05.03.2009PROBLEM OF ETHNIC ORIGIN ON THE POLITICAL AGENDA IN TURKEY
Many developments and processes in Turkey directly state that the issue of identity is one of the central problems in the country. Even at present from time to time the issue of ethnic origin appears at the epicenter of various important processes and is actively discussed being the object of interest for politicians, analysts, press. It is necessary to mention that the issue of ethnic origin is also topical in the context of both external and internal political problems of Turkey. It is not a secret that Turkey uses the issue of ethnic origin in its foreign policy and this is one of the most important bases for the propagation of pan-Turkish ideas.
02.03.2009TURKEY: THE POLITICAL CONTEXT OF ENERGETIC DEVELOPMENTS
Recently it has been much spoken about the prospects of Turkey to become an international energetic centre. For example, according to some calculations presented by the Ministry of the Foreign Affairs of that country in 2008 if Turkey’s oil transportation capacities (first of all oil pipelines) go on working with the same extent and if the planned projects are implemented then in 2012 6-7% of oil will flow through the territory of Turkey.
26.02.2009NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN CENTRAL ASIA AND NEAR EAST
The beginning of 2009 was marked by the developments of political, military and economic character, which may cause some changes in the situation in Central Asia and Near East. The activation of implementation of “Nabucco” project, the new quality of collaboration between Turkey and Iran in the sphere of energetic, the decision of authorities of Kirgizstan to withdraw American military base from the country must be regarded as the most important ones.
23.02.2009ON THE PROSPECTS OF THE RELATIONS BETWEEN THE USA AND CHINA
The relations between the US and China are one of the main problems in multi-polar world. Their orientation and content, obviously, will essentially influence global policy, military and political and economic developments. Meanwhile, there are quite contrary analytical approaches connected with the character of those relations. Some analysts (mainly economists) tend to the opinion that the US and the PRC coalesced to such an extent in the sphere of economy and finances (today 10% of the import in the US belongs to China) that in the future they will integrate economically and make a whole.
19.02.2009AFGHANISTAN 20 YEARS AFTER THE SOVIET WITHDRAWAL
February 15 will mark the twentieth anniversary of the withdrawal of the Soviet troops from Afghanistan. On that day, the last Soviet soldier, Lieut. Gen. Boris V. Gromov, the commander of the Soviet forces in Afghanistan, walked across the “Friendship Bridge” linking the Afghan border town of Hayratan with Termez, in the Soviet Union, bringing to an end the costly and disastrous nine-year Soviet military involvement in Afghanistan, which began in December 1979. The withdrawal of the 100,000 Soviet troops from Afghanistan was completed on February 15, 1989, pursuant to the Geneva Accords, signed on April 14, 1988 between Afghanistan and Pakistan, with the United States and the Soviet Union serving as guarantors.
16.02.2009ARMENIAN AND REGIONAL ENERGETIC PROCESSES IN THE CONTEXT OF INFORMATION SUPPORT
What should be the basis for regional informational security? What should be a guide-line for Armenia on the global competitive resource market where the companies from the countries, which do not have enough hydrocarbon resources to support their economic development, are extensively included? What is the place of Armenia on the energetic map of the region? And finally, what is the role of information support in the elaboration and promotion of particular projects in energetic? The answers to these questions play a key role in the process of elaboration of the efficient policy directed to the real integration of the countries of the region in the sphere of energetic.
12.02.2009DEEP CONCERN IN BAKU AFTER CSTO NEWS
The summit of the heads of states of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) on February 4 in Moscow brought unexpected, yet alarming news for Baku. The members of the organization have decided to create collective rapid reaction forces: the first ever joint military forces between these republics of the former Soviet Union. Regional analysts have immediately labeled it as another attempt by the Kremlin to come closer to the restoration of the Soviet Union.
In 1947 in accordance with the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 187/II, two states had to be created on the territory of Palestine: one Arab and one Jewish. 14.1 thousand square km or 56% of the Palestine territory were given to Israel and 11.1 thousand square km or 43%1 of the territory were given to Arabs. In fact the partition of Palestine was made in favour of Jews, because at that moment or even after Jewish immigration, Arabs in Palestine were three times as much as Jews. The immigration of Jews, their settlement in Palestine and finally the creation of Jewish state caused the opposition of Palestinians which has transformed into a permanent confrontation.
