes more and more dominant in the world, significance of information net on Karabakh conflict also increases. Besides, various internet-communities become more and more influential on public opinion shaping. Karabakh conflict has been followed by a stream of disinformation from the very day it began.
13.10.2006Washington and Moscow desiring to change the world’s missile balance
Russia and the US are on the brink of initiating the possible change of missile balance both between the two countries and on a global scale. On August 27, 2006 in the city of Fairbanks in Alaska a meeting was held between the defense ministers of Russia and the US Donald Rumsfeld and Sergei Lavrov timed at the ceremony for the dedication of a memorial to the Alaska-Siberia Lend Lease program.
11.10.2006Burgas - Aleksandropolis oil-pipeline
On September 4, in Athens the leaders of Russia, Greece and Bulgaria signed a declaration on completing an agreement to construct Burgas (Black Sea coast of Bulgaria) – Aleksandropolis (a port of the Adriatic Sea in Greece) oil pipeline in 2006. This oil pipeline is to be filled with Russian oil, which will be transported by ships from Novorossiysk to Burgas. In spite of optimistic information spread by Russian mass media, the main agreement on constructing the oil pipeline is not signed yet.
09.10.2006Information implication of the war
It is difficult to give estimation to the role of information operations in Middle East developments. According to the director of Middle East program of Washington’s Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), information, propaganda and political technologies are the main weapons of the war escalated in July-August 2007. In this field the west has lost its privileged position.
28.09.2006War in the Middle East
The present situation in the Middle East (ME) is conditioned by “antiterrorist war” initiating from September 11, 2001 and as a result of which actions undertaken against Afghanistan and Iran. According to the neoconservatives, carrying out the US up-to-date policy, the American expansion was to alter ideological, geopolitical and economic trend of ME and Central Asia, resulting formation of new ethnical-state elements. Such programs, especially in ME, were perusing the following goals. To take up favorable position for the US in Eurasia and thus geopolitically advantage over China and Russia...
21.07.2006Developments on Caspian energy-carriers
On June 2006 Kazakhstan agreed to join oil exportation project through Baku-Ceyhan pipeline. It was fallowed by the new Turkmenistan approaches to gas prices sold to Russia. From the very beginning international experts were announcing that with the objective to turn Baku-Ceyhan into an economic factor, it is necessary to export Kazakh oil to the port of Ceyhan through the pipeline. In comparison with Azerbaijan, oil production in Kazakhstan is growing rapidly. Only last year it constituted more then 60 million tones. According to information released by “KazMunaiGaz” company, in ten years this showing may reach up to 150 million.
17.07.2006Geopolitical shifts in Eurasia: clarification of orientations
In the present state of affairs the world’s greatest geopolitical actors began claiming from Post-Soviet countries to make their orientation of foreign policy more precise, as a result of which they faced a difficulty to make a choice: they have already come to multilateral agreements before that, the violation of which would lead to serious problems. In this situation the Armenian Republic, with growing influence of Russia, was not an exception.
06.07.2006Karabakh conflict: situational analysis
As the main result of negotiations in Rambue the American diplomacy, as a matter of fact, singled out from OSCE Minsk Group. It seems that the results in Rambue became an argument for Washington to ground its unilateral steps on Karabakh issue. From March to May in 2006 all the senior officials engaged in Karabakh issue of the US State Departament made official visits to the South Caucasus-the Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs Daniel Fried, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs Matthew J. Bryza and US former Co-chairman of OSCE Minsk Group Steven Mann.
In the brochure you can get acquainted with problems of destruction of Armenian cemetery in Julfa by azerbaijani authorities (Nakhijevan).
20.06.2006Signs of American-Iranian agreement
As it is known on June 7, at about 7pm by Yerevan time the American F-16 pursuit plane launched two rockets of 225 kilograms in the direction of the shelter of al-Zarqawi near to Baakuba city in the North-East of Baghdad. Though soon the detachments of American and Iraqi special forces were already there, and according to the latest information they were in time to see Abu Musab al-Zarqawi alive, however the leader of Al-Qaida in Iraq died.