04.02.2009COLLABORATION BETWEEN IRAN AND TURKEY WILL REHABILITATE NABUCCO AND WEAKEN THE ROLE OF AZERBAIJAN Sevak Sarukhanyan’s interview with IA REGNUM
Lately Turkish government has actively lobbied the participation of Iran in NABUCCO gas pipeline project; because they realize that this project cannot be implemented without Tehran. This statement was made by the vice director of “Noravank” foundation Sevak Sarukhanyan in the interview with IA REGNUM.
02.02.2009ON THE PROSPECTS OF THE RELATIONS BETWEEN THE US AND IRAN
Though the biggest expectations from the work of the new US administration concern the financial and economical spheres, but there are also many questions in the sphere of foreign policy which require tough decisions from the 44th president of the United States.
29.01.2009NATIONALIZATION GETS A NEW, SERIOUS LOOK
Only five days into the Obama presidency, members of the new administration and Democratic leaders in Congress are already dancing around one of the most politically delicate questions about the financial bailout: Is the president prepared to nationalize a huge swath of the nation’s banking system? Privately, most members of the Obama economic team concede that the rapid deterioration of the country’s biggest banks, notably Bank of America and Citigroup, is bound to require far larger investments of taxpayer money, atop the more than $300 billion of taxpayer money already poured into those two financial institutions and hundreds of others. But if hundreds of billions of dollars of new investment is needed to shore up those banks, and perhaps their competitors, what do taxpayers get in return? And how do the risks escalate as government’s role expands from a few bailouts to control over a vast portion of the financial sector of the world’s largest economy?
29.01.2009THE FORMAT OF OSCE MINSK GROUP WILL NOT CHANGE Gagik Harutyunyan’s interview with IA REGNUM
The meeting of the president of Armenia Serj Sargsyan and the president of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliev, which will take place on January 28 in Zurich, does not bode any changes for the negotiation process on the arrangement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and this is only the next scheduled meeting in a row of such meetings. This was said by the director of “Noravank” foundation Gagik Harutyunyan in the interview with IA REGNUM. In the expert’s opinion the regular meeting of the presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan, which was arranged by co-Chairman states of OSCE Minsk group, can not be also regarded as the last one or summarizing or the “swan song” for this format as many analysts think.
29.01.2009DEVELOPMENTS IN DOMESTIC POLICY OF IRAN
The presidential elections, which are to be held in June 2009 in Iran, and their probable developments are the main processes to influence domestic and foreign policy of the country. On January 13th the ex-president of Iran M. Khatami made an unexpected statement that he was definitely going to take part in the forthcoming presidential elections and if he did not in some way, he and the “Union of struggling clergymen” which represents the reformers camp would put forward another candidate, the ex-prime minister Hussein Mussavi.
27.01.2009ON THE POLICY OF RUSSIA ON POST-SOVIET TERRITORY
Though the new treaty, which was signed between Russia and Ukraine, generally settled the matter of Russian gas supply to Ukraine and its transmission to the EU, but the issue still remains open. The point is that Moscow and Kiev have not come to an agreement about long-term price on natural gas1. And this means that parties have not also come to an agreement about long-term price for gas transmission to Europe through the territory of Ukraine2. Hence, one thing is clear that the causes of the crisis are not excluded yet. Though the parties have clarified the rules of the game for this year, the crisis may be repeated in the long term.
26.01.2009THE FIRST MEETING OF THE GROUP WORKING ON INFORMATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY DOCTRINE OF ARMENIA
On December 22nd the first meeting of interagency working group, which is to work out informational security strategy doctrine of Armenia, took place under the chairmanship of the secretary of National Security Council Arthur Baghdasaryan. In accordance with the press-service of National Security Council, Baghadasaryan mentioned the importance of country’s informational security and offered basic principles to that issue. The working out of the informational security doctrine is covered by national security doctrine and also by the program of the Council of Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) for 2009.
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