19.06.2006Russian foreign policy revised: some conceptual aspects
On January 31, 2006 the World Bank published the report titled From Disintegration to Reintegration: Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union in International Trade. The major idea of the WB’s expertise happened to be that the European continent is at the risk of being divided into the two intra-regional super blocks, with serious political and economic implications in long-term perspective.
09.06.2006On American-Turkish relations
During the last years realities and ongoing development occurred in Turkish-American relations (by the way the same can be said about American-Saudi relations) are the most obvious indicators of geostrategic changes in Eurasian sub-regions. Turkey lost its importance in US’s Russian policy (in this connection even contrary tendencies came to light: “Blue stream” gas-pipeline, military-technical cooperation, etc.). The rise of American military-political presence in the Middle East, Balkans and South Caucasus essentially reduced Ankara’s tactical-operative importance for Washington. After a short while this circumstance turned into Turkish-American discrepancies: restriction of Turkey’s presence or its absence in the new regional formats is nothing but disregard of Turkish interests.
02.06.2006Iran-USA: prospective for development
The production of enriched uranium by Iran, its refusal to sustain its nuclear researches and the new announcements of the US to suspend Iran’s nuclear activities puts the Islamic Republic in the first place of the international political agenda. The Enrichment of Iranian uranium was not carried out on an industrial scale, but on laboratory scale. That’s to say it was not a step of great importance for nuclear military program, it was just a reality which has come to prove about certain progress in Iranian scientific and technical field.
30.05.2006Trouble in the neighborhood: Economic concerns about conflict in Iran
Experts in Armenia say military conflict between the United States and Iran would have an adverse effect on Armenia’s economy and trade. Even though overland trade between Iran and Armenia has been steadily decreasing since 2000, Iran remains Armenia’s second largest trade partner – primarily because it is one of only two neighbors whose borders are open to Armenia. Now trade between the two countries reaches some $250 million, with Iranian imports representing four-fifths of that amount and only $50 million is Armenia export, according to the Chamber of Industry and Commerce.
15.05.2006The future of Turkey’s democratization
After its defeat at World War I, which was followed by great efforts to establish Republic of Turkey, the Turkish elite, headed by M. Qemal, turned to the West, considering it to be the best way furthering the country’s development. But saying westernization Ankara meant secularity against Islamism and didn’t intend to completely adopt western democracy. However, lasting cooperation with the west made Ankara take certain steps imitating democracy. In particular in 1950 was introduced multi-party system, but all the processes in the country were under the control of the protector of Ataturk’s precepts, the militants.
06.05.2006Russia: Problems in The West and the prospective in The East
Russia’s foreign policy orientation has undergone qualitative changes for the past few years. In particular the relations of this power state with the US remind us the years of the Cold War. In the informational field have already appeared comparisons of these two powers’ nuclear potential, and are being considered the issue of excluding Russia from the format of “G8”, it is also blockaded the process of this country’s entry into The World Trade Organization (WTO), etc. Though present day Russia is still preserving the status of the power state...
20.04.2006Iran; challenge to the power state
For the last few weeks there was an abrupt rise of a number of publications on Iran in informational field. It is conditioned not only by multilevel debates concerning to this country’s nuclear program and well known announcements of Ahmadinejad, but also by the following developments...
13.04.2006Iranian atom, situational analyzes
On March 30 the UN Security Council (SC) appeared with a special announcement on nuclear problem calling for the Iranian authorities to stop uranium enrichment work within a month. The decision made by the UN Security Council is a result of corresponding compromise reached among the permanent members of the Security Council. Russia and China were against imposing sanctions on Iran.
07.04.2006On Turkey’s nuclear program
Turkey talks about the development of nuclear energy began in 1953, after the well known speech of Eisenhower “Atoms for peace” in UN General Assembly. However, Turkey’s de facto inclusion into the field of nuclear energy dates back in May, 1955, when Ankara signed a unilateral agreement with Washington on “peaceful use of nuclear energy”.
01.03.2006The Karabakh issue; situational analysis
Today the Karabakh issue has appeared in the focus of Black Sea-Caucasus-Iran-Caspian Basin-Central Asia international processes and the problem related developments should be observed in this context. The most expansive project carried out in the given region by the US is the creation of Europe-Black Sea (or Turkey)-South Caucasus-Caspian Basin-Central Asia geostrategic line (the Trsanseurasian project), which has clear-cut geopolitical and geo-economic goals.
21.02.2006Gagik Harutyunyan’s interview given to mass media
In the interview given to mass media by Noravank Foundation’s director Gagik Harutyunyan were discussed the possible motives and political-economic after-effects of Russia-South Caucasus pipeline and high voltage power lines bursts. In the framework of the event’s analytical version the author spoke about the resent “espionage scandal” in the context of relations between British intelligence and especially the “Eurasia” Foundation. It was casually reminded that the given foundation has a branch in Armenia as well.
16.02.2006The transformation of European identity
The problem of European identity is as old the European civilization. And it has always had different answers. Today this request and answer have become the primary issue of European agenda. European nations have never considered the European united identity to be an integrate spiritual community. The characterization of this identity is limited within “European” hypotheses, beginning from Homer’s “Iliad” and ending with EU worded bare principles.
09.02.2006Azerbaijan in Pentagon’s strategic transformations
Today the United States is the only power which tries to realize worldwide modeling of security system and is in the process of transforming some security system elements which used to have special significance in the past. The other power centers’ security system is limited. The general ideas concerning to the issue were already developed at the end of 1980s and in the beginning of 1990s in George Bush’s administration. As the US mass media has it in 1992 a talk was prepared on the instruction of the then US Defense Minister Dick Cheney...
02.02.2006On the North Caucasus gas-pipeline explosions
As it is known in the early hours on January 22 explosions in Russia’s North Ossetia damaged the North Caucasus-South Caucasus main gas-pipeline and Mozdok-Tbilisi auxiliary gas-pipeline and Karachay-Cherkessia electricity transmission line. The operations were well planned, was chosen the most appropriate time for it to be realized, which means that it had been well concocted by the insurgents.
26.01.2006Iran: new developments on nuclear program
As the Iranian authorities have repeatedly threatened, on the 9th of January 2006 was resumed work at Esfahan nuclear research center and on the 10th of January at Natanz uranium enrichment center. This step made by Tehran intensified the relations on Iran’s nuclear program, which will not slack until the first special session of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Board of Governors.
19.01.2006Russian gas: economy and policy
One of the most remarkable events at the end of 2005 was the dispute over gas tariffs between Russia and Ukraine. It is above question that in spite of the seeming upshot the conflict between these two Slavonic republics will face new developments. The decision to dissolve the Ukrainian Supreme Rada’s government, which caused legal confusion on the threshold of parliamentary elections, has come to prove it. There is no doubt that the processes over energy carriers are multilevel and have political and economic interrelated elements. Today natural gas is one of the most important raw materials of strategic importance.
16.01.2006Azerbaijani Diaspora; realities and perspectives
In Azerbaijani national security draftings and, in general, in regulations concerning to the country’s development we come across the formulating that besides energy resources for Azerbaijan special importance acquires its own demographical resources, which by virtue of conditions peculiar to Muslims have a tendency of rapid growth. However, because of the complicated social-economic conditions in the country Azerbaijan has lost almost half of its population in the period of the past fifteen years.
22.12.2005Russia gets ready for the elections in 2008
The logic of today’s world-order more then ever urges for the policy of a self-governing state to be adequate to the challenges issued to it. In this sense the Russian strategy in 2005, which seems to be the reaction of the failures of the past yeas, deserves special observation. Among them must be singled out the coup d'etat in Georgia and Ukraine: It is known that as a result these countries carry out accentuated anti-Russian policy. Moreover, in the context of presidential elections in 2008, “revolutionary” developments are not excluded in Russia as well.
22.12.2005On the issue of co-existence of the Western democracy and Islam
The US policy to shape a homogenous society and to implement the present democratic system into all over the world brought to confrontation with the Islamic world. The issue is whether the Islamic world will go to meet the Western democratic values or there is a political incompatibility between them. From this standpoint it is interesting how the Islamic social-political intellectual circles with their main directions will react to the implementation of Western values in the Islamic world. According to the conservatives the Islamic society doesn’t need Western or other kinds of reforms as all the social-political problems are regulated by the Shariat and the new approaches are senseless.
01.12.2005XXI century: world order outlines
The center of international policy is steadily transferring to Asia. People’s Republic of China (PRC), with four times growth in GDP since the beginning of economic reforms in 1978, continues to intensify its potential. China’s annual rate of economic growth shakes within the limits of 8, 5-10%, and according to some suppositions Beijing wittingly keeps the real scales of its economic growth in secret. It is possible that in this way it tries to dissemble the real growth of expenses on defense.
24.11.2005On parliamentary elections in Azerbaijan
With the parliamentary elections held in Azerbaijan on the 6th of November 2005 the governmental upheaval, begun in summer 2003, came to its logical end. The Situation shaped in the context of the South Caucasus developments after Georgian “Rose revolution” in November 2003, the Ukrainian “Orange revolution” a year late and Washington’s failure in Uzbekistan may perhaps witness to a version of an interim a geopolitical consensus. The Parliamentary elections held in Azerbaijan on the 6th of November 2005 may be conditionally divided in two parts...
21.11.2005On Muslim riots in France
Mass disturbances organized by Muslims have been continuing in France and its neighbor countries for over a long period of time. In spite of the fact that the French government has declared state of emergency, the disturbances (which have already included Belgium and Germany) don’t seem to calm down. The incident will still remind about itself for a long time: only in economy the French incurred billions in losses, the exchange-value of euro continues to fall; the political forecasts are not favorable too.
21.11.2005The struggle to rule over the world and the American society
The problem to carry out UN reforms has become the most important and at the same time problematic reality in today’s international relations. The latter became more urgent when the United States began realizing unilateral actions directed “to develop freedom and democracy and to ensure and fortify global security”, the most obvious and challenging manifestation of which was the US army invasion to Iraq. Thus there is a clash of two mutually exclusive ideas concerning to the new global system: “unipolar”, that’s to say American, or “multipolar” government?
10.11.2005XXI century Gavroshes
Social dynamite is blowing up in Paris. Both the left-wing intellectuals and far-right populists like Le Pen have already warned that there will not be lack of dynamites. It turned up that the dynamites are more them supposed: as a rule street pogroms and riots come to the end for the third day, but here, after a whole week of scuffle and mess, the police don’t know where they are needed more. In America gloat over misfortunes of French and say that they shouldn’t have reproached them for their Negroes.
03.11.2005Russia: the main problems and prospective
Today the considerable part of RA political elite is very skeptical about Russia. Russia’s hesitating position in removing its military bases from Georgia, its equivocal policy implemented to Azerbaijan as well as the attempt to establish strategic relations with Turkey reduced that country’s authority in our community. Whereas, according to some important indices Russia is on the rise, which means that in our estimations concerning to that country should be considered the role it will undertake in the near future. Today the US is waging the same Cold war against Russia as in the Soviet period.
27.10.2005The European Union, Turkey and Armenia: Historical facts and real interests
After prolonged confidential discussions and numerous mutually exclusive public announcements on the 3rd of October 2005 in Luxemburg the EU member states made a decision to begin negotiations with Turkey on the latter’s full membership to the EU. The outlined principles of negotiating process and the final text of the document have already been published and approved both by the EU and Turkey. The fact that the negotiations have began and the existence of such a document as well as the complicated diplomatic developments following October the 3rd have an important political...
21.10.2005A round table on the world’s future
On the 13th of October 2005 in the Institute of Philosophy of Russia’s Academy of Science was organized a round table on “Global prognostication 2020” by the Moscow office of Kenan’s Institute, where the main speech was delivered by Mitchell Reiss-the policy planning stuff ex-director of the US State department under C. Powell. In the round table took part “Noravank” Foundation’s vice-president Sevak Sarukhanyan. Mitchell Reiss reveled the main problems the US has confronted recently. Among them were: Iran’s nuclear ambitions; Northern Korea’s nuclear problem; International terrorism.
The new stage of Turkish-Syrian relationships began in 1998, when the relations between these two states became extremely tense making a ground for military clashes. The reason was the activation of PKK’s rebels. Ankara had facts that most of the PKK members used the Syrian banks in Turkey to finance their activity besides taking shelter and having military trainings in the territory of Syria.
27.09.2005Armenia this week
Experts see status quo, potential risks for Karabakh, Caucasus The majority of U.S. and Western European experts expect the status quo in the Karabakh conflict and regionally to persist in the foreseeable future, according to the Armenian Assembly of America (AAA)’s research and recent congressional testimony by regional specialists. In spite of such expectations, a study by the International Crisis Group (ICG), “Nagorno Karabakh: Viewing the Conflict from the Ground,” published earlier this month, urged a renewed push for a peaceful settlement, including popular diplomacy, while warning that “resumed war appears a real possibility.” A cease-fire agreement signed by Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno Karabakh has held for over 11 years, even in the absence of international peacekeepers and serious progress in negotiations.
19.09.2005Armenia this week
Congressional panel gives strong endorsement to Genocide affirmation The International Relations Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives overwhelmingly approved last week two bills affirming the U.S. record on the Armenian Genocide and urging Turkey to address the tragedy. Armenia hailed the development and urged a full congressional affirmation of the Genocide. As in the past, the vote came amid opposition by Turkish government lobbyists. Co-Chairs of the Armenian Congressional Caucus Joe Knollenberg (R-MI) and Frank Pallone Jr. (D-NJ), as well as Caucus members George Radanovich (R-MI) and Adam Schiff (D-CA) championed the House Resolution 316, which received the endorsement of 140 House members and 40 to 7 approval in the committee.
09.09.2005On some informational security problems
In accordance with up-to-date ideas the conception of national security (NS) is a single whole of three constituent parts - military-political security, social-economic security and informational security. Disregard or underestimation of any of these parts makes any NS conception incomplete. Parallel with it, today military-political, social-economic and informational fields are integrated, that’s to say the boarders between NS constituent parts are often strictly relative.
28.07.2005A vision of a new world order
On the 1st of July in 2005 the presidents of Russia and China V. Putin and Hu Jintao at their meeting in Moscow signed “the 21st century joint declaration of Russian Federation (RF) and People’s Republic of China (PRC), concerning to international world order” which consisted of 12 items. After the Cold war this is the first document by which these two great powers together and directly declare their disagreement with the US political ideology.
25.07.2005Armenia this week
International monetary fund impressed with Armenia’s economic progress A senior official of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) last week termed “impressive” the Armenian government’s economic reform successes. “Very few countries have achieved such an important progress in such a short period of time,” IMF’s Deputy Managing Director Augustin Carstens said while on a visit to Yerevan. Carstens noted that Armenia is on a “promising path [of] sustained growth and alleviation of poverty.” According to National Statistics Service data released last week, Armenia’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) increased by over 10 percent in the first half of 2005.
18.07.2005Armenia this week
Envoys: U.S., Armenia to in charge partnership In separate interviews published this Monday Ambassadors of Armenia and the United States reviewed progress in bilateral relations and outlined areas of future cooperation. While upbeat about trends in the ongoing partnership, they also identified key challenges and expectations. U.S. Ambassador to Armenia John Evans stressed that the U.S.-Armenia partnership encompassed cooperation in “many different ways,” but the ongoing war against terrorism demands a particular focus on security issues. Over the past two years, Armenia has sent its soldiers to serve in the U.S.-led peacekeeping and stabilization operations in Kosovo and Iraq.
13.07.2005Applied Armenology as a component part of national security
In the present-day world the precondition to secure competitiveness for Armenia and Armenians and self-reproduction is the problem of self-knowledge, that’s to say deep knowledge of our own country’s history, geography, language, culture and other components of spiritual and material identity. Armenology is a complex of sciences investigating that field: It forms a complete ideology concerning to cognition, preservation and enrichment of Armenian political values. In the present processes of mutual exclusion and interosculation is formed a competition of “nation-values” and a new informational reality reflecting the struggle among the civilizations.
07.07.2005The prospective of Talishian national movement
Some allegedly “forgotten” problems concerning to Talishian, Lezgian and other ethnic factors are recently being discussed in the context of regional processes. In this sense the first Talishian scientific conference held in Armenia with the representatives of Talishian national movement is very expressive. As a matter of fact the Talishian national movement, with its ideological trends and with more or less direct aims, has formed in 1993...
29.06.2005About the results of the presidential elections in Iran
On the 26th of June were announced the preliminary results of the presidential elections in Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI). The winner was Mahmoud Ahmaudi Nejad. The results of the elections were a surprise not only for the main candidate for the post of president, 71 years old Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, but also for many of the experts on Iran and Great Middle East. On the eve of the elections it seemed that the “outsider” of the pre-election race Nejad has no chances to carry an election in the battle with the “heavyweight” Hashemi Rafsanjani, who was surrounded by most of the Iranian progressive intellectuals and the youth.
27.06.2005Armenia this week
Armenia Sees continued boost to tourism Armenia expects to host 300,000 visitors this year, an official overseeing the tourism sector said earlier this month, continuing a strong trend that began 2001, when the number of tourists first reached 100,000. According to the country’s Deputy Minister of Trade and Economic Development Ara Petrosian, Armenia was visited by 30 percent more tourists in the first quarter of this year. Foreign tourism in Armenia, which was virtually non-existent just seven years ago, added an estimated $150 million to Armenia’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) last year, capping a fourth consecutive year of double-digit growth in the sector.
20.06.2005Armenia this week
Karabakh election seen as victory for pro-establishment parties Preliminary results published on-line by the Nagorno Karabakh’s Central Election Committee give the ruling Democratic Party (AZhK) twelve seats in the newly-elected 33-member Parliament, with ten seats going to the recently established Free Motherland Party (AHK), three to the Bloc of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Dashnaktsutiun) and the Movement 88 political parties, and the remaining eight seats to candidates unaffiliated with political parties. The new parliament was elected through a mixed majoritarian and proportional system, with 22 seats filled through direct voting for individual candidates in electoral districts and 11 proportionally shared by parties and blocs that received over ten and fifteen percent of the total vote, respectively.
13.06.2005Armenia this week
Armenian foreign minister calls for greater U.S. role in Turkey dispute Armenia urged the U.S. to be “more assertive” in its calls on Turkey to lift the 12-year blockade of Armenia, Foreign Minister Vartan Oskanyan said at a press-conference following his meetings with Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and the President’s National Security Advisor Stephen Hadley. Oskanyan said the talks with the U.S. officials focused on growing bilateral cooperation in security matters, including Armenia’s deployments in Iraq and Kosovo, as well as plans for the Millennium Challenge assistance to Armenia.
06.06.2005Armenia this week
The U.S. Senators, senior military officers praise the progress in Armenia Two American Senators visited Yerevan last week, underscoring the U.S. strong interest in Armenia and the region. Senator Chuck Hagel (R-NE) led a senior U.S. delegation that included deputy commander of the U.S. European Command General Chuck Wald and several other Department of Defense and Senate staff. Hagel praised the President Robert Kocharyan’s administration, saying he was “impressed with the democratic reforms that have taken place in Armenia, the economic development, the rate of economic growth, the prosperity that’s developing”, which was “very good news for Armenia and the region”.
07.05.2005The Armenian Genocide Revisited:New Perspectives in International Law
The study of the Armenian genocide has produced a broad body of work on a wide array of diverse aspects of the events of 1915, with each serving to forge a richer historical narrative of increasing depth and detail. There has also been significant attention devoted to the role of the Armenian genocide as precedent and precursor for subsequent cases of mass atrocity, genocide, and holocaust. This task of articulating and interpreting the “internationalization” of the Armenian genocide is, in many ways, the most effective avenue toward demonstrating the relevance of the Armenian genocide. This is particularly important given the passage of ninety years, and its resulting transition from personal memory to collective history.
